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Title: The electronics, trigger and data acquisition system for the liquid argon time projection chamber of the DarkSide-50 search for dark matter

Abstract

The DarkSide-50 experiment at the Laboratori Nazionali del Gran Sasso is a search for dark matter using a dual phase time projection chamber with 50 kg of low radioactivity argon as target. Light signals from interactions in the argon are detected by a system of 38 photo-multiplier tubes (PMTs), 19 above and 19 below the TPC volume inside the argon cryostat. We describe the electronics which processes the signals from the photo-multipliers, the trigger system which identifies events of interest, and the data-acquisition system which records the data for further analysis. The electronics include resistive voltage dividers on the PMTs, custom pre-amplifiers mounted directly on the PMT voltage dividers in the liquid argon, and custom amplifier/discriminators (at room temperature). After amplification, the PMT signals are digitized in CAEN waveform digitizers, and CAEN logic modules are used to construct the trigger, the data acquisition system for the TPC is based on the Fermilab "artdaq" software. The system has been in operation since early 2014.

Authors:
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Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States); Fermi National Accelerator Lab. (FNAL), Batavia, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), High Energy Physics (HEP) (SC-25)
Contributing Org.:
DarkSide; DarkSide Collaboration
OSTI Identifier:
1418007
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1375909; OSTI ID: 1430716
Report Number(s):
FERMILAB-PUB-17-322-AE-E; arXiv:1707.09889; PNNL-SA-131302
Journal ID: ISSN 1748-0221; 1613670
Grant/Contract Number:
AC02-07CH11359; AC02-76SF00515; AC05-76RL01830
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Instrumentation
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 12; Journal Issue: 12; Journal ID: ISSN 1748-0221
Publisher:
Institute of Physics (IOP)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
46 INSTRUMENTATION RELATED TO NUCLEAR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY; 72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS; Dark matter; LArTPC

Citation Formats

Agnes, P., Albuquerque, I. F. M., Alexander, T., Alton, A. K., Arisaka, K., Asner, D. M., Ave, M., Back, H. O., Baldin, B., Biery, K., Bocci, V., Bonfini, G., Bonivento, W., Bossa, M., Bottino, B., Brigatti, A., Brodsky, J., Budano, F., Bussino, S., Cadeddu, M., Cadoni, M., Calaprice, F., Canci, N., Candela, A., Cao, H., Caravati, M., Cariello, M., Carlini, M., Catalanotti, S., Cataudella, V., Cavalcante, P., Chepurnov, A., Cicaló, C., Cocco, A. G., Covone, G., Crippa, L., D'Angelo, D., D'Incecco, M., Davini, S., de Candia, A., Cecco, S. De, Deo, M. De, Filippis, G. De, Rosa, G. De, Vincenzi, M. De, Derbin, A., Devoto, A., Eusanio, F. Di, Dionisi, C., Pietro, G. Di, Edkins, E., Empl, A., Fan, A., Fiorillo, G., Fomenko, K., Forster, G., Franco, D., Gabriele, F., Galbiati, C., Giagu, S., Giganti, C., Giovanetti, G. K., Goretti, A. M., Granato, F., Grandi, L., Gromov, M., Guan, M., Guardincerri, Y., Hackett, B. R., Herner, K. R., Hughes, D., Humble, P., Hungerford, E. V., Ianni, A., Ianni, A., James, I., Johnson, T. N., Keeter, K., Kendziora, C. L., Kobychev, V., Koh, G., Korablev, D., Korga, G., Kubankin, A., Li, X., Lissia, M., Loer, B., Lombardi, P., Longo, G., Luitz, S., Ma, Y., Machado, A., Machulin, I. N., Mandarano, A., Mari, S. M., Maricic, J., Marini, L., Martoff, C. J., Meyers, P. D., Miletic, T., Milincic, R., Montanari, D., Monte, A., Montuschi, M., Monzani, M. E., Mosteiro, P., Mount, B. J., Muratova, V. N., Musico, P., Agasson, A. Navrer, Nelson, A., Odrowski, S., Oleinik, A., Orsini, M., Ortica, F., Pagani, L., Pallavicini, M., Pantic, E., Parmeggiano, S., Pelczar, K., Pelliccia, N., Pocar, A., Pordes, S., Pugachev, D. A., Qian, H., Randle, K., Ranucci, G., Razeti, M., Razeto, A., Reinhold, B., Renshaw, A. L., Rescigno, M., Riffard, Q., Romani, A., Rossi, B., Rossi, N., Rountree, S. D., Sablone, D., Saggese, P., Saldanha, R., Sands, W., Sangiorgio, S., Savarese, C., Schlitzer, B., Segreto, E., Semenov, D. A., Shields, E., Singh, P. N., Skorokhvatov, M. D., Smirnov, O., Sotnikov, A., Stanford, C., Suvorov, Y., Tartaglia, R., Tatarowicz, J., Testera, G., Tonazzo, A., Trinchese, P., Unzhakov, E. V., Verducci, M., Vishneva, A., Vogelaar, R. B., Wada, M., Walker, S., Wang, H., Wang, Y., Watson, A. W., Westerdale, S., Wojcik, M. M., Xiang, X., Xiao, X., Xu, J., Yang, C., Yoo, J., Zavatarelli, S., Zec, A., Zhong, W., Zhu, C., and Zuzel, G. The electronics, trigger and data acquisition system for the liquid argon time projection chamber of the DarkSide-50 search for dark matter. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1088/1748-0221/12/12/P12011.
Agnes, P., Albuquerque, I. F. M., Alexander, T., Alton, A. K., Arisaka, K., Asner, D. M., Ave, M., Back, H. O., Baldin, B., Biery, K., Bocci, V., Bonfini, G., Bonivento, W., Bossa, M., Bottino, B., Brigatti, A., Brodsky, J., Budano, F., Bussino, S., Cadeddu, M., Cadoni, M., Calaprice, F., Canci, N., Candela, A., Cao, H., Caravati, M., Cariello, M., Carlini, M., Catalanotti, S., Cataudella, V., Cavalcante, P., Chepurnov, A., Cicaló, C., Cocco, A. G., Covone, G., Crippa, L., D'Angelo, D., D'Incecco, M., Davini, S., de Candia, A., Cecco, S. De, Deo, M. De, Filippis, G. De, Rosa, G. De, Vincenzi, M. De, Derbin, A., Devoto, A., Eusanio, F. Di, Dionisi, C., Pietro, G. Di, Edkins, E., Empl, A., Fan, A., Fiorillo, G., Fomenko, K., Forster, G., Franco, D., Gabriele, F., Galbiati, C., Giagu, S., Giganti, C., Giovanetti, G. K., Goretti, A. M., Granato, F., Grandi, L., Gromov, M., Guan, M., Guardincerri, Y., Hackett, B. R., Herner, K. R., Hughes, D., Humble, P., Hungerford, E. V., Ianni, A., Ianni, A., James, I., Johnson, T. N., Keeter, K., Kendziora, C. L., Kobychev, V., Koh, G., Korablev, D., Korga, G., Kubankin, A., Li, X., Lissia, M., Loer, B., Lombardi, P., Longo, G., Luitz, S., Ma, Y., Machado, A., Machulin, I. N., Mandarano, A., Mari, S. M., Maricic, J., Marini, L., Martoff, C. J., Meyers, P. D., Miletic, T., Milincic, R., Montanari, D., Monte, A., Montuschi, M., Monzani, M. E., Mosteiro, P., Mount, B. J., Muratova, V. N., Musico, P., Agasson, A. Navrer, Nelson, A., Odrowski, S., Oleinik, A., Orsini, M., Ortica, F., Pagani, L., Pallavicini, M., Pantic, E., Parmeggiano, S., Pelczar, K., Pelliccia, N., Pocar, A., Pordes, S., Pugachev, D. A., Qian, H., Randle, K., Ranucci, G., Razeti, M., Razeto, A., Reinhold, B., Renshaw, A. L., Rescigno, M., Riffard, Q., Romani, A., Rossi, B., Rossi, N., Rountree, S. D., Sablone, D., Saggese, P., Saldanha, R., Sands, W., Sangiorgio, S., Savarese, C., Schlitzer, B., Segreto, E., Semenov, D. A., Shields, E., Singh, P. N., Skorokhvatov, M. D., Smirnov, O., Sotnikov, A., Stanford, C., Suvorov, Y., Tartaglia, R., Tatarowicz, J., Testera, G., Tonazzo, A., Trinchese, P., Unzhakov, E. V., Verducci, M., Vishneva, A., Vogelaar, R. B., Wada, M., Walker, S., Wang, H., Wang, Y., Watson, A. W., Westerdale, S., Wojcik, M. M., Xiang, X., Xiao, X., Xu, J., Yang, C., Yoo, J., Zavatarelli, S., Zec, A., Zhong, W., Zhu, C., & Zuzel, G. The electronics, trigger and data acquisition system for the liquid argon time projection chamber of the DarkSide-50 search for dark matter. United States. doi:10.1088/1748-0221/12/12/P12011.
Agnes, P., Albuquerque, I. F. M., Alexander, T., Alton, A. K., Arisaka, K., Asner, D. M., Ave, M., Back, H. O., Baldin, B., Biery, K., Bocci, V., Bonfini, G., Bonivento, W., Bossa, M., Bottino, B., Brigatti, A., Brodsky, J., Budano, F., Bussino, S., Cadeddu, M., Cadoni, M., Calaprice, F., Canci, N., Candela, A., Cao, H., Caravati, M., Cariello, M., Carlini, M., Catalanotti, S., Cataudella, V., Cavalcante, P., Chepurnov, A., Cicaló, C., Cocco, A. G., Covone, G., Crippa, L., D'Angelo, D., D'Incecco, M., Davini, S., de Candia, A., Cecco, S. De, Deo, M. De, Filippis, G. De, Rosa, G. De, Vincenzi, M. De, Derbin, A., Devoto, A., Eusanio, F. Di, Dionisi, C., Pietro, G. Di, Edkins, E., Empl, A., Fan, A., Fiorillo, G., Fomenko, K., Forster, G., Franco, D., Gabriele, F., Galbiati, C., Giagu, S., Giganti, C., Giovanetti, G. K., Goretti, A. M., Granato, F., Grandi, L., Gromov, M., Guan, M., Guardincerri, Y., Hackett, B. R., Herner, K. R., Hughes, D., Humble, P., Hungerford, E. V., Ianni, A., Ianni, A., James, I., Johnson, T. N., Keeter, K., Kendziora, C. L., Kobychev, V., Koh, G., Korablev, D., Korga, G., Kubankin, A., Li, X., Lissia, M., Loer, B., Lombardi, P., Longo, G., Luitz, S., Ma, Y., Machado, A., Machulin, I. N., Mandarano, A., Mari, S. M., Maricic, J., Marini, L., Martoff, C. J., Meyers, P. D., Miletic, T., Milincic, R., Montanari, D., Monte, A., Montuschi, M., Monzani, M. E., Mosteiro, P., Mount, B. J., Muratova, V. N., Musico, P., Agasson, A. Navrer, Nelson, A., Odrowski, S., Oleinik, A., Orsini, M., Ortica, F., Pagani, L., Pallavicini, M., Pantic, E., Parmeggiano, S., Pelczar, K., Pelliccia, N., Pocar, A., Pordes, S., Pugachev, D. A., Qian, H., Randle, K., Ranucci, G., Razeti, M., Razeto, A., Reinhold, B., Renshaw, A. L., Rescigno, M., Riffard, Q., Romani, A., Rossi, B., Rossi, N., Rountree, S. D., Sablone, D., Saggese, P., Saldanha, R., Sands, W., Sangiorgio, S., Savarese, C., Schlitzer, B., Segreto, E., Semenov, D. A., Shields, E., Singh, P. N., Skorokhvatov, M. D., Smirnov, O., Sotnikov, A., Stanford, C., Suvorov, Y., Tartaglia, R., Tatarowicz, J., Testera, G., Tonazzo, A., Trinchese, P., Unzhakov, E. V., Verducci, M., Vishneva, A., Vogelaar, R. B., Wada, M., Walker, S., Wang, H., Wang, Y., Watson, A. W., Westerdale, S., Wojcik, M. M., Xiang, X., Xiao, X., Xu, J., Yang, C., Yoo, J., Zavatarelli, S., Zec, A., Zhong, W., Zhu, C., and Zuzel, G. Fri . "The electronics, trigger and data acquisition system for the liquid argon time projection chamber of the DarkSide-50 search for dark matter". United States. doi:10.1088/1748-0221/12/12/P12011.
@article{osti_1418007,
title = {The electronics, trigger and data acquisition system for the liquid argon time projection chamber of the DarkSide-50 search for dark matter},
author = {Agnes, P. and Albuquerque, I. F. M. and Alexander, T. and Alton, A. K. and Arisaka, K. and Asner, D. M. and Ave, M. and Back, H. O. and Baldin, B. and Biery, K. and Bocci, V. and Bonfini, G. and Bonivento, W. and Bossa, M. and Bottino, B. and Brigatti, A. and Brodsky, J. and Budano, F. and Bussino, S. and Cadeddu, M. and Cadoni, M. and Calaprice, F. and Canci, N. and Candela, A. and Cao, H. and Caravati, M. and Cariello, M. and Carlini, M. and Catalanotti, S. and Cataudella, V. and Cavalcante, P. and Chepurnov, A. and Cicaló, C. and Cocco, A. G. and Covone, G. and Crippa, L. and D'Angelo, D. and D'Incecco, M. and Davini, S. and de Candia, A. and Cecco, S. De and Deo, M. De and Filippis, G. De and Rosa, G. De and Vincenzi, M. De and Derbin, A. and Devoto, A. and Eusanio, F. Di and Dionisi, C. and Pietro, G. Di and Edkins, E. and Empl, A. and Fan, A. and Fiorillo, G. and Fomenko, K. and Forster, G. and Franco, D. and Gabriele, F. and Galbiati, C. and Giagu, S. and Giganti, C. and Giovanetti, G. K. and Goretti, A. M. and Granato, F. and Grandi, L. and Gromov, M. and Guan, M. and Guardincerri, Y. and Hackett, B. R. and Herner, K. R. and Hughes, D. and Humble, P. and Hungerford, E. V. and Ianni, A. and Ianni, A. and James, I. and Johnson, T. N. and Keeter, K. and Kendziora, C. L. and Kobychev, V. and Koh, G. and Korablev, D. and Korga, G. and Kubankin, A. and Li, X. and Lissia, M. and Loer, B. and Lombardi, P. and Longo, G. and Luitz, S. and Ma, Y. and Machado, A. and Machulin, I. N. and Mandarano, A. and Mari, S. M. and Maricic, J. and Marini, L. and Martoff, C. J. and Meyers, P. D. and Miletic, T. and Milincic, R. and Montanari, D. and Monte, A. and Montuschi, M. and Monzani, M. E. and Mosteiro, P. and Mount, B. J. and Muratova, V. N. and Musico, P. and Agasson, A. Navrer and Nelson, A. and Odrowski, S. and Oleinik, A. and Orsini, M. and Ortica, F. and Pagani, L. and Pallavicini, M. and Pantic, E. and Parmeggiano, S. and Pelczar, K. and Pelliccia, N. and Pocar, A. and Pordes, S. and Pugachev, D. A. and Qian, H. and Randle, K. and Ranucci, G. and Razeti, M. and Razeto, A. and Reinhold, B. and Renshaw, A. L. and Rescigno, M. and Riffard, Q. and Romani, A. and Rossi, B. and Rossi, N. and Rountree, S. D. and Sablone, D. and Saggese, P. and Saldanha, R. and Sands, W. and Sangiorgio, S. and Savarese, C. and Schlitzer, B. and Segreto, E. and Semenov, D. A. and Shields, E. and Singh, P. N. and Skorokhvatov, M. D. and Smirnov, O. and Sotnikov, A. and Stanford, C. and Suvorov, Y. and Tartaglia, R. and Tatarowicz, J. and Testera, G. and Tonazzo, A. and Trinchese, P. and Unzhakov, E. V. and Verducci, M. and Vishneva, A. and Vogelaar, R. B. and Wada, M. and Walker, S. and Wang, H. and Wang, Y. and Watson, A. W. and Westerdale, S. and Wojcik, M. M. and Xiang, X. and Xiao, X. and Xu, J. and Yang, C. and Yoo, J. and Zavatarelli, S. and Zec, A. and Zhong, W. and Zhu, C. and Zuzel, G.},
abstractNote = {The DarkSide-50 experiment at the Laboratori Nazionali del Gran Sasso is a search for dark matter using a dual phase time projection chamber with 50 kg of low radioactivity argon as target. Light signals from interactions in the argon are detected by a system of 38 photo-multiplier tubes (PMTs), 19 above and 19 below the TPC volume inside the argon cryostat. We describe the electronics which processes the signals from the photo-multipliers, the trigger system which identifies events of interest, and the data-acquisition system which records the data for further analysis. The electronics include resistive voltage dividers on the PMTs, custom pre-amplifiers mounted directly on the PMT voltage dividers in the liquid argon, and custom amplifier/discriminators (at room temperature). After amplification, the PMT signals are digitized in CAEN waveform digitizers, and CAEN logic modules are used to construct the trigger, the data acquisition system for the TPC is based on the Fermilab "artdaq" software. The system has been in operation since early 2014.},
doi = {10.1088/1748-0221/12/12/P12011},
journal = {Journal of Instrumentation},
number = 12,
volume = 12,
place = {United States},
year = {Fri Dec 01 00:00:00 EST 2017},
month = {Fri Dec 01 00:00:00 EST 2017}
}

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