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Title: Uranyl peroxide nanoclusters at high-pressure

Abstract

Here, U 60 ([UO 2(O 2)(OH)] 60 60– in water) is a uranyl peroxide nanocluster with a fullerene topology and O h symmetry. U 60 clusters can exist in crystalline solids or in liquids; however, little is known of their behavior at high pressures. We compressed the U 60-bearing material: Li 68K 12(OH) 20[UO 2(O 2)(OH)] 60(H 2O) 310 ( Fm3¯; a = 37.884 Å) in a diamond anvil cell to determine its response to increasing pressure. Three length scales and corresponding structural features contribute to the compression response: uranyl peroxide bonds (<0.5 nm), isolated single nanoclusters (2.5 nm), and the long-range periodicity of nanoclusters within the solid (>3.7 nm). Li 68K 12(OH) 20[UO 2(O 2)(OH)] 60(H 2O) 310 transformed to a tetragonal structure below 2 GPa and irreversibly amorphized between 9.6 and 13 GPa. The bulk modulus of the tetragonal U 60-bearing material was 25 ± 2 GPa. The pressure-induced amorphous phase contained intact U 60 clusters, which were preserved beyond the loss of long-range periodicity. The persistence of U 60 clusters at high pressure may have been enhanced by the interaction between U 60 nanoclusters and the alcohol pressure medium. Once formed, U 60 nanoclusters persist regardless ofmore » their associated long-range ordering—in crystals, amorphous solids, or solutions.« less

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [2];  [3];  [4];  [2];  [5];  [2];  [1]
  1. Stanford Univ., Stanford, CA (United States)
  2. Univ. of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, IN (United States)
  3. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
  4. SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
  5. Stanford Univ., Stanford, CA (United States); SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
OSTI Identifier:
1417666
Grant/Contract Number:
AC02-76SF00515; NA0001974
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Materials Research
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 32; Journal Issue: 19; Journal ID: ISSN 0884-2914
Publisher:
Materials Research Society
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE

Citation Formats

Turner, Katlyn M., Szymanowski, Jennifer E. S., Zhang, Fuxiang, Lin, Yu, McGrail, Brendan T., Mao, Wendy L., Burns, Peter C., and Ewing, Rodney C. Uranyl peroxide nanoclusters at high-pressure. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1557/jmr.2017.301.
Turner, Katlyn M., Szymanowski, Jennifer E. S., Zhang, Fuxiang, Lin, Yu, McGrail, Brendan T., Mao, Wendy L., Burns, Peter C., & Ewing, Rodney C. Uranyl peroxide nanoclusters at high-pressure. United States. doi:10.1557/jmr.2017.301.
Turner, Katlyn M., Szymanowski, Jennifer E. S., Zhang, Fuxiang, Lin, Yu, McGrail, Brendan T., Mao, Wendy L., Burns, Peter C., and Ewing, Rodney C. 2017. "Uranyl peroxide nanoclusters at high-pressure". United States. doi:10.1557/jmr.2017.301.
@article{osti_1417666,
title = {Uranyl peroxide nanoclusters at high-pressure},
author = {Turner, Katlyn M. and Szymanowski, Jennifer E. S. and Zhang, Fuxiang and Lin, Yu and McGrail, Brendan T. and Mao, Wendy L. and Burns, Peter C. and Ewing, Rodney C.},
abstractNote = {Here, U60 ([UO2(O2)(OH)]60 60– in water) is a uranyl peroxide nanocluster with a fullerene topology and O h symmetry. U60 clusters can exist in crystalline solids or in liquids; however, little is known of their behavior at high pressures. We compressed the U60-bearing material: Li68K12(OH)20[UO2(O2)(OH)]60(H2O)310 (Fm3¯; a = 37.884 Å) in a diamond anvil cell to determine its response to increasing pressure. Three length scales and corresponding structural features contribute to the compression response: uranyl peroxide bonds (<0.5 nm), isolated single nanoclusters (2.5 nm), and the long-range periodicity of nanoclusters within the solid (>3.7 nm). Li68K12(OH)20[UO2(O2)(OH)]60(H2O)310 transformed to a tetragonal structure below 2 GPa and irreversibly amorphized between 9.6 and 13 GPa. The bulk modulus of the tetragonal U60-bearing material was 25 ± 2 GPa. The pressure-induced amorphous phase contained intact U60 clusters, which were preserved beyond the loss of long-range periodicity. The persistence of U60 clusters at high pressure may have been enhanced by the interaction between U60 nanoclusters and the alcohol pressure medium. Once formed, U60 nanoclusters persist regardless of their associated long-range ordering—in crystals, amorphous solids, or solutions.},
doi = {10.1557/jmr.2017.301},
journal = {Journal of Materials Research},
number = 19,
volume = 32,
place = {United States},
year = 2017,
month = 8
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
This content will become publicly available on August 14, 2018
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