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Title: Performance of a hard X-ray split-and-delay optical system with a wavefront division

Abstract

The performance of a hard X-ray split-and-delay optical (SDO) system with a wavefront division scheme was investigated at the hard X-ray free-electron laser facility SACLA. For the wavefront division, beam splitters made of edge-polished perfect Si(220) crystals were employed. We characterized the beam properties of the SDO system, and investigated its capabilities for beam manipulation and diagnostics. First, it was confirmed that shot-to-shot non-invasive diagnostics of pulse energies for both branches in the SDO system was feasible. Second, nearly ideal and identical focal profiles for both branches were obtained with a spot size of ~1.5 µm in full width at half-maximum. Third, a spatial overlap of the two focused beams with a sub-µm accuracy was achieved by fine tuning of the SDO system. Finally, a reliable tunability of the delay time between two pulses was confirmed. The time interval was measured with an X-ray streak camera by changing the path length of the variable-delay branch. As a result, errors from the fitted line were evaluated to be as small as ±0.4 ps over a time range of 60 ps.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [2];  [1];  [1];  [3];  [3];  [4];  [1]; ORCiD logo [3]; ORCiD logo [5];  [5];  [1]; ORCiD logo [4]
  1. Osaka Univ., Osaka (Japan)
  2. Osaka Univ., Osaka (Japan); RIKEN SPring-8 Center, Hyogo (Japan)
  3. RIKEN SPring-8 Center, Hyogo (Japan); Japan Synchrotron Radiation Research Institute (JASRI), Hyogo (Japan)
  4. RIKEN SPring-8 Center, Hyogo (Japan)
  5. SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1417639
Grant/Contract Number:  
JP17J01667; AC02-76SF00515
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Synchrotron Radiation (Online)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 25; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 1600-5775
Publisher:
International Union of Crystallography
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
73 NUCLEAR PHYSICS AND RADIATION PHYSICS; hard X-ray free-electron laser; split-and-delay optics; multi-crystal optics; X-ray photon correlation spectroscopy

Citation Formats

Hirano, Takashi, Osaka, Taito, Morioka, Yuki, Sano, Yasuhisa, Inubushi, Yuichi, Togashi, Tadashi, Inoue, Ichiro, Matsuyama, Satoshi, Tono, Kensuke, Robert, Aymeric, Hastings, Jerome B., Yamauchi, Kazuto, and Yabashi, Makina. Performance of a hard X-ray split-and-delay optical system with a wavefront division. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1107/S1600577517014023.
Hirano, Takashi, Osaka, Taito, Morioka, Yuki, Sano, Yasuhisa, Inubushi, Yuichi, Togashi, Tadashi, Inoue, Ichiro, Matsuyama, Satoshi, Tono, Kensuke, Robert, Aymeric, Hastings, Jerome B., Yamauchi, Kazuto, & Yabashi, Makina. Performance of a hard X-ray split-and-delay optical system with a wavefront division. United States. doi:10.1107/S1600577517014023.
Hirano, Takashi, Osaka, Taito, Morioka, Yuki, Sano, Yasuhisa, Inubushi, Yuichi, Togashi, Tadashi, Inoue, Ichiro, Matsuyama, Satoshi, Tono, Kensuke, Robert, Aymeric, Hastings, Jerome B., Yamauchi, Kazuto, and Yabashi, Makina. Mon . "Performance of a hard X-ray split-and-delay optical system with a wavefront division". United States. doi:10.1107/S1600577517014023. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1417639.
@article{osti_1417639,
title = {Performance of a hard X-ray split-and-delay optical system with a wavefront division},
author = {Hirano, Takashi and Osaka, Taito and Morioka, Yuki and Sano, Yasuhisa and Inubushi, Yuichi and Togashi, Tadashi and Inoue, Ichiro and Matsuyama, Satoshi and Tono, Kensuke and Robert, Aymeric and Hastings, Jerome B. and Yamauchi, Kazuto and Yabashi, Makina},
abstractNote = {The performance of a hard X-ray split-and-delay optical (SDO) system with a wavefront division scheme was investigated at the hard X-ray free-electron laser facility SACLA. For the wavefront division, beam splitters made of edge-polished perfect Si(220) crystals were employed. We characterized the beam properties of the SDO system, and investigated its capabilities for beam manipulation and diagnostics. First, it was confirmed that shot-to-shot non-invasive diagnostics of pulse energies for both branches in the SDO system was feasible. Second, nearly ideal and identical focal profiles for both branches were obtained with a spot size of ~1.5 µm in full width at half-maximum. Third, a spatial overlap of the two focused beams with a sub-µm accuracy was achieved by fine tuning of the SDO system. Finally, a reliable tunability of the delay time between two pulses was confirmed. The time interval was measured with an X-ray streak camera by changing the path length of the variable-delay branch. As a result, errors from the fitted line were evaluated to be as small as ±0.4 ps over a time range of 60 ps.},
doi = {10.1107/S1600577517014023},
journal = {Journal of Synchrotron Radiation (Online)},
issn = {1600-5775},
number = 1,
volume = 25,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {1}
}

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Works referencing / citing this record:

Demonstration of femtosecond X-ray pump X-ray probe diffraction on protein crystals
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Compact hard X-ray split-and-delay line for studying ultrafast dynamics at free-electron laser sources
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  • Rysov, Rustam; Roseker, Wojciech; Walther, Michael
  • Journal of Synchrotron Radiation, Vol. 26, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1107/s1600577519004570

Demonstration of femtosecond X-ray pump X-ray probe diffraction on protein crystals
text, January 2018

  • Opara, Nadia L.; Mohacsi, Istvan; Makita, Mikako
  • Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron, DESY, Hamburg
  • DOI: 10.3204/pubdb-2018-03749

Compact hard X-ray split-and-delay line for studying ultrafast dynamics at free-electron laser sources
text, January 2019

  • Rysov, Rustam; Roseker, Wojciech; Walther, Michael
  • Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron, DESY, Hamburg
  • DOI: 10.3204/pubdb-2019-02307