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Title: Development and field deployment of a mid-infrared methane sensor without pressure control using interband cascade laser absorption spectroscopy

Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Advanced Research Projects Agency - Energy (ARPA-E)
OSTI Identifier:
1417106
Grant/Contract Number:
0000545; 0000547
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Publisher's Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Sensors and Actuators. B, Chemical
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 244; Journal Issue: C; Related Information: CHORUS Timestamp: 2018-01-16 13:05:25; Journal ID: ISSN 0925-4005
Publisher:
Elsevier
Country of Publication:
Switzerland
Language:
English

Citation Formats

Zheng, Chuantao, Ye, Weilin, Sanchez, Nancy P., Li, Chunguang, Dong, Lei, Wang, Yiding, Griffin, Robert J., and Tittel, Frank K.. Development and field deployment of a mid-infrared methane sensor without pressure control using interband cascade laser absorption spectroscopy. Switzerland: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1016/j.snb.2016.12.146.
Zheng, Chuantao, Ye, Weilin, Sanchez, Nancy P., Li, Chunguang, Dong, Lei, Wang, Yiding, Griffin, Robert J., & Tittel, Frank K.. Development and field deployment of a mid-infrared methane sensor without pressure control using interband cascade laser absorption spectroscopy. Switzerland. doi:10.1016/j.snb.2016.12.146.
Zheng, Chuantao, Ye, Weilin, Sanchez, Nancy P., Li, Chunguang, Dong, Lei, Wang, Yiding, Griffin, Robert J., and Tittel, Frank K.. Thu . "Development and field deployment of a mid-infrared methane sensor without pressure control using interband cascade laser absorption spectroscopy". Switzerland. doi:10.1016/j.snb.2016.12.146.
@article{osti_1417106,
title = {Development and field deployment of a mid-infrared methane sensor without pressure control using interband cascade laser absorption spectroscopy},
author = {Zheng, Chuantao and Ye, Weilin and Sanchez, Nancy P. and Li, Chunguang and Dong, Lei and Wang, Yiding and Griffin, Robert J. and Tittel, Frank K.},
abstractNote = {},
doi = {10.1016/j.snb.2016.12.146},
journal = {Sensors and Actuators. B, Chemical},
number = C,
volume = 244,
place = {Switzerland},
year = {Thu Jun 01 00:00:00 EDT 2017},
month = {Thu Jun 01 00:00:00 EDT 2017}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record at 10.1016/j.snb.2016.12.146

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 7works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

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  • A continuous-wave (CW) interband cascade laser (ICL) based mid-infrared sensor system was demonstrated for simultaneous detection of atmospheric methane (CH 4) and ethane (C 2H 6). A 3.337 µm CW ICL with an emitting wavenumber range of 2996.0–3001.5 cm –1 was used to simultaneously target two absorption lines, C 2H 6 at 2996.88 cm –1 and CH 4 at 2999.06 cm –1, respectively. The sensor performance was first evaluated for single-gas detection by only targeting the absorption line of one gas species. Allan deviations of 11.2 parts per billion in volume (ppbv) for CH 4 and 1.86 ppbv for Cmore » 2H 6 with an averaging time of 3.4 s were achieved for the detection of these two gases. Dual-gas detection was realized by using a long-term scan signal to target both CH 4 and C 2H 6 lines. The Allan deviations increased slightly to 17.4 ppbv for CH 4 and 2.4 ppbv for C 2H 6 with an averaging time of 4.6 s due to laser temperature and power drift caused by long-term wavelength scanning. Measurements for both indoor and outdoor concentration changes of CH 4 and C 2H 6 were conducted. As a result, the reported single ICL based dual-gas sensor system has the advantages of reduced size and cost compared to two separate sensor systems.« less
  • A continuous-wave (CW) interband cascade laser (ICL) based mid-infrared sensor system was demonstrated for simultaneous detection of atmospheric methane (CH 4) and ethane (C 2H 6). A 3.337 µm CW ICL with an emitting wavenumber range of 2996.0–3001.5 cm –1 was used to simultaneously target two absorption lines, C 2H 6 at 2996.88 cm –1 and CH 4 at 2999.06 cm –1, respectively. The sensor performance was first evaluated for single-gas detection by only targeting the absorption line of one gas species. Allan deviations of 11.2 parts per billion in volume (ppbv) for CH 4 and 1.86 ppbv for Cmore » 2H 6 with an averaging time of 3.4 s were achieved for the detection of these two gases. Dual-gas detection was realized by using a long-term scan signal to target both CH 4 and C 2H 6 lines. The Allan deviations increased slightly to 17.4 ppbv for CH 4 and 2.4 ppbv for C 2H 6 with an averaging time of 4.6 s due to laser temperature and power drift caused by long-term wavelength scanning. Measurements for both indoor and outdoor concentration changes of CH 4 and C 2H 6 were conducted. As a result, the reported single ICL based dual-gas sensor system has the advantages of reduced size and cost compared to two separate sensor systems.« less
  • A ppb-level mid-infrared ethane (C 2H 6) sensor was developed using a continuous-wave, thermoelectrically cooled, distributed feedback interband cascade laser emitting at 3.34 μm and a miniature dense patterned multipass gas cell with a 54.6-m optical path length. The performance of the sensor was investigated using two different techniques based on the tunable interband cascade laser: direct absorption spectroscopy (DAS) and second-harmonic wavelength modulation spectroscopy (2f-WMS). Three measurement schemes, DAS, WMS and quasi-simultaneous DAS and WMS, were realized based on the same optical sensor core. A detection limit of ~7.92 ppbv with a precision of ±30 ppbv for the separatemore » DAS scheme with an averaging time of 1 s and a detection limit of ~1.19 ppbv with a precision of about ±4 ppbv for the separate WMS scheme with a 4-s averaging time were achieved. An Allan–Werle variance analysis indicated that the precisions can be further improved to 777 pptv @ 166 s for the separate DAS scheme and 269 pptv @ 108 s for the WMS scheme, respectively. For the quasi-simultaneous DAS and WMS scheme, both the 2f signal and the direct absorption signal were simultaneously extracted using a LabVIEW platform, and four C 2H 6 samples (0, 30, 60 and 90 ppbv with nitrogen as the balance gas) were used as the target gases to assess the sensor performance. A detailed comparison of the three measurement schemes is reported. Here, atmospheric C 2H 6 measurements on the Rice University campus and a field test at a compressed natural gas station in Houston, TX, were conducted to evaluate the performance of the sensor system as a robust and reliable field-deployable sensor system.« less
  • Two compact TDLAS sensor systems based on different structural optical cores were developed. The two optical cores combine two recent developments, gallium antimonide (GaSb)-based ICL and a compact multipass gas cell (MPGC) with the goal to create compact TDLAS based sensors for the mid-IR gas detection with high detection sensitivity and low power consumption. The sensors achieved minimum detection limits of ~5 ppbv and ~8 ppbv, respectively, for CH 4 and C 2H 6 concentration measurements with a 3.7-W power consumption.
  • Two compact TDLAS sensor systems based on different structural optical cores were developed. The two optical cores combine two recent developments, gallium antimonide (GaSb)-based ICL and a compact multipass gas cell (MPGC) with the goal to create compact TDLAS based sensors for the mid-IR gas detection with high detection sensitivity and low power consumption. The sensors achieved minimum detection limits of ~5 ppbv and ~8 ppbv, respectively, for CH 4 and C 2H 6 concentration measurements with a 3.7-W power consumption.