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Title: Evaluation of nitrous oxide as a substitute for sulfur hexafluoride to reduce global warming impacts of ANSI/HPS N13.1 gaseous uniformity testing

Abstract

The ANSI/HPS N13.1–2011 standard requires gaseous tracer uniformity testing for sampling associated with stacks used in radioactive air emissions. Sulfur hexafluoride (SF 6), a greenhouse gas with a high global warming potential, has long been the gas tracer used in such testing. To reduce the impact of gas tracer tests on the environment, nitrous oxide (N 2O) was evaluated as a potential replacement to SF 6. The physical evaluation included the development of a test plan to record percent coefficient of variance and the percent maximum deviation between the two gases while considering variables such as fan configuration, injection position, and flow rate. Statistical power was calculated to determine how many sample sets were needed, and computational fluid dynamic modeling was utilized to estimate overall mixing in stacks. Results show there are no significant differences between the behaviors of the two gases, and SF 6 modeling corroborated N 2O test results. Although, in principle, all tracer gases should behave in an identical manner for measuring mixing within a stack, the series of physical tests guided by statistics was performed to demonstrate the equivalence of N 2O testing to SF 6 testing in the context of stack qualification tests. In conclusion,more » the results demonstrate that N 2O is a viable choice leading to a four times reduction in global warming impacts for future similar compliance driven testing.« less

Authors:
 [1]; ORCiD logo [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [2]
  1. Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
  2. Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); Glissmeyer Environmental, LLC, Kennewick, WA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1416970
Report Number(s):
PNNL-SA-128014
Journal ID: ISSN 1352-2310; PII: S1352231017308567
Grant/Contract Number:
AC05-76RL01830
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Atmospheric Environment (1994)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Atmospheric Environment (1994); Journal Volume: 176; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 1352-2310
Publisher:
Elsevier
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; ANSI/HPS N13.1–2011; Gaseous tracer testing; Global warming potential; N2O; SF6; Standards

Citation Formats

Yu, Xiao-Ying, Barnett, J. Matthew, Amidan, Brett G., Recknagle, Kurtis P., Flaherty, Julia E., Antonio, Ernest J., and Glissmeyer, John A. Evaluation of nitrous oxide as a substitute for sulfur hexafluoride to reduce global warming impacts of ANSI/HPS N13.1 gaseous uniformity testing. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1016/J.ATMOSENV.2017.12.015.
Yu, Xiao-Ying, Barnett, J. Matthew, Amidan, Brett G., Recknagle, Kurtis P., Flaherty, Julia E., Antonio, Ernest J., & Glissmeyer, John A. Evaluation of nitrous oxide as a substitute for sulfur hexafluoride to reduce global warming impacts of ANSI/HPS N13.1 gaseous uniformity testing. United States. doi:10.1016/J.ATMOSENV.2017.12.015.
Yu, Xiao-Ying, Barnett, J. Matthew, Amidan, Brett G., Recknagle, Kurtis P., Flaherty, Julia E., Antonio, Ernest J., and Glissmeyer, John A. Tue . "Evaluation of nitrous oxide as a substitute for sulfur hexafluoride to reduce global warming impacts of ANSI/HPS N13.1 gaseous uniformity testing". United States. doi:10.1016/J.ATMOSENV.2017.12.015. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1416970.
@article{osti_1416970,
title = {Evaluation of nitrous oxide as a substitute for sulfur hexafluoride to reduce global warming impacts of ANSI/HPS N13.1 gaseous uniformity testing},
author = {Yu, Xiao-Ying and Barnett, J. Matthew and Amidan, Brett G. and Recknagle, Kurtis P. and Flaherty, Julia E. and Antonio, Ernest J. and Glissmeyer, John A.},
abstractNote = {The ANSI/HPS N13.1–2011 standard requires gaseous tracer uniformity testing for sampling associated with stacks used in radioactive air emissions. Sulfur hexafluoride (SF6), a greenhouse gas with a high global warming potential, has long been the gas tracer used in such testing. To reduce the impact of gas tracer tests on the environment, nitrous oxide (N2O) was evaluated as a potential replacement to SF6. The physical evaluation included the development of a test plan to record percent coefficient of variance and the percent maximum deviation between the two gases while considering variables such as fan configuration, injection position, and flow rate. Statistical power was calculated to determine how many sample sets were needed, and computational fluid dynamic modeling was utilized to estimate overall mixing in stacks. Results show there are no significant differences between the behaviors of the two gases, and SF6 modeling corroborated N2O test results. Although, in principle, all tracer gases should behave in an identical manner for measuring mixing within a stack, the series of physical tests guided by statistics was performed to demonstrate the equivalence of N2O testing to SF6 testing in the context of stack qualification tests. In conclusion, the results demonstrate that N2O is a viable choice leading to a four times reduction in global warming impacts for future similar compliance driven testing.},
doi = {10.1016/J.ATMOSENV.2017.12.015},
journal = {Atmospheric Environment (1994)},
number = C,
volume = 176,
place = {United States},
year = {Tue Dec 12 00:00:00 EST 2017},
month = {Tue Dec 12 00:00:00 EST 2017}
}

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