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Title: High-performance flexible waveguide-integrated photodetectors

Abstract

Mechanically flexible photonic devices are essential building blocks for novel bio-integrated optoelectronic systems, wearable sensors, and flexible consumer electronics. Here we describe the design and experimental demonstration of high-performance flexible semiconductor nanomembrane photodetectors integrated with single-mode chalcogenide glass waveguides. Through a combination of a waveguide-integrated architecture to enhance light–matter interactions and mechanical engineering of multilayer configurations to suppress strains, the detector devices exhibit record optical and mechanical performance. The devices feature a noise equivalent power as low as 0.02 pW · Hz 1/2, a linear dynamic range exceeding 70 dB, and a 3-dB bandwidth of 1.4 GHz, all measured at 1530 nm wavelength. The devices withstand 1000 bending cycles at a submillimeter radius without degradation in their optoelectronic responses. These metrics represent significant improvements over state-of-the-art flexible photodetectors.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [2];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [2];  [1];  [1]
  1. Massachusetts Inst. of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, MA (United States)
  2. Univ. of Central Florida, Orlando, FL (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Univ. of Texas, Austin, TX (United States). Energy Frontier Research Center (EFRC); Massachusetts Inst. of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, MA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
OSTI Identifier:
1416473
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1470433
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0001088
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Published Article
Journal Name:
Optica
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 5; Journal Issue: 1; Related Information: CE partners with Massachusetts Institute of Technology (lead); Brookhaven National Laboratory; Harvard University; Journal ID: ISSN 2334-2536
Publisher:
Optical Society of America
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
47 OTHER INSTRUMENTATION; solar (photovoltaic); solid state lighting; photosynthesis (natural and artificial); charge transport; optics; synthesis (novel materials); synthesis (self-assembly); synthesis (scalable processing)

Citation Formats

Li, Lan, Lin, Hongtao, Huang, Yizhong, Shiue, Ren-Jye, Yadav, Anupama, Li, Junying, Michon, Jerome, Englund, Dirk, Richardson, Kathleen, Gu, Tian, and Hu, Juejun. High-performance flexible waveguide-integrated photodetectors. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1364/OPTICA.5.000044.
Li, Lan, Lin, Hongtao, Huang, Yizhong, Shiue, Ren-Jye, Yadav, Anupama, Li, Junying, Michon, Jerome, Englund, Dirk, Richardson, Kathleen, Gu, Tian, & Hu, Juejun. High-performance flexible waveguide-integrated photodetectors. United States. doi:10.1364/OPTICA.5.000044.
Li, Lan, Lin, Hongtao, Huang, Yizhong, Shiue, Ren-Jye, Yadav, Anupama, Li, Junying, Michon, Jerome, Englund, Dirk, Richardson, Kathleen, Gu, Tian, and Hu, Juejun. Thu . "High-performance flexible waveguide-integrated photodetectors". United States. doi:10.1364/OPTICA.5.000044.
@article{osti_1416473,
title = {High-performance flexible waveguide-integrated photodetectors},
author = {Li, Lan and Lin, Hongtao and Huang, Yizhong and Shiue, Ren-Jye and Yadav, Anupama and Li, Junying and Michon, Jerome and Englund, Dirk and Richardson, Kathleen and Gu, Tian and Hu, Juejun},
abstractNote = {Mechanically flexible photonic devices are essential building blocks for novel bio-integrated optoelectronic systems, wearable sensors, and flexible consumer electronics. Here we describe the design and experimental demonstration of high-performance flexible semiconductor nanomembrane photodetectors integrated with single-mode chalcogenide glass waveguides. Through a combination of a waveguide-integrated architecture to enhance light–matter interactions and mechanical engineering of multilayer configurations to suppress strains, the detector devices exhibit record optical and mechanical performance. The devices feature a noise equivalent power as low as 0.02 pW · Hz1/2, a linear dynamic range exceeding 70 dB, and a 3-dB bandwidth of 1.4 GHz, all measured at 1530 nm wavelength. The devices withstand 1000 bending cycles at a submillimeter radius without degradation in their optoelectronic responses. These metrics represent significant improvements over state-of-the-art flexible photodetectors.},
doi = {10.1364/OPTICA.5.000044},
journal = {Optica},
issn = {2334-2536},
number = 1,
volume = 5,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {1}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record at 10.1364/OPTICA.5.000044

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 6 works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Figures / Tables:

Fig. 1. Fig. 1.: (a) Schematic fabrication process flow of the flexible waveguide-integrated detector; (b) top-view optical micrograph of a detector prior to the SU-8 top cladding capping step.

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    Figures/Tables have been extracted from DOE-funded journal article accepted manuscripts.