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Title: Wetting properties of liquid lithium on lithium compounds

Authors:
ORCiD logo; ; ; ; ; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Fusion Energy Sciences (FES) (SC-24)
OSTI Identifier:
1416201
Grant/Contract Number:
SC0008587; SC0008658; FG02-99ER54515
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Publisher's Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Fusion Engineering and Design
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 117; Journal Issue: C; Related Information: CHORUS Timestamp: 2018-01-09 03:05:23; Journal ID: ISSN 0920-3796
Publisher:
Elsevier
Country of Publication:
Netherlands
Language:
English

Citation Formats

Krat, S. A., Popkov, A. S., Gasparyan, Yu. M., Pisarev, A. A., Fiflis, Peter, Szott, Matthew, Christenson, Michael, Kalathiparambil, Kishor, and Ruzic, David N. Wetting properties of liquid lithium on lithium compounds. Netherlands: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1016/j.fusengdes.2016.06.038.
Krat, S. A., Popkov, A. S., Gasparyan, Yu. M., Pisarev, A. A., Fiflis, Peter, Szott, Matthew, Christenson, Michael, Kalathiparambil, Kishor, & Ruzic, David N. Wetting properties of liquid lithium on lithium compounds. Netherlands. doi:10.1016/j.fusengdes.2016.06.038.
Krat, S. A., Popkov, A. S., Gasparyan, Yu. M., Pisarev, A. A., Fiflis, Peter, Szott, Matthew, Christenson, Michael, Kalathiparambil, Kishor, and Ruzic, David N. Sat . "Wetting properties of liquid lithium on lithium compounds". Netherlands. doi:10.1016/j.fusengdes.2016.06.038.
@article{osti_1416201,
title = {Wetting properties of liquid lithium on lithium compounds},
author = {Krat, S. A. and Popkov, A. S. and Gasparyan, Yu. M. and Pisarev, A. A. and Fiflis, Peter and Szott, Matthew and Christenson, Michael and Kalathiparambil, Kishor and Ruzic, David N.},
abstractNote = {},
doi = {10.1016/j.fusengdes.2016.06.038},
journal = {Fusion Engineering and Design},
number = C,
volume = 117,
place = {Netherlands},
year = {Sat Apr 01 00:00:00 EDT 2017},
month = {Sat Apr 01 00:00:00 EDT 2017}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record at 10.1016/j.fusengdes.2016.06.038

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  • Cited by 5
  • Lithium metal is an ultimate anode material to provide the highest energy density for a given cathode by providing a higher capacity and cell voltage. However, lithium is not used as the anode in commercial lithium-ion batteries because electrochemical dendrite formation and growth during charge can induce a cell short circuit that ignites the flammable liquid electrolyte. Plating of lithium through a bed of Li 3N particles is shown to transform dendrite growth into a 3D lithium network formed by wetting the particle surfaces; plating through a Li 3N particle is without dendrite nucleation. The Li 3N particles create amore » higher overpotential during Li deposition than that with dendrite growth in galvanostatic charge/discharge tests. The characteristic overpotential increase is correlated with the morphological changes and a more isotropic growth behavior. The Li 3N-modified Li electrode shows a stable cycling performance at 0.5 and 1.0 mA cm -2 for more than 100 cycles. In this paper, the origin of the bonding responsible for wetting of the Li 3N particles by lithium and for plating through a Li 3N particle is discussed.« less
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  • The wetting of oxides increases with the increase of electroconductivity. The wetting of carbides is determined by s-d interaction. The wetting of borides by liquid copper was studied st 1100 to 1400 deg C and correlated with other properties. (R.V.J.)
  • Polyethylene propylene films of various molecular weights, which would normally wet native-oxide-covered Si surfaces, were observed to dewet the surface when the film thickness became less than the polymer radius of gyration. These films could be made to wet either by increasing the annealing temperature or by chemically modifying the surface. The results are shown to be consistent with an expression for the spreading parameter that incorporates a stretching free energy term for the polymer chains. Measurements of the diffusion constant of the polymer on the silica surface indicated that an activation energy was required to desorb the polymer segmentsmore » from the surface before diffusion could occur.« less
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