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Title: Environmental, Economic, and Scalability Considerations and Trends of Selected Fuel Economy-Enhancing Biomass-Derived Blendstocks

Abstract

24 biomass-derived compounds and mixtures, identified based on their physical properties, that could be blended into fuels to improve spark ignition engine fuel economy were assessed for their economic, technology readiness, and environmental viability. These bio-blendstocks were modeled to be produced biochemically, thermochemically, or through hybrid processes. To carry out the assessment, 17 metrics were developed for which each bio-blendstock was determined to be favorable, neutral, or unfavorable. Cellulosic ethanol was included as a reference case. Overall, bio-blendstock yields in biochemical processes were lower than in thermochemical processes, in which all biomass, including lignin, is converted to a product. Bio-blendstock yields were a key determinant in overall viability. Key knowledge gaps included the degree of purity needed for use as a bio-blendstock as compared to a chemical. Less stringent purification requirements for fuels could cut processing costs and environmental impacts. Additionally, more information is needed on the blendability of many of these bio-blendstocks with gasoline to support the technology readiness evaluation. Overall, the technology to produce many of these blendstocks from biomass is emerging and as it matures, these assessments must be revisited. Importantly, considering economic, environmental, and technology readiness factors in addition to physical properties of blendstocks that couldmore » be used to boost fuel economy can help spotlight those most likely to be viable in the near term.« less

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [2];  [3];  [1];  [1];  [2]; ORCiD logo [2];  [2];  [2];  [2]; ORCiD logo [2];  [3];  [3];  [3];  [3];  [4]
  1. Systems Assessment Group, Energy Systems Division, Argonne National Laboratory, 9700 S. Cass Avenue, Argonne, Illinois 60439, United States
  2. National Bioenergy Center, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, 15013 Denver West Parkway, Golden, Colorado 80401, United States
  3. Energy Processes and Materials Division, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, 902 Battelle Boulevard, Richland, Washington 99352, United States
  4. Bioenergy Technologies Group, Idaho National Laboratory, 2525 N. Fremont Avenue, Idaho Falls, Idaho 83415, United States
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States); Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States); Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); Idaho National Lab. (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Bioenergy Technologies Office (EE-3B); USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Vehicle Technologies Office (EE-3V)
OSTI Identifier:
1415690
Report Number(s):
NREL/JA-5100-69028; PNNL-SA-128002; INL/JOU-17-42921
Journal ID: ISSN 2168-0485; BM0102060
DOE Contract Number:  
AC02-06CH11357; AC36-08GO28308; AC05-76RL01830; AC07-05ID14517
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering; Journal Volume: 6; Journal Issue: 1
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
techno economic analysis; life cycle analysis; biofuels

Citation Formats

Dunn, Jennifer B., Biddy, Mary, Jones, Susanne, Cai, Hao, Benavides, Pahola Thathiana, Markham, Jennifer, Tao, Ling, Tan, Eric, Kinchin, Christopher, Davis, Ryan, Dutta, Abhijit, Bearden, Mark, Clayton, Christopher, Phillips, Steven, Rappé, Kenneth, and Lamers, Patrick. Environmental, Economic, and Scalability Considerations and Trends of Selected Fuel Economy-Enhancing Biomass-Derived Blendstocks. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1021/acssuschemeng.7b02871.
Dunn, Jennifer B., Biddy, Mary, Jones, Susanne, Cai, Hao, Benavides, Pahola Thathiana, Markham, Jennifer, Tao, Ling, Tan, Eric, Kinchin, Christopher, Davis, Ryan, Dutta, Abhijit, Bearden, Mark, Clayton, Christopher, Phillips, Steven, Rappé, Kenneth, & Lamers, Patrick. Environmental, Economic, and Scalability Considerations and Trends of Selected Fuel Economy-Enhancing Biomass-Derived Blendstocks. United States. doi:10.1021/acssuschemeng.7b02871.
Dunn, Jennifer B., Biddy, Mary, Jones, Susanne, Cai, Hao, Benavides, Pahola Thathiana, Markham, Jennifer, Tao, Ling, Tan, Eric, Kinchin, Christopher, Davis, Ryan, Dutta, Abhijit, Bearden, Mark, Clayton, Christopher, Phillips, Steven, Rappé, Kenneth, and Lamers, Patrick. Mon . "Environmental, Economic, and Scalability Considerations and Trends of Selected Fuel Economy-Enhancing Biomass-Derived Blendstocks". United States. doi:10.1021/acssuschemeng.7b02871.
@article{osti_1415690,
title = {Environmental, Economic, and Scalability Considerations and Trends of Selected Fuel Economy-Enhancing Biomass-Derived Blendstocks},
author = {Dunn, Jennifer B. and Biddy, Mary and Jones, Susanne and Cai, Hao and Benavides, Pahola Thathiana and Markham, Jennifer and Tao, Ling and Tan, Eric and Kinchin, Christopher and Davis, Ryan and Dutta, Abhijit and Bearden, Mark and Clayton, Christopher and Phillips, Steven and Rappé, Kenneth and Lamers, Patrick},
abstractNote = {24 biomass-derived compounds and mixtures, identified based on their physical properties, that could be blended into fuels to improve spark ignition engine fuel economy were assessed for their economic, technology readiness, and environmental viability. These bio-blendstocks were modeled to be produced biochemically, thermochemically, or through hybrid processes. To carry out the assessment, 17 metrics were developed for which each bio-blendstock was determined to be favorable, neutral, or unfavorable. Cellulosic ethanol was included as a reference case. Overall, bio-blendstock yields in biochemical processes were lower than in thermochemical processes, in which all biomass, including lignin, is converted to a product. Bio-blendstock yields were a key determinant in overall viability. Key knowledge gaps included the degree of purity needed for use as a bio-blendstock as compared to a chemical. Less stringent purification requirements for fuels could cut processing costs and environmental impacts. Additionally, more information is needed on the blendability of many of these bio-blendstocks with gasoline to support the technology readiness evaluation. Overall, the technology to produce many of these blendstocks from biomass is emerging and as it matures, these assessments must be revisited. Importantly, considering economic, environmental, and technology readiness factors in addition to physical properties of blendstocks that could be used to boost fuel economy can help spotlight those most likely to be viable in the near term.},
doi = {10.1021/acssuschemeng.7b02871},
journal = {ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering},
number = 1,
volume = 6,
place = {United States},
year = {Mon Oct 30 00:00:00 EDT 2017},
month = {Mon Oct 30 00:00:00 EDT 2017}
}