skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: A thorough assessment of China’s standard for energy consumption of buildings

; ; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Sponsoring Org.:
OSTI Identifier:
Grant/Contract Number:
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Publisher's Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Energy and Buildings
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 143; Journal Issue: C; Related Information: CHORUS Timestamp: 2018-01-04 18:11:41; Journal ID: ISSN 0378-7788
Country of Publication:

Citation Formats

Yan, Da, Hong, Tianzhen, Li, Cheng, Zhang, Qi, An, Jingjing, and Hu, Shan. A thorough assessment of China’s standard for energy consumption of buildings. Netherlands: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1016/j.enbuild.2017.03.019.
Yan, Da, Hong, Tianzhen, Li, Cheng, Zhang, Qi, An, Jingjing, & Hu, Shan. A thorough assessment of China’s standard for energy consumption of buildings. Netherlands. doi:10.1016/j.enbuild.2017.03.019.
Yan, Da, Hong, Tianzhen, Li, Cheng, Zhang, Qi, An, Jingjing, and Hu, Shan. Mon . "A thorough assessment of China’s standard for energy consumption of buildings". Netherlands. doi:10.1016/j.enbuild.2017.03.019.
title = {A thorough assessment of China’s standard for energy consumption of buildings},
author = {Yan, Da and Hong, Tianzhen and Li, Cheng and Zhang, Qi and An, Jingjing and Hu, Shan},
abstractNote = {},
doi = {10.1016/j.enbuild.2017.03.019},
journal = {Energy and Buildings},
number = C,
volume = 143,
place = {Netherlands},
year = {Mon May 01 00:00:00 EDT 2017},
month = {Mon May 01 00:00:00 EDT 2017}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record at 10.1016/j.enbuild.2017.03.019

Save / Share:
  • Cited by 3
  • As one of the most energy-, emission- and pollution-intensive industries, iron and steel production is responsible for significant emissions of greenhouse gas (GHG) and air pollutants. Although many energy-efficiency measures have been proposed by the Chinese government to mitigate GHG emissions and to improve air quality, lacking full understanding of the costs and benefits has created barriers against implementing these measures widely. This paper sets out to advance the understanding by addressing the knowledge gap in costs, benefits, and cost-effectiveness of energy-efficiency measures in iron and steel production. Specifically, we build a new evaluation framework to quantify energy benefits andmore » environmental benefits (i.e., CO 2 emission reduction, air-pollutants emission reduction and water savings) associated with 36 energy-efficiency measures. Results show that inclusion of benefits from CO 2 and air-pollutants emission reduction affects the cost-effectiveness of energy-efficiency measures significantly, while impacts from water-savings benefits are moderate but notable when compared to the effects by considering energy benefits alone. The new information resulted from this study should be used to augment future programs and efforts in reducing energy use and environmental impacts associated with steel production.« less
  • The industrial sector has accounted for more than 50% of China’s final energy consumption in the past 30 years. Understanding the future emissions and emissions mitigation opportunities depends on proper characterization of the present-day industrial energy use, as well as industrial demand drivers and technological opportunities in the future. Traditionally, however, integrated assessment research has handled the industrial sector of China in a highly aggregate form. In this study, we develop a technologically detailed, service-oriented representation of 11 industrial subsectors in China, and analyze a suite of scenarios of future industrial demand growth. We find that, due to anticipated saturationmore » of China’s per-capita demands of basic industrial goods, industrial energy demand and CO2 emissions approach a plateau between 2030 and 2040, then decrease gradually. Still, without emissions mitigation policies, the industrial sector remains heavily reliant on coal, and therefore emissions-intensive. With carbon prices, we observe some degree of industrial sector electrification, deployment of CCS at large industrial point sources of CO2 emissions at low carbon prices, an increase in the share of CHP systems at industrial facilities. These technological responses amount to reductions of industrial emissions (including indirect emission from electricity) are of 24% in 2050 and 66% in 2095.« less
  • The Carleton Board of Education is responsible for the operation of 56 elementary schools and 13 secondary schools. Energy conservation has become of prime importance due to the rising costs of heating fuels. The Board initiated a study of the energy-use patterns to establish a framework of data with which to work when making desisions about retrofitting and new construction. Data were compiled and reduced to units of kilowatt-hours per square meter per degree-day to make judgments concerning cost benefits, life-cycle costs, or payback periods for various systems or building retrofits. The monitoring system developed is discussed. Measures were putmore » into effect in existing buildings to cut down on energy use and guidelines were established for retrofits and new construction projects. New codes and standards, such as ASHRAE 90-75, provided additional guidelines. (MCW)« less
  • This paper presents the results of numerous commercial and residential building simulations, with the purpose of examining the impact of climate change on peak and annual building energy consumption over the portion of the Eastern Interconnection (EIC) located in the United States. The climate change scenario considered (IPCC A2 scenario as downscaled from the CASCaDE data set) has changes in mean climate characteristics as well as changes in the frequency and duration of intense weather events. This investigation examines building energy demand for three annual periods representative of climate trends in the CASCaDE data set at the beginning, middle, andmore » end of the century--2004, 2052, and 2089. Simulations were performed using the Building ENergy Demand (BEND) model which is a detailed simulation platform built around EnergyPlus. BEND was developed in collaboration with the Platform for Regional Integrated Modeling and Analysis (PRIMA), a modeling framework designed to simulate the complex interactions among climate, energy, water, and land at decision-relevant spatial scales. Over 26,000 building configurations of different types, sizes, vintages, and, characteristics which represent the population of buildings within the EIC, are modeled across the 3 EIC time zones using the future climate from 100 locations within the target region, resulting in nearly 180,000 spatially relevant simulated demand profiles for each of the 3 years. In this study, the building stock characteristics are held constant based on the 2005 building stock in order to isolate and present results that highlight the impact of the climate signal on commercial and residential energy demand. Results of this analysis compare well with other analyses at their finest level of specificity. This approach, however, provides a heretofore unprecedented level of specificity across multiple spectrums including spatial, temporal, and building characteristics. This capability enables the ability to perform detailed hourly impact studies of building adaptation and mitigation strategies on energy use and electricity peak demand within the context of the entire grid and economy.« less