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Title: Low-Temperature Combustion of High Octane Fuels in a Gasoline Compression Ignition Engine

Abstract

Gasoline Compression Ignition (GCI) has been shown as one of the advanced combustion concepts that could potentially provide a pathway to achieve cleaner and more efficient combustion engines. Fuel and air in GCI are not fully premixed as compared to homogeneous charge compression ignition (HCCI) which is a completely kinetic-controlled combustion system. Therefore, the combustion phasing can be controlled by the time of injection, usually post injection in a multiple-injection scheme, to mitigate combustion noise. Gasoline fuels ignite more difficult than Diesel. The autoignition quality of gasoline can be indicated by research octane number (RON). Fuels with high octane tend to have more resistance to auto-ignition, hence more time for fuel-air mixing. In this study, three fuels, namely, Aromatic, Alkylate, and E30, with similar RON value of 98 but different hydrocarbon compositions were tested in a multi-cylinder engine under GCI combustion mode. Considerations of EGR, start of injection (SOI), and boost were investigated to study the sensitivity of dilution, local stratification, and reactivity of the charge, respectively, for each fuel. Combustion phasing was kept constant during the experiments to the changes in ignition and combustion process before and after 50% of the fuel mass is burned. Emission characteristics at differentmore » levels of EGR and lambda were revealed for all fuels with E30 having the lowest filter smoke number (FSN) and was also most sensitive to the change in dilution. Reasonably low combustion noise (< 90 dB) and stable combustion (COVIMEP < 3%) were maintained during the experiments. The second part of this paper contains visualization of the combustion process obtained from endoscope imaging for each fuel at selected conditions. Soot radiation signal from GCI combustion were strong during late injection, and also more intense at low EGR conditions. Furthermore, soot/temperature profiles indicated only the high-temperature combustion period, while cylinder pressure-based heat release rate (HRR) showed a two-stage combustion phenomenon.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [2];  [2]
  1. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
  2. Lund Univ., Lund (Sweden)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Vehicle Technologies Office (EE-3V); USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Bioenergy Technologies Office (EE-3B)
OSTI Identifier:
1415476
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-06CH11357
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Frontiers in Mechanical Engineering
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 3; Journal ID: ISSN 2297-3079
Publisher:
Frontiers Research Foundation
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; 33 ADVANCED PROPULSION SYSTEMS; endoscope imaging; gasoline compression ignition; high octane; internal combustion engine

Citation Formats

Cung, Khanh Duc, Ciatti, Stephen Anthony, Tanov, Slavey, and Andersson, Oivind. Low-Temperature Combustion of High Octane Fuels in a Gasoline Compression Ignition Engine. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.3389/fmech.2017.00022.
Cung, Khanh Duc, Ciatti, Stephen Anthony, Tanov, Slavey, & Andersson, Oivind. Low-Temperature Combustion of High Octane Fuels in a Gasoline Compression Ignition Engine. United States. doi:10.3389/fmech.2017.00022.
Cung, Khanh Duc, Ciatti, Stephen Anthony, Tanov, Slavey, and Andersson, Oivind. Thu . "Low-Temperature Combustion of High Octane Fuels in a Gasoline Compression Ignition Engine". United States. doi:10.3389/fmech.2017.00022. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1415476.
@article{osti_1415476,
title = {Low-Temperature Combustion of High Octane Fuels in a Gasoline Compression Ignition Engine},
author = {Cung, Khanh Duc and Ciatti, Stephen Anthony and Tanov, Slavey and Andersson, Oivind},
abstractNote = {Gasoline Compression Ignition (GCI) has been shown as one of the advanced combustion concepts that could potentially provide a pathway to achieve cleaner and more efficient combustion engines. Fuel and air in GCI are not fully premixed as compared to homogeneous charge compression ignition (HCCI) which is a completely kinetic-controlled combustion system. Therefore, the combustion phasing can be controlled by the time of injection, usually post injection in a multiple-injection scheme, to mitigate combustion noise. Gasoline fuels ignite more difficult than Diesel. The autoignition quality of gasoline can be indicated by research octane number (RON). Fuels with high octane tend to have more resistance to auto-ignition, hence more time for fuel-air mixing. In this study, three fuels, namely, Aromatic, Alkylate, and E30, with similar RON value of 98 but different hydrocarbon compositions were tested in a multi-cylinder engine under GCI combustion mode. Considerations of EGR, start of injection (SOI), and boost were investigated to study the sensitivity of dilution, local stratification, and reactivity of the charge, respectively, for each fuel. Combustion phasing was kept constant during the experiments to the changes in ignition and combustion process before and after 50% of the fuel mass is burned. Emission characteristics at different levels of EGR and lambda were revealed for all fuels with E30 having the lowest filter smoke number (FSN) and was also most sensitive to the change in dilution. Reasonably low combustion noise (< 90 dB) and stable combustion (COVIMEP < 3%) were maintained during the experiments. The second part of this paper contains visualization of the combustion process obtained from endoscope imaging for each fuel at selected conditions. Soot radiation signal from GCI combustion were strong during late injection, and also more intense at low EGR conditions. Furthermore, soot/temperature profiles indicated only the high-temperature combustion period, while cylinder pressure-based heat release rate (HRR) showed a two-stage combustion phenomenon.},
doi = {10.3389/fmech.2017.00022},
journal = {Frontiers in Mechanical Engineering},
number = ,
volume = 3,
place = {United States},
year = {Thu Dec 21 00:00:00 EST 2017},
month = {Thu Dec 21 00:00:00 EST 2017}
}

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