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Title: Experimental studies on metallic fuel relocation in a single-pin core structure of a sodium-cooled fast reactor

Abstract

Experiments dropping molten uranium into test sections of single fuel pin geometry filled with sodium were conducted to investigate relocation behavior of metallic fuel in the core structures of sodium-cooled fast reactors during a hypothetical core disruptive accident. Metallic uranium was used as a fuel material and HT-9M was used as a fuel cladding material in the experiment in order to accurately mock-up the thermo-physical behavior of the relocation. The fuel cladding failed due to eutectic formation between the uranium and HT-9M for all experiments. The extent of the eutectic formation increased with increasing molten uranium temperature. Voids in the relocated fuel were observed for all experiments and were likely formed by sodium boiling in contact with the fuel. In one experiment, numerous fragments of the relocated fuel were found. In conclusion, it could be concluded that the injected metallic uranium fuel was fragmented and dispersed in the narrow coolant channel by sodium boiling

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1]
  1. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
KAERI (Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute); USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1415473
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-06CH11357
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nuclear Engineering and Design
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 322; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 0029-5493
Publisher:
Elsevier
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
21 SPECIFIC NUCLEAR REACTORS AND ASSOCIATED PLANTS; Eutectic Formation; Fragmentation; HCDA; Metal Fuel; Relocation; SFR

Citation Formats

Kim, Taeil, Harbaruk, Dzmitry, Gerardi, Craig, Farmer, Mitchell, and Chang, Yoon Il. Experimental studies on metallic fuel relocation in a single-pin core structure of a sodium-cooled fast reactor. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1016/j.nucengdes.2017.06.049.
Kim, Taeil, Harbaruk, Dzmitry, Gerardi, Craig, Farmer, Mitchell, & Chang, Yoon Il. Experimental studies on metallic fuel relocation in a single-pin core structure of a sodium-cooled fast reactor. United States. doi:10.1016/j.nucengdes.2017.06.049.
Kim, Taeil, Harbaruk, Dzmitry, Gerardi, Craig, Farmer, Mitchell, and Chang, Yoon Il. Mon . "Experimental studies on metallic fuel relocation in a single-pin core structure of a sodium-cooled fast reactor". United States. doi:10.1016/j.nucengdes.2017.06.049. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1415473.
@article{osti_1415473,
title = {Experimental studies on metallic fuel relocation in a single-pin core structure of a sodium-cooled fast reactor},
author = {Kim, Taeil and Harbaruk, Dzmitry and Gerardi, Craig and Farmer, Mitchell and Chang, Yoon Il},
abstractNote = {Experiments dropping molten uranium into test sections of single fuel pin geometry filled with sodium were conducted to investigate relocation behavior of metallic fuel in the core structures of sodium-cooled fast reactors during a hypothetical core disruptive accident. Metallic uranium was used as a fuel material and HT-9M was used as a fuel cladding material in the experiment in order to accurately mock-up the thermo-physical behavior of the relocation. The fuel cladding failed due to eutectic formation between the uranium and HT-9M for all experiments. The extent of the eutectic formation increased with increasing molten uranium temperature. Voids in the relocated fuel were observed for all experiments and were likely formed by sodium boiling in contact with the fuel. In one experiment, numerous fragments of the relocated fuel were found. In conclusion, it could be concluded that the injected metallic uranium fuel was fragmented and dispersed in the narrow coolant channel by sodium boiling},
doi = {10.1016/j.nucengdes.2017.06.049},
journal = {Nuclear Engineering and Design},
number = C,
volume = 322,
place = {United States},
year = {Mon Jul 10 00:00:00 EDT 2017},
month = {Mon Jul 10 00:00:00 EDT 2017}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
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Cited by: 1 work
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