skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Observation of topological nodal fermion semimetal phase in ZrSiS

Abstract

We present that unveiling new topological phases of matter is one of the current objectives in condensed matter physics. Recent experimental discoveries of Dirac and Weyl semimetals prompt the search for other exotic phases of matter. Here we present a systematic angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy study of ZrSiS, a prime topological nodal semimetal candidate. Our wider Brillouin zone (BZ) mapping shows multiple Fermi surface pockets such as the diamond-shaped Fermi surface, elliptical-shaped Fermi surface, and a small electron pocket encircling at the zone center (Γ) point, the M point, and the X point of the BZ, respectively. We experimentally establish the spinless nodal fermion semimetal phase in ZrSiS, which is supported by our first-principles calculations. Our findings evidence that the ZrSiS-type of material family is a new platform on which to explore exotic states of quantum matter; these materials are expected to provide an avenue for engineering two-dimensional topological insulator systems.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [1];  [2];  [3];  [4];  [2];  [1];  [1];  [5];  [5];  [4];  [3];  [2];  [6]
  1. Univ. of Central Florida, Orlando, FL (United States)
  2. Princeton Univ., NJ (United States)
  3. National Taiwan University (Taiwan)
  4. Institute of Low Temperature and Structure Research, Polish Academy of Sciences (Poland)
  5. Uppsala University (Sweden)
  6. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) Program
OSTI Identifier:
1415375
Report Number(s):
LA-UR-17-22209
Journal ID: ISSN 2469-9950; TRN: US1800777
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC52-06NA25396
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review B
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 93; Journal Issue: 20; Journal ID: ISSN 2469-9950
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY

Citation Formats

Neupane, Madhab, Belopolski, Ilya, Hosen, M. Mofazzel, Sanchez, Daniel S., Sankar, Raman, Szlawska, Maria, Xu, Su-Yang, Dimitri, Klauss, Dhakal, Nagendra, Maldonado, Pablo, Oppeneer, Peter M., Kaczorowski, Dariusz, Chou, Fangcheng, Hasan, M. Zahid, and Durakiewicz, Tomasz. Observation of topological nodal fermion semimetal phase in ZrSiS. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.93.201104.
Neupane, Madhab, Belopolski, Ilya, Hosen, M. Mofazzel, Sanchez, Daniel S., Sankar, Raman, Szlawska, Maria, Xu, Su-Yang, Dimitri, Klauss, Dhakal, Nagendra, Maldonado, Pablo, Oppeneer, Peter M., Kaczorowski, Dariusz, Chou, Fangcheng, Hasan, M. Zahid, & Durakiewicz, Tomasz. Observation of topological nodal fermion semimetal phase in ZrSiS. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.93.201104.
Neupane, Madhab, Belopolski, Ilya, Hosen, M. Mofazzel, Sanchez, Daniel S., Sankar, Raman, Szlawska, Maria, Xu, Su-Yang, Dimitri, Klauss, Dhakal, Nagendra, Maldonado, Pablo, Oppeneer, Peter M., Kaczorowski, Dariusz, Chou, Fangcheng, Hasan, M. Zahid, and Durakiewicz, Tomasz. Wed . "Observation of topological nodal fermion semimetal phase in ZrSiS". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.93.201104. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1415375.
@article{osti_1415375,
title = {Observation of topological nodal fermion semimetal phase in ZrSiS},
author = {Neupane, Madhab and Belopolski, Ilya and Hosen, M. Mofazzel and Sanchez, Daniel S. and Sankar, Raman and Szlawska, Maria and Xu, Su-Yang and Dimitri, Klauss and Dhakal, Nagendra and Maldonado, Pablo and Oppeneer, Peter M. and Kaczorowski, Dariusz and Chou, Fangcheng and Hasan, M. Zahid and Durakiewicz, Tomasz},
abstractNote = {We present that unveiling new topological phases of matter is one of the current objectives in condensed matter physics. Recent experimental discoveries of Dirac and Weyl semimetals prompt the search for other exotic phases of matter. Here we present a systematic angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy study of ZrSiS, a prime topological nodal semimetal candidate. Our wider Brillouin zone (BZ) mapping shows multiple Fermi surface pockets such as the diamond-shaped Fermi surface, elliptical-shaped Fermi surface, and a small electron pocket encircling at the zone center (Γ) point, the M point, and the X point of the BZ, respectively. We experimentally establish the spinless nodal fermion semimetal phase in ZrSiS, which is supported by our first-principles calculations. Our findings evidence that the ZrSiS-type of material family is a new platform on which to explore exotic states of quantum matter; these materials are expected to provide an avenue for engineering two-dimensional topological insulator systems.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevB.93.201104},
journal = {Physical Review B},
issn = {2469-9950},
number = 20,
volume = 93,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {5}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 121 works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Criteria for Directly Detecting Topological Fermi Arcs in Weyl Semimetals
journal, February 2016


Generalized Gradient Approximation Made Simple
journal, October 1996

  • Perdew, John P.; Burke, Kieron; Ernzerhof, Matthias
  • Physical Review Letters, Vol. 77, Issue 18, p. 3865-3868
  • DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.77.3865

Topological insulators and superconductors
journal, October 2011


Three-dimensional Dirac semimetal and quantum transport in Cd 3 As 2
journal, September 2013


Tunable line node semimetals
journal, September 2014


Topological nodal-line fermions in spin-orbit metal PbTaSe2
journal, February 2016

  • Bian, Guang; Chang, Tay-Rong; Sankar, Raman
  • Nature Communications, Vol. 7, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms10556

Classification of stable three-dimensional Dirac semimetals with nontrivial topology
journal, September 2014

  • Yang, Bohm-Jung; Nagaosa, Naoto
  • Nature Communications, Vol. 5, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms5898

Ab initio molecular dynamics for open-shell transition metals
journal, November 1993


Colloquium: Topological insulators
journal, November 2010


Observation of quantum-tunnelling-modulated spin texture in ultrathin topological insulator Bi2Se3 films
journal, May 2014

  • Neupane, Madhab; Richardella, Anthony; Sánchez-Barriga, Jaime
  • Nature Communications, Vol. 5, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms4841

Observation of a three-dimensional topological Dirac semimetal phase in high-mobility Cd3As2
journal, May 2014

  • Neupane, Madhab; Xu, Su-Yang; Sankar, Raman
  • Nature Communications, Vol. 5, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms4786

Efficient iterative schemes for ab initio total-energy calculations using a plane-wave basis set
journal, October 1996


From ultrasoft pseudopotentials to the projector augmented-wave method
journal, January 1999


Observation of a large-gap topological-insulator class with a single Dirac cone on the surface
journal, May 2009

  • Xia, Y.; Qian, D.; Hsieh, D.
  • Nature Physics, Vol. 5, Issue 6, p. 398-402
  • DOI: 10.1038/nphys1274

Weyl Semimetal in a Topological Insulator Multilayer
journal, September 2011


Surface electronic structure of the topological Kondo-insulator candidate correlated electron system SmB6
journal, December 2013

  • Neupane, M.; Alidoust, N.; Xu, S-Y.
  • Nature Communications, Vol. 4, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms3991

Two-dimensional oxide topological insulator with iron-pnictide superconductor LiFeAs structure
journal, November 2015


Chern Semimetal and the Quantized Anomalous Hall Effect in HgCr 2 Se 4
journal, October 2011


Topological Crystalline Insulators
journal, March 2011


Non-Kondo-like Electronic Structure in the Correlated Rare-Earth Hexaboride Y b B 6
journal, January 2015


Weyl Semimetal Phase in Noncentrosymmetric Transition-Metal Monophosphides
journal, March 2015


Discovery of a Weyl fermion semimetal and topological Fermi arcs
journal, July 2015


Topological node-line semimetal in three-dimensional graphene networks
journal, July 2015


Dirac Semimetals in Two Dimensions
journal, September 2015


Topological nodal semimetals
journal, December 2011


Experimental Discovery of Weyl Semimetal TaAs
journal, July 2015


Main Group Element Size and Substitution Effects on the Structural Dimensionality of Zirconium Tellurides of the ZrSiS Type
journal, October 1995

  • Wang, Chwanchin; Hughbanks, Timothy
  • Inorganic Chemistry, Vol. 34, Issue 22
  • DOI: 10.1021/ic00126a024

Strong Anisotropy of Dirac Cones in SrMnBi2 and CaMnBi2 Revealed by Angle-Resolved Photoemission Spectroscopy
journal, June 2014

  • Feng, Ya; Wang, Zhijun; Chen, Chaoyu
  • Scientific Reports, Vol. 4, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/srep05385

Dirac Line Nodes in Inversion-Symmetric Crystals
journal, July 2015


Topological insulators, topological superconductors and Weyl fermion semimetals: discoveries, perspectives and outlooks
journal, September 2015


Anisotropic Dirac Fermions in a Bi Square Net of SrMnBi 2
journal, September 2011


A new form of Ca 3 P 2 with a ring of Dirac nodes
journal, August 2015

  • Xie, Lilia S.; Schoop, Leslie M.; Seibel, Elizabeth M.
  • APL Materials, Vol. 3, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4926545

Topological semimetal and Fermi-arc surface states in the electronic structure of pyrochlore iridates
journal, May 2011


Anisotropic Dirac electronic structures of A MnBi 2 ( A = Sr ,Ca)
journal, June 2013


A Weyl Fermion semimetal with surface Fermi arcs in the transition metal monopnictide TaAs class
journal, June 2015

  • Huang, Shin-Ming; Xu, Su-Yang; Belopolski, Ilya
  • Nature Communications, Vol. 6, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms8373

    Works referencing / citing this record:

    Dirac nodal lines protected against spin-orbit interaction in IrO 2
    journal, June 2019


    Screening topological materials with a CsCl-type structure in crystallographic databases
    journal, June 2019


    Topological semimetal features in the multiferroic hexagonal manganites
    journal, June 2019


    Dirac nodal lines protected against spin-orbit interaction in IrO 2
    journal, June 2019


    Topological semimetal features in the multiferroic hexagonal manganites
    journal, June 2019


    Screening topological materials with a CsCl-type structure in crystallographic databases
    journal, June 2019