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Title: Integration of uncooled scraper elements and its diagnostics into Wendelstein 7-X

Abstract

The modular stellarator Wendelstein 7-X in Greifswald (Germany) successfully started operation in 2015 with short pulse limiter plasmas. In 2017, the next operation phase (OP) OP1.2 will start once 10 uncooled test divertor units (TDU) with graphite armor will be installed. The TDUs allow for plasma pulses of 10 s with 8 MW heating. OP2, allowing for steady state operation, is planned for 2020 after the TDUs will be replaced by 10 water cooled CFC armored divertors. Due to the development of plasma currents like bootstrap currents in long pulse plasmas in OP2, the plasma could hit the edge of the divertor targets which has a reduced cooling capacity compared to the central part of the target tiles. To prevent overloading of these edges, a so-called scraper element can be positioned in front of the divertor, intersecting those strike lines that would otherwise hit the divertor edges. As a result, these edges are protected but as a drawback the pumping efficiency of neutrals is also reduced. As a test an uncooled scraper element with graphite tiles will be placed in two out of ten half modules in OP1.2. A decision to install ten water cooled scraper elements for OP2 ismore » pending on the results of this test in OP1.2. To monitor the impact of the scraper element on the plasma, Langmuir probes are integrated in the plasma facing surface, and a neutral gas manometer measures the neutral density directly behind the plasma facing surface. Moreover, IR and VIS cameras observe the plasma facing surface and thermocouples monitor the temperatures of the graphite tiles and underlying support structure. This paper describes the integration of the scraper element and its diagnostics in Wendelstein 7-X.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [2];  [3];  [3];  [3];  [4];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [2];  [2];  [2];  [2]
  1. Max Planck Inst. for Plasmaphysik, Greifswald (Germany)
  2. Princeton Plasma Physics Lab. (PPPL), Princeton, NJ (United States)
  3. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
  4. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC); USDOE Office of Science (SC). Fusion Energy Sciences (FES) (SC-24)
OSTI Identifier:
1414695
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1430005
Report Number(s):
LA-UR-17-27939
Journal ID: ISSN 0920-3796; TRN: US1800709
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC05-00OR22725; 633053; AC52-06NA25396
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Fusion Engineering and Design
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 124; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 0920-3796
Publisher:
Elsevier
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; Wendelstein 7-X; strike lines; heat loads; scraper element; Langmuir probes; neutral gas manometer; Magnetic Fusion Energy

Citation Formats

Fellinger, Joris, Loesser, Doug, Neilson, Hutch, Lumsdaine, Arnie, McGinnis, Dean, Lore, Jeremy, Wurden, Glen, Wendorf, Jörg, Klose, Sören, Wenzel, Uwe, Grosser, Klaus, Rummel, Kerstin, Hölbe, Hauke, Pedersen, Thomas Sunn, Mitchell, John, Sibilia, Marc, Zhang, Han, and Titus, Peter. Integration of uncooled scraper elements and its diagnostics into Wendelstein 7-X. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1016/j.fusengdes.2017.05.115.
Fellinger, Joris, Loesser, Doug, Neilson, Hutch, Lumsdaine, Arnie, McGinnis, Dean, Lore, Jeremy, Wurden, Glen, Wendorf, Jörg, Klose, Sören, Wenzel, Uwe, Grosser, Klaus, Rummel, Kerstin, Hölbe, Hauke, Pedersen, Thomas Sunn, Mitchell, John, Sibilia, Marc, Zhang, Han, & Titus, Peter. Integration of uncooled scraper elements and its diagnostics into Wendelstein 7-X. United States. doi:10.1016/j.fusengdes.2017.05.115.
Fellinger, Joris, Loesser, Doug, Neilson, Hutch, Lumsdaine, Arnie, McGinnis, Dean, Lore, Jeremy, Wurden, Glen, Wendorf, Jörg, Klose, Sören, Wenzel, Uwe, Grosser, Klaus, Rummel, Kerstin, Hölbe, Hauke, Pedersen, Thomas Sunn, Mitchell, John, Sibilia, Marc, Zhang, Han, and Titus, Peter. Tue . "Integration of uncooled scraper elements and its diagnostics into Wendelstein 7-X". United States. doi:10.1016/j.fusengdes.2017.05.115. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1414695.
@article{osti_1414695,
title = {Integration of uncooled scraper elements and its diagnostics into Wendelstein 7-X},
author = {Fellinger, Joris and Loesser, Doug and Neilson, Hutch and Lumsdaine, Arnie and McGinnis, Dean and Lore, Jeremy and Wurden, Glen and Wendorf, Jörg and Klose, Sören and Wenzel, Uwe and Grosser, Klaus and Rummel, Kerstin and Hölbe, Hauke and Pedersen, Thomas Sunn and Mitchell, John and Sibilia, Marc and Zhang, Han and Titus, Peter},
abstractNote = {The modular stellarator Wendelstein 7-X in Greifswald (Germany) successfully started operation in 2015 with short pulse limiter plasmas. In 2017, the next operation phase (OP) OP1.2 will start once 10 uncooled test divertor units (TDU) with graphite armor will be installed. The TDUs allow for plasma pulses of 10 s with 8 MW heating. OP2, allowing for steady state operation, is planned for 2020 after the TDUs will be replaced by 10 water cooled CFC armored divertors. Due to the development of plasma currents like bootstrap currents in long pulse plasmas in OP2, the plasma could hit the edge of the divertor targets which has a reduced cooling capacity compared to the central part of the target tiles. To prevent overloading of these edges, a so-called scraper element can be positioned in front of the divertor, intersecting those strike lines that would otherwise hit the divertor edges. As a result, these edges are protected but as a drawback the pumping efficiency of neutrals is also reduced. As a test an uncooled scraper element with graphite tiles will be placed in two out of ten half modules in OP1.2. A decision to install ten water cooled scraper elements for OP2 is pending on the results of this test in OP1.2. To monitor the impact of the scraper element on the plasma, Langmuir probes are integrated in the plasma facing surface, and a neutral gas manometer measures the neutral density directly behind the plasma facing surface. Moreover, IR and VIS cameras observe the plasma facing surface and thermocouples monitor the temperatures of the graphite tiles and underlying support structure. This paper describes the integration of the scraper element and its diagnostics in Wendelstein 7-X.},
doi = {10.1016/j.fusengdes.2017.05.115},
journal = {Fusion Engineering and Design},
number = C,
volume = 124,
place = {United States},
year = {Tue Aug 08 00:00:00 EDT 2017},
month = {Tue Aug 08 00:00:00 EDT 2017}
}

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