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Title: An automated lab-scale flue gas permeation membrane testing system at the National Carbon Capture Center

Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1414013
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Publisher's Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Membrane Science
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 533; Journal Issue: C; Related Information: CHORUS Timestamp: 2017-12-19 06:48:30; Journal ID: ISSN 0376-7388
Publisher:
Elsevier
Country of Publication:
Netherlands
Language:
English

Citation Formats

Kusuma, Victor A., Venna, Surendar R., Wickramanayake, Shan, Dahe, Ganpat J., Myers, Christina R., O’Connor, John, Resnik, Kevin P., Anthony, Justin H., and Hopkinson, David. An automated lab-scale flue gas permeation membrane testing system at the National Carbon Capture Center. Netherlands: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1016/j.memsci.2017.02.051.
Kusuma, Victor A., Venna, Surendar R., Wickramanayake, Shan, Dahe, Ganpat J., Myers, Christina R., O’Connor, John, Resnik, Kevin P., Anthony, Justin H., & Hopkinson, David. An automated lab-scale flue gas permeation membrane testing system at the National Carbon Capture Center. Netherlands. doi:10.1016/j.memsci.2017.02.051.
Kusuma, Victor A., Venna, Surendar R., Wickramanayake, Shan, Dahe, Ganpat J., Myers, Christina R., O’Connor, John, Resnik, Kevin P., Anthony, Justin H., and Hopkinson, David. Sat . "An automated lab-scale flue gas permeation membrane testing system at the National Carbon Capture Center". Netherlands. doi:10.1016/j.memsci.2017.02.051.
@article{osti_1414013,
title = {An automated lab-scale flue gas permeation membrane testing system at the National Carbon Capture Center},
author = {Kusuma, Victor A. and Venna, Surendar R. and Wickramanayake, Shan and Dahe, Ganpat J. and Myers, Christina R. and O’Connor, John and Resnik, Kevin P. and Anthony, Justin H. and Hopkinson, David},
abstractNote = {},
doi = {10.1016/j.memsci.2017.02.051},
journal = {Journal of Membrane Science},
number = C,
volume = 533,
place = {Netherlands},
year = {Sat Jul 01 00:00:00 EDT 2017},
month = {Sat Jul 01 00:00:00 EDT 2017}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record at 10.1016/j.memsci.2017.02.051

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 1work
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

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  • Cited by 19
  • In this study, a particularly energy intensive step in the conventional amine absorption process to remove carbon dioxide is solvent regeneration using a steam stripping column. An attractive alternative to reduce the energy requirement is gas pressurized stripping, in which a high pressure noncondensable gas is used to strip CO 2 off the rich solvent stream. The gas pressurized stripping column product, having CO 2 at high concentration and high partial pressure, can then be regenerated readily using membrane separation. In this study, we performed an energetic analysis in the form of total equivalent work and found that, for capturingmore » CO 2 from flue gas, this hybrid stripping process consumes 49% less energy compared to the base case conventional MEA absorption/steam stripping process. We also found the amount of membrane required in this process is much less than required for direct CO 2 capture from the flue gas: approximately 100-fold less than a previously published two-stage cross-flow scheme, mostly due to the more favorable pressure ratio and CO 2 concentration. There does exist a trade-off between energy consumption and required membrane area that is most strongly affected by the gas pressurized stripper operating pressure. While initial analysis looks promising from both an energy requirement and membrane unit capital cost, the viability of this hybrid process depends on the availability of advanced, next generation gas separation membranes to perform the stripping gas regeneration.« less
  • Abstract not provided.
  • Cited by 21
  • A low-pressure Carbon Filter Process (patent pending) is proposed to capture carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) from flue gas. This filter is filled with a low-cost carbonaceous sorbent, such as activated carbon or charcoal, which has a high affinity (and, hence, high capacity) to CO{sub 2} but not to nitrogen (N{sub 2}). This, in turn, leads to a high CO{sub 2}/N{sub 2} selectivity, especially at low pressures. The Carbon Filter Process proposed in this work can recover at least 90% of flue-gas CO{sub 2} of 90%+ purity at a fraction of the cost normally associated with the conventional amine absorption process.more » The Carbon Filter Process requires neither expensive materials nor flue-gas compression or refrigeration, and it is easy to heat integrate with an existing or grassroots power plant without affecting the cost of the produced electricity too much. An abundant supply of low-cost CO{sub 2} from electricity producers is good news for enhanced oil recovery (EOR) and enhanced coal-bed methane recovery (ECBMR) operators, because it will lead to higher oil and gas recovery rates in an environmentally sensitive manner. A CO{sub 2}-rich mixture that contains some nitrogen is much less expensive to separate from flue-gas than pure CO{sub 2}; therefore, mixed CO{sub 2}/N{sub 2}-EOR and CO{sub 2}/N{sub 2}-ECBMR methods are proposed to maximize the overall carbon capture and utilization efficiency.« less