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Title: Bulk properties of the medium produced in relativistic heavy-ion collisions from the beam energy scan program

Abstract

We present measurements of bulk properties of the matter produced in Au+Au collisions at $$\sqrt{s}$$$_ {NN}$$= 7.7, 11.5, 19.6, 27, and 39 GeV using identified hadrons (π ±, K ±, p, and $$\bar{p}$$) from the STAR experiment in the Beam Energy Scan (BES) Program at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC). Midrapidity (| y | < 0.1) results for multiplicity densities dN / dy, average transverse momenta $$\langle$$pT$$\rangle$$, and particle ratios are presented. The chemical and kinetic freeze-out dynamics at these energies are discussed and presented as a function of collision centrality and energy. These results constitute the systematic measurements of bulk properties of matter formed in heavy-ion collisions over a broad range of energy (or baryon chemical potential) at RHIC.

Authors:
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Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States). Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Nuclear Physics (NP) (SC-26)
Contributing Org.:
STAR Collaboration
OSTI Identifier:
1413928
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1399298
Report Number(s):
BNL-114454-2017-JA
Journal ID: ISSN 2469-9985; PRVCAN; R&D Project: PO 004; KB0202012; TRN: US1800589
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0012704
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review C
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 96; Journal Issue: 4; Journal ID: ISSN 2469-9985
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
73 NUCLEAR PHYSICS AND RADIATION PHYSICS; Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider

Citation Formats

Adamczyk, L., Adkins, J. K., Agakishiev, G., Aggarwal, M. M., Ahammed, Z., Ajitanand, N. N., Alekseev, I., Anderson, D. M., Aoyama, R., Aparin, A., Arkhipkin, D., Aschenauer, E. C., Ashraf, M. U., Attri, A., Averichev, G. S., Bai, X., Bairathi, V., Behera, A., Bellwied, R., Bhasin, A., Bhati, A. K., Bhattarai, P., Bielcik, J., Bielcikova, J., Bland, L. C., Bordyuzhin, I. G., Bouchet, J., Brandenburg, J. D., Brandin, A. V., Brown, D., Bunzarov, I., Butterworth, J., Caines, H., Calderón de la Barca Sánchez, M., Campbell, J. M., Cebra, D., Chakaberia, I., Chaloupka, P., Chang, Z., Chankova-Bunzarova, N., Chatterjee, A., Chattopadhyay, S., Chen, X., Chen, J. H., Chen, X., Cheng, J., Cherney, M., Christie, W., Contin, G., Crawford, H. J., Das, S., De Silva, L. C., Debbe, R. R., Dedovich, T. G., Deng, J., Derevschikov, A. A., Didenko, L., Dilks, C., Dong, X., Drachenberg, J. L., Draper, J. E., Dunkelberger, L. E., Dunlop, J. C., Efimov, L. G., Elsey, N., Engelage, J., Eppley, G., Esha, R., Esumi, S., Evdokimov, O., Ewigleben, J., Eyser, O., Fatemi, R., Fazio, S., Federic, P., Federicova, P., Fedorisin, J., Feng, Z., Filip, P., Finch, E., Fisyak, Y., Flores, C. E., Fulek, L., Gagliardi, C. A., Garand, D., Geurts, F., Gibson, A., Girard, M., Grosnick, D., Gunarathne, D. S., Guo, Y., Gupta, A., Gupta, S., Guryn, W., Hamad, A. I., Hamed, A., Harlenderova, A., Harris, J. W., He, L., Heppelmann, S., Heppelmann, S., Hirsch, A., Hoffmann, G. W., Horvat, S., Huang, T., Huang, B., Huang, X., Huang, H. Z., Humanic, T. J., Huo, P., Igo, G., Jacobs, W. W., Jentsch, A., Jia, J., Jiang, K., Jowzaee, S., Judd, E. G., Kabana, S., Kalinkin, D., Kang, K., Kauder, K., Ke, H. W., Keane, D., Kechechyan, A., Khan, Z., Kikoła, D. P., Kisel, I., Kisiel, A., Kochenda, L., Kocmanek, M., Kollegger, T., Kosarzewski, L. K., Kraishan, A. F., Kravtsov, P., Krueger, K., Kulathunga, N., Kumar, L., Kvapil, J., Kwasizur, J. H., Lacey, R., Landgraf, J. M., Landry, K. D., Lauret, J., Lebedev, A., Lednicky, R., Lee, J. H., Li, X., Li, C., Li, W., Li, Y., Lidrych, J., Lin, T., Lisa, M. A., Liu, H., Liu, P., Liu, Y., Liu, F., Ljubicic, T., Llope, W. J., Lomnitz, M., Longacre, R. S., Luo, S., Luo, X., Ma, G. L., Ma, L., Ma, Y. G., Ma, R., Magdy, N., Majka, R., Mallick, D., Margetis, S., Markert, C., Matis, H. S., Meehan, K., Mei, J. C., Miller, Z. W., Minaev, N. G., Mioduszewski, S., Mishra, D., Mizuno, S., Mohanty, B., Mondal, M. M., Morozov, D. A., Mustafa, M. K., Nasim, Md., Nayak, T. K., Nelson, J. M., Nie, M., Nigmatkulov, G., Niida, T., Nogach, L. V., Nonaka, T., Nurushev, S. B., Odyniec, G., Ogawa, A., Oh, K., Okorokov, V. A., Olvitt, D., Page, B. S., Pak, R., Pandit, Y., Panebratsev, Y., Pawlik, B., Pei, H., Perkins, C., Pile, P., Pluta, J., Poniatowska, K., Porter, J., Posik, M., Poskanzer, A. M., Pruthi, N. K., Przybycien, M., Putschke, J., Qiu, H., Quintero, A., Ramachandran, S., Ray, R. L., Reed, R., Rehbein, M. J., Ritter, H. G., Roberts, J. B., Rogachevskiy, O. V., Romero, J. L., Roth, J. D., Ruan, L., Rusnak, J., Rusnakova, O., Sahoo, N. R., Sahu, P. K., Salur, S., Sandweiss, J., Saur, M., Schambach, J., Schmah, A. M., Schmidke, W. B., Schmitz, N., Schweid, B. R., Seger, J., Sergeeva, M., Seyboth, P., Shah, N., Shahaliev, E., Shanmuganathan, P. V., Shao, M., Sharma, A., Sharma, M. K., Shen, W. Q., Shi, Z., Shi, S. S., Shou, Q. Y., Sichtermann, E. P., Sikora, R., Simko, M., Singha, S., Skoby, M. J., Smirnov, N., Smirnov, D., Solyst, W., Song, L., Sorensen, P., Spinka, H. M., Srivastava, B., Stanislaus, T. D. S., Strikhanov, M., Stringfellow, B., Sugiura, T., Sumbera, M., Summa, B., Sun, Y., Sun, X. M., Sun, X., Surrow, B., Svirida, D. N., Tang, A. H., Tang, Z., Taranenko, A., Tarnowsky, T., Tawfik, A., Thäder, J., Thomas, J. H., Timmins, A. R., Tlusty, D., Todoroki, T., Tokarev, M., Trentalange, S., Tribble, R. E., Tribedy, P., Tripathy, S. K., Trzeciak, B. A., Tsai, O. D., Ullrich, T., Underwood, D. G., Upsal, I., Van Buren, G., van Nieuwenhuizen, G., Vasiliev, A. N., Videbæk, F., Vokal, S., Voloshin, S. A., Vossen, A., Wang, G., Wang, Y., Wang, F., Wang, Y., Webb, J. C., Webb, G., Wen, L., Westfall, G. D., Wieman, H., Wissink, S. W., Witt, R., Wu, Y., Xiao, Z. G., Xie, W., Xie, G., Xu, J., Xu, N., Xu, Q. H., Xu, Y. F., Xu, Z., Yang, Y., Yang, Q., Yang, C., Yang, S., Ye, Z., Ye, Z., Yi, L., Yip, K., Yoo, I. -K., Yu, N., Zbroszczyk, H., Zha, W., Zhang, Z., Zhang, X. P., Zhang, J. B., Zhang, S., Zhang, J., Zhang, Y., Zhang, J., Zhang, S., Zhao, J., Zhong, C., Zhou, L., Zhou, C., Zhu, X., Zhu, Z., and Zyzak, M.. Bulk properties of the medium produced in relativistic heavy-ion collisions from the beam energy scan program. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevC.96.044904.
Adamczyk, L., Adkins, J. K., Agakishiev, G., Aggarwal, M. M., Ahammed, Z., Ajitanand, N. N., Alekseev, I., Anderson, D. M., Aoyama, R., Aparin, A., Arkhipkin, D., Aschenauer, E. C., Ashraf, M. U., Attri, A., Averichev, G. S., Bai, X., Bairathi, V., Behera, A., Bellwied, R., Bhasin, A., Bhati, A. K., Bhattarai, P., Bielcik, J., Bielcikova, J., Bland, L. C., Bordyuzhin, I. G., Bouchet, J., Brandenburg, J. D., Brandin, A. V., Brown, D., Bunzarov, I., Butterworth, J., Caines, H., Calderón de la Barca Sánchez, M., Campbell, J. M., Cebra, D., Chakaberia, I., Chaloupka, P., Chang, Z., Chankova-Bunzarova, N., Chatterjee, A., Chattopadhyay, S., Chen, X., Chen, J. H., Chen, X., Cheng, J., Cherney, M., Christie, W., Contin, G., Crawford, H. J., Das, S., De Silva, L. C., Debbe, R. R., Dedovich, T. G., Deng, J., Derevschikov, A. A., Didenko, L., Dilks, C., Dong, X., Drachenberg, J. L., Draper, J. E., Dunkelberger, L. E., Dunlop, J. C., Efimov, L. G., Elsey, N., Engelage, J., Eppley, G., Esha, R., Esumi, S., Evdokimov, O., Ewigleben, J., Eyser, O., Fatemi, R., Fazio, S., Federic, P., Federicova, P., Fedorisin, J., Feng, Z., Filip, P., Finch, E., Fisyak, Y., Flores, C. E., Fulek, L., Gagliardi, C. A., Garand, D., Geurts, F., Gibson, A., Girard, M., Grosnick, D., Gunarathne, D. S., Guo, Y., Gupta, A., Gupta, S., Guryn, W., Hamad, A. I., Hamed, A., Harlenderova, A., Harris, J. W., He, L., Heppelmann, S., Heppelmann, S., Hirsch, A., Hoffmann, G. W., Horvat, S., Huang, T., Huang, B., Huang, X., Huang, H. Z., Humanic, T. J., Huo, P., Igo, G., Jacobs, W. W., Jentsch, A., Jia, J., Jiang, K., Jowzaee, S., Judd, E. G., Kabana, S., Kalinkin, D., Kang, K., Kauder, K., Ke, H. W., Keane, D., Kechechyan, A., Khan, Z., Kikoła, D. P., Kisel, I., Kisiel, A., Kochenda, L., Kocmanek, M., Kollegger, T., Kosarzewski, L. K., Kraishan, A. F., Kravtsov, P., Krueger, K., Kulathunga, N., Kumar, L., Kvapil, J., Kwasizur, J. H., Lacey, R., Landgraf, J. M., Landry, K. D., Lauret, J., Lebedev, A., Lednicky, R., Lee, J. H., Li, X., Li, C., Li, W., Li, Y., Lidrych, J., Lin, T., Lisa, M. A., Liu, H., Liu, P., Liu, Y., Liu, F., Ljubicic, T., Llope, W. J., Lomnitz, M., Longacre, R. S., Luo, S., Luo, X., Ma, G. L., Ma, L., Ma, Y. G., Ma, R., Magdy, N., Majka, R., Mallick, D., Margetis, S., Markert, C., Matis, H. S., Meehan, K., Mei, J. C., Miller, Z. W., Minaev, N. G., Mioduszewski, S., Mishra, D., Mizuno, S., Mohanty, B., Mondal, M. M., Morozov, D. A., Mustafa, M. K., Nasim, Md., Nayak, T. K., Nelson, J. M., Nie, M., Nigmatkulov, G., Niida, T., Nogach, L. V., Nonaka, T., Nurushev, S. B., Odyniec, G., Ogawa, A., Oh, K., Okorokov, V. A., Olvitt, D., Page, B. S., Pak, R., Pandit, Y., Panebratsev, Y., Pawlik, B., Pei, H., Perkins, C., Pile, P., Pluta, J., Poniatowska, K., Porter, J., Posik, M., Poskanzer, A. M., Pruthi, N. K., Przybycien, M., Putschke, J., Qiu, H., Quintero, A., Ramachandran, S., Ray, R. L., Reed, R., Rehbein, M. J., Ritter, H. G., Roberts, J. B., Rogachevskiy, O. V., Romero, J. L., Roth, J. D., Ruan, L., Rusnak, J., Rusnakova, O., Sahoo, N. R., Sahu, P. K., Salur, S., Sandweiss, J., Saur, M., Schambach, J., Schmah, A. M., Schmidke, W. B., Schmitz, N., Schweid, B. R., Seger, J., Sergeeva, M., Seyboth, P., Shah, N., Shahaliev, E., Shanmuganathan, P. V., Shao, M., Sharma, A., Sharma, M. K., Shen, W. Q., Shi, Z., Shi, S. S., Shou, Q. Y., Sichtermann, E. P., Sikora, R., Simko, M., Singha, S., Skoby, M. J., Smirnov, N., Smirnov, D., Solyst, W., Song, L., Sorensen, P., Spinka, H. M., Srivastava, B., Stanislaus, T. D. S., Strikhanov, M., Stringfellow, B., Sugiura, T., Sumbera, M., Summa, B., Sun, Y., Sun, X. M., Sun, X., Surrow, B., Svirida, D. N., Tang, A. H., Tang, Z., Taranenko, A., Tarnowsky, T., Tawfik, A., Thäder, J., Thomas, J. H., Timmins, A. R., Tlusty, D., Todoroki, T., Tokarev, M., Trentalange, S., Tribble, R. E., Tribedy, P., Tripathy, S. K., Trzeciak, B. A., Tsai, O. D., Ullrich, T., Underwood, D. G., Upsal, I., Van Buren, G., van Nieuwenhuizen, G., Vasiliev, A. N., Videbæk, F., Vokal, S., Voloshin, S. A., Vossen, A., Wang, G., Wang, Y., Wang, F., Wang, Y., Webb, J. C., Webb, G., Wen, L., Westfall, G. D., Wieman, H., Wissink, S. W., Witt, R., Wu, Y., Xiao, Z. G., Xie, W., Xie, G., Xu, J., Xu, N., Xu, Q. H., Xu, Y. F., Xu, Z., Yang, Y., Yang, Q., Yang, C., Yang, S., Ye, Z., Ye, Z., Yi, L., Yip, K., Yoo, I. -K., Yu, N., Zbroszczyk, H., Zha, W., Zhang, Z., Zhang, X. P., Zhang, J. B., Zhang, S., Zhang, J., Zhang, Y., Zhang, J., Zhang, S., Zhao, J., Zhong, C., Zhou, L., Zhou, C., Zhu, X., Zhu, Z., & Zyzak, M.. Bulk properties of the medium produced in relativistic heavy-ion collisions from the beam energy scan program. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevC.96.044904.
Adamczyk, L., Adkins, J. K., Agakishiev, G., Aggarwal, M. M., Ahammed, Z., Ajitanand, N. N., Alekseev, I., Anderson, D. M., Aoyama, R., Aparin, A., Arkhipkin, D., Aschenauer, E. C., Ashraf, M. U., Attri, A., Averichev, G. S., Bai, X., Bairathi, V., Behera, A., Bellwied, R., Bhasin, A., Bhati, A. K., Bhattarai, P., Bielcik, J., Bielcikova, J., Bland, L. C., Bordyuzhin, I. G., Bouchet, J., Brandenburg, J. D., Brandin, A. V., Brown, D., Bunzarov, I., Butterworth, J., Caines, H., Calderón de la Barca Sánchez, M., Campbell, J. M., Cebra, D., Chakaberia, I., Chaloupka, P., Chang, Z., Chankova-Bunzarova, N., Chatterjee, A., Chattopadhyay, S., Chen, X., Chen, J. H., Chen, X., Cheng, J., Cherney, M., Christie, W., Contin, G., Crawford, H. J., Das, S., De Silva, L. C., Debbe, R. R., Dedovich, T. G., Deng, J., Derevschikov, A. A., Didenko, L., Dilks, C., Dong, X., Drachenberg, J. L., Draper, J. E., Dunkelberger, L. E., Dunlop, J. C., Efimov, L. G., Elsey, N., Engelage, J., Eppley, G., Esha, R., Esumi, S., Evdokimov, O., Ewigleben, J., Eyser, O., Fatemi, R., Fazio, S., Federic, P., Federicova, P., Fedorisin, J., Feng, Z., Filip, P., Finch, E., Fisyak, Y., Flores, C. E., Fulek, L., Gagliardi, C. A., Garand, D., Geurts, F., Gibson, A., Girard, M., Grosnick, D., Gunarathne, D. S., Guo, Y., Gupta, A., Gupta, S., Guryn, W., Hamad, A. I., Hamed, A., Harlenderova, A., Harris, J. W., He, L., Heppelmann, S., Heppelmann, S., Hirsch, A., Hoffmann, G. W., Horvat, S., Huang, T., Huang, B., Huang, X., Huang, H. Z., Humanic, T. J., Huo, P., Igo, G., Jacobs, W. W., Jentsch, A., Jia, J., Jiang, K., Jowzaee, S., Judd, E. G., Kabana, S., Kalinkin, D., Kang, K., Kauder, K., Ke, H. W., Keane, D., Kechechyan, A., Khan, Z., Kikoła, D. P., Kisel, I., Kisiel, A., Kochenda, L., Kocmanek, M., Kollegger, T., Kosarzewski, L. K., Kraishan, A. F., Kravtsov, P., Krueger, K., Kulathunga, N., Kumar, L., Kvapil, J., Kwasizur, J. H., Lacey, R., Landgraf, J. M., Landry, K. D., Lauret, J., Lebedev, A., Lednicky, R., Lee, J. H., Li, X., Li, C., Li, W., Li, Y., Lidrych, J., Lin, T., Lisa, M. A., Liu, H., Liu, P., Liu, Y., Liu, F., Ljubicic, T., Llope, W. J., Lomnitz, M., Longacre, R. S., Luo, S., Luo, X., Ma, G. L., Ma, L., Ma, Y. G., Ma, R., Magdy, N., Majka, R., Mallick, D., Margetis, S., Markert, C., Matis, H. S., Meehan, K., Mei, J. C., Miller, Z. W., Minaev, N. G., Mioduszewski, S., Mishra, D., Mizuno, S., Mohanty, B., Mondal, M. M., Morozov, D. A., Mustafa, M. K., Nasim, Md., Nayak, T. K., Nelson, J. M., Nie, M., Nigmatkulov, G., Niida, T., Nogach, L. V., Nonaka, T., Nurushev, S. B., Odyniec, G., Ogawa, A., Oh, K., Okorokov, V. A., Olvitt, D., Page, B. S., Pak, R., Pandit, Y., Panebratsev, Y., Pawlik, B., Pei, H., Perkins, C., Pile, P., Pluta, J., Poniatowska, K., Porter, J., Posik, M., Poskanzer, A. M., Pruthi, N. K., Przybycien, M., Putschke, J., Qiu, H., Quintero, A., Ramachandran, S., Ray, R. L., Reed, R., Rehbein, M. J., Ritter, H. G., Roberts, J. B., Rogachevskiy, O. V., Romero, J. L., Roth, J. D., Ruan, L., Rusnak, J., Rusnakova, O., Sahoo, N. R., Sahu, P. K., Salur, S., Sandweiss, J., Saur, M., Schambach, J., Schmah, A. M., Schmidke, W. B., Schmitz, N., Schweid, B. R., Seger, J., Sergeeva, M., Seyboth, P., Shah, N., Shahaliev, E., Shanmuganathan, P. V., Shao, M., Sharma, A., Sharma, M. K., Shen, W. Q., Shi, Z., Shi, S. S., Shou, Q. Y., Sichtermann, E. P., Sikora, R., Simko, M., Singha, S., Skoby, M. J., Smirnov, N., Smirnov, D., Solyst, W., Song, L., Sorensen, P., Spinka, H. M., Srivastava, B., Stanislaus, T. D. S., Strikhanov, M., Stringfellow, B., Sugiura, T., Sumbera, M., Summa, B., Sun, Y., Sun, X. M., Sun, X., Surrow, B., Svirida, D. N., Tang, A. H., Tang, Z., Taranenko, A., Tarnowsky, T., Tawfik, A., Thäder, J., Thomas, J. H., Timmins, A. R., Tlusty, D., Todoroki, T., Tokarev, M., Trentalange, S., Tribble, R. E., Tribedy, P., Tripathy, S. K., Trzeciak, B. A., Tsai, O. D., Ullrich, T., Underwood, D. G., Upsal, I., Van Buren, G., van Nieuwenhuizen, G., Vasiliev, A. N., Videbæk, F., Vokal, S., Voloshin, S. A., Vossen, A., Wang, G., Wang, Y., Wang, F., Wang, Y., Webb, J. C., Webb, G., Wen, L., Westfall, G. D., Wieman, H., Wissink, S. W., Witt, R., Wu, Y., Xiao, Z. G., Xie, W., Xie, G., Xu, J., Xu, N., Xu, Q. H., Xu, Y. F., Xu, Z., Yang, Y., Yang, Q., Yang, C., Yang, S., Ye, Z., Ye, Z., Yi, L., Yip, K., Yoo, I. -K., Yu, N., Zbroszczyk, H., Zha, W., Zhang, Z., Zhang, X. P., Zhang, J. B., Zhang, S., Zhang, J., Zhang, Y., Zhang, J., Zhang, S., Zhao, J., Zhong, C., Zhou, L., Zhou, C., Zhu, X., Zhu, Z., and Zyzak, M.. Fri . "Bulk properties of the medium produced in relativistic heavy-ion collisions from the beam energy scan program". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevC.96.044904.
@article{osti_1413928,
title = {Bulk properties of the medium produced in relativistic heavy-ion collisions from the beam energy scan program},
author = {Adamczyk, L. and Adkins, J. K. and Agakishiev, G. and Aggarwal, M. M. and Ahammed, Z. and Ajitanand, N. N. and Alekseev, I. and Anderson, D. M. and Aoyama, R. and Aparin, A. and Arkhipkin, D. and Aschenauer, E. C. and Ashraf, M. U. and Attri, A. and Averichev, G. S. and Bai, X. and Bairathi, V. and Behera, A. and Bellwied, R. and Bhasin, A. and Bhati, A. K. and Bhattarai, P. and Bielcik, J. and Bielcikova, J. and Bland, L. C. and Bordyuzhin, I. G. and Bouchet, J. and Brandenburg, J. D. and Brandin, A. V. and Brown, D. and Bunzarov, I. and Butterworth, J. and Caines, H. and Calderón de la Barca Sánchez, M. and Campbell, J. M. and Cebra, D. and Chakaberia, I. and Chaloupka, P. and Chang, Z. and Chankova-Bunzarova, N. and Chatterjee, A. and Chattopadhyay, S. and Chen, X. and Chen, J. H. and Chen, X. and Cheng, J. and Cherney, M. and Christie, W. and Contin, G. and Crawford, H. J. and Das, S. and De Silva, L. C. and Debbe, R. R. and Dedovich, T. G. and Deng, J. and Derevschikov, A. A. and Didenko, L. and Dilks, C. and Dong, X. and Drachenberg, J. L. and Draper, J. E. and Dunkelberger, L. E. and Dunlop, J. C. and Efimov, L. G. and Elsey, N. and Engelage, J. and Eppley, G. and Esha, R. and Esumi, S. and Evdokimov, O. and Ewigleben, J. and Eyser, O. and Fatemi, R. and Fazio, S. and Federic, P. and Federicova, P. and Fedorisin, J. and Feng, Z. and Filip, P. and Finch, E. and Fisyak, Y. and Flores, C. E. and Fulek, L. and Gagliardi, C. A. and Garand, D. and Geurts, F. and Gibson, A. and Girard, M. and Grosnick, D. and Gunarathne, D. S. and Guo, Y. and Gupta, A. and Gupta, S. and Guryn, W. and Hamad, A. I. and Hamed, A. and Harlenderova, A. and Harris, J. W. and He, L. and Heppelmann, S. and Heppelmann, S. and Hirsch, A. and Hoffmann, G. W. and Horvat, S. and Huang, T. and Huang, B. and Huang, X. and Huang, H. Z. and Humanic, T. J. and Huo, P. and Igo, G. and Jacobs, W. W. and Jentsch, A. and Jia, J. and Jiang, K. and Jowzaee, S. and Judd, E. G. and Kabana, S. and Kalinkin, D. and Kang, K. and Kauder, K. and Ke, H. W. and Keane, D. and Kechechyan, A. and Khan, Z. and Kikoła, D. P. and Kisel, I. and Kisiel, A. and Kochenda, L. and Kocmanek, M. and Kollegger, T. and Kosarzewski, L. K. and Kraishan, A. F. and Kravtsov, P. and Krueger, K. and Kulathunga, N. and Kumar, L. and Kvapil, J. and Kwasizur, J. H. and Lacey, R. and Landgraf, J. M. and Landry, K. D. and Lauret, J. and Lebedev, A. and Lednicky, R. and Lee, J. H. and Li, X. and Li, C. and Li, W. and Li, Y. and Lidrych, J. and Lin, T. and Lisa, M. A. and Liu, H. and Liu, P. and Liu, Y. and Liu, F. and Ljubicic, T. and Llope, W. J. and Lomnitz, M. and Longacre, R. S. and Luo, S. and Luo, X. and Ma, G. L. and Ma, L. and Ma, Y. G. and Ma, R. and Magdy, N. and Majka, R. and Mallick, D. and Margetis, S. and Markert, C. and Matis, H. S. and Meehan, K. and Mei, J. C. and Miller, Z. W. and Minaev, N. 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G. and Upsal, I. and Van Buren, G. and van Nieuwenhuizen, G. and Vasiliev, A. N. and Videbæk, F. and Vokal, S. and Voloshin, S. A. and Vossen, A. and Wang, G. and Wang, Y. and Wang, F. and Wang, Y. and Webb, J. C. and Webb, G. and Wen, L. and Westfall, G. D. and Wieman, H. and Wissink, S. W. and Witt, R. and Wu, Y. and Xiao, Z. G. and Xie, W. and Xie, G. and Xu, J. and Xu, N. and Xu, Q. H. and Xu, Y. F. and Xu, Z. and Yang, Y. and Yang, Q. and Yang, C. and Yang, S. and Ye, Z. and Ye, Z. and Yi, L. and Yip, K. and Yoo, I. -K. and Yu, N. and Zbroszczyk, H. and Zha, W. and Zhang, Z. and Zhang, X. P. and Zhang, J. B. and Zhang, S. and Zhang, J. and Zhang, Y. and Zhang, J. and Zhang, S. and Zhao, J. and Zhong, C. and Zhou, L. and Zhou, C. and Zhu, X. and Zhu, Z. and Zyzak, M.},
abstractNote = {We present measurements of bulk properties of the matter produced in Au+Au collisions at $\sqrt{s}$$_ {NN}$= 7.7, 11.5, 19.6, 27, and 39 GeV using identified hadrons (π±, K±, p, and $\bar{p}$) from the STAR experiment in the Beam Energy Scan (BES) Program at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC). Midrapidity (| y | < 0.1) results for multiplicity densities dN / dy, average transverse momenta $\langle$pT$\rangle$, and particle ratios are presented. The chemical and kinetic freeze-out dynamics at these energies are discussed and presented as a function of collision centrality and energy. These results constitute the systematic measurements of bulk properties of matter formed in heavy-ion collisions over a broad range of energy (or baryon chemical potential) at RHIC.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevC.96.044904},
journal = {Physical Review C},
number = 4,
volume = 96,
place = {United States},
year = {Fri Oct 13 00:00:00 EDT 2017},
month = {Fri Oct 13 00:00:00 EDT 2017}
}

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