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Title: The compression behavior of blödite at low and high temperature up to ∼10 GPa: Implications for the stability of hydrous sulfates on icy planetary bodies

Authors:
ORCiD logo; ORCiD logo; ; ;
Publication Date:
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1413535
Grant/Contract Number:
SC0001057; DEFG02-94ER14466; AC02-06CH11357
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Publisher's Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Icarus
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 285; Journal Issue: C; Related Information: CHORUS Timestamp: 2017-12-15 01:47:39; Journal ID: ISSN 0019-1035
Publisher:
Elsevier
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English

Citation Formats

Comodi, Paola, Stagno, Vincenzo, Zucchini, Azzurra, Fei, Yingwei, and Prakapenka, Vitali. The compression behavior of blödite at low and high temperature up to ∼10 GPa: Implications for the stability of hydrous sulfates on icy planetary bodies. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1016/j.icarus.2016.11.032.
Comodi, Paola, Stagno, Vincenzo, Zucchini, Azzurra, Fei, Yingwei, & Prakapenka, Vitali. The compression behavior of blödite at low and high temperature up to ∼10 GPa: Implications for the stability of hydrous sulfates on icy planetary bodies. United States. doi:10.1016/j.icarus.2016.11.032.
Comodi, Paola, Stagno, Vincenzo, Zucchini, Azzurra, Fei, Yingwei, and Prakapenka, Vitali. Wed . "The compression behavior of blödite at low and high temperature up to ∼10 GPa: Implications for the stability of hydrous sulfates on icy planetary bodies". United States. doi:10.1016/j.icarus.2016.11.032.
@article{osti_1413535,
title = {The compression behavior of blödite at low and high temperature up to ∼10 GPa: Implications for the stability of hydrous sulfates on icy planetary bodies},
author = {Comodi, Paola and Stagno, Vincenzo and Zucchini, Azzurra and Fei, Yingwei and Prakapenka, Vitali},
abstractNote = {},
doi = {10.1016/j.icarus.2016.11.032},
journal = {Icarus},
number = C,
volume = 285,
place = {United States},
year = {Wed Mar 01 00:00:00 EST 2017},
month = {Wed Mar 01 00:00:00 EST 2017}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record at 10.1016/j.icarus.2016.11.032

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  • Recent satellite inferences of hydrous sulfates as recurrent minerals on the surface of icy planetary bodies link with the potential mineral composition of their interior. Blödite, a mixed Mg-Na sulfate, is here taken as representative mineral of icy satellites surface to investigate its crystal structure and stability at conditions of the interior of icy bodies. To this aim we performed in situ synchrotron angle-dispersive X-ray powder diffraction experiments on natural blödite at pressures up to ~10.4 GPa and temperatures from ~118.8 K to ~490.0 K using diamond anvil cell technique to investigate the compression behavior and establish a low-to-high temperaturemore » equation of state that can be used as reference when modeling the interior of sulfate-rich icy satellites such as Ganymede.« less
  • Recent satellite inferences of hydrous sulfates as recurrent minerals on the surface of icy planetary bodies link with the potential mineral composition of their interior. Blödite, a mixed Mg-Na sulfate, is here taken as representative mineral of icy satellites surface to investigate its crystal structure and stability at conditions of the interior of icy bodies. To this aim we performed in situ synchrotron angle-dispersive X-ray powder diffraction experiments on natural blödite at pressures up to ~10.4 GPa and temperatures from ~118.8 K to ~490.0 K using diamond anvil cell technique to investigate the compression behavior and establish a low-to-high temperaturemore » equation of state that can be used as reference when modeling the interior of sulfate-rich icy satellites such as Ganymede. The experimentally determined volume expansivity, α, varies from 7.6 (7) 10 -5 K -1 at 0.0001 GPa (from 118.8 to 413.15 K) to 2.6 (3) 10 -5 K -1 at 10 GPa (from 313.0 to 453.0 K) with a δα/δ P coefficient = -5.6(9)10 -6 GPa -1 K -1. The bulk modulus calculated from the least squares fitting of P-V data on the isotherm at 413 K using a second-order Birch - Murnaghan equation of state is 38(5) GPa, which gives the value of δK/δ T equal to 0.01(5) GPa K -1. The thermo-baric behavior of blödite appears strongly anisotropic with c lattice parameter being more deformed with respect to a and b. Thermogravimetric analyses performed at ambient pressure showed three endotherms at 413 K, 533 K and 973 K with weight losses of approximately 11%, 11% and 43% caused by partial dehydration, full dehydration and sulfate decomposition respectively. Interestingly, no clear evidence of dehydration was observed up to ~453 K and ~10.4 GPa, suggesting that pressure acts to stabilize the crystalline structure of blödite. The data collected allow to write the following equation of state, V(P, T) = V 0[1 + 7.6(7)10 - 5ΔT - 0.026(3)P - 5.6(9)10 - 6PΔT-6.6(9)10 - 6PΔT)] from which the density of blödite can be determined at conditions of the mantle of the large icy satellites of Jupiter. Blödite has higher density, bulk modulus and thermal stability than similar hydrous sulfates (e.g. mirabilite and epsomite) implying, therefore, a different contribution of these minerals to the extent of deep oceans in icy planets and their distribution over the local geotherms.« less
  • The equations of state (pressure-volume relations) for WC and WC-6%Co have been determined by synchrotron x-ray diffraction measurements on polycrystalline powder samples loaded in a diamond anvil cell as well as by ultrasonic measurements on hot-pressed polycrystalline, cylindrical samples loaded in a multianvil high-pressure apparatus. The third-order Birch-Murnaghan equation of state fitted to the x-ray diffraction pressure-density sets of data, collected up to 50 GPa, yields ambient pressure isothermal bulk moduli of K{sub oT} = 411.8{+-}12.1 GPa and K{sub oT} = 402.4{+-}14.1 GPa, with pressure derivatives of K{sub oT}' = 5.45{+-}0.73 and K{sub oT}' = 7.50{+-}0.86 for WC and WC-6%Co,more » respectively. The ultrasonic measurements, conducted up to 14 GPa, enabled the determination of the pressure dependences of both bulk and shear moduli. Using Eulerian finite strain equations to fit the ultrasonic data, we obtain for WC an ambient pressure adiabatic bulk modulus of K{sub os} = 383.8{+-}0.8 GPa, and K{sub os}' = 2.61{+-}0.07 for its pressure derivative, while values of G{sub os} = 304.0{+-}0.3 GPa and G{sub os}' = 1.50{+-}0.09 were determined for the shear modulus and its pressure derivative, respectively. Meanwhile, for WC-6%Co, we obtain K{sub os} = 357.5{+-}1.0 GPa, K{sub os}' = 5.18{+-}0.14, G{sub os} = 253.5{+-}0.3 GPa, and G{sub os}' = 1.09{+-}0.09. The equations of state derived from the ultrasonic data are in good agreement with extrapolated results reported previously by Day and Ruoff [J. Appl. Phys. 44, 2447 (1973)] and Gerlich and Kennedy [J. Appl. Phys. 50, 3331 (1978)] who carried out measurements up to 0.2 and 1.0 GPa, respectively.« less
  • Although it has previously been considered to be essentially anhydrous, Al-free stishovite can contain up to ~1.3 wt % of H2O, perhaps through the direct substitution ( math formula), according to recent studies. Yet the stability of such substitution and its impact on the properties of silica and rutile-structured hydrous phases (such as δ-AlOOH and phase H) are unknown at the conditions of the deeper mantle. We have synthesized hydrous and anhydrous Al-free stishovite samples at 723 K and 9 GPa, and 1473 K and 10 GPa, respectively. Synchrotron X-ray diffraction patterns show that the unit cell volume of hydrousmore » stishovite is 1.3% greater than that of anhydrous stishovite at 1 bar, suggesting significant incorporation of OH in the crystal structure (3.2 ± 0.5 wt % H2O). At 300 K, we found a lower and broader transition pressure from rutile type to CaCl2 type (28–42 GPa) in hydrous dense silica. We also found that hydrous silica polymorphs are more compressible than their anhydrous counterparts. After the phase transition, the unit cell volume of hydrous silica becomes the same as that of anhydrous silica, showing that the proton incorporation through a direct substitution can be further stabilized at high pressure. The lower pressure transition and the pressure stabilization of the proton incorporation in silica would provide ways to transport and store water in the lower mantle in silica-rich heterogeneities, such as subducted oceanic crust.« less