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Title: Volatile species of technetium and rhenium during waste vitrification

Abstract

Volatile loss of technetium (Tc) during vitrification of low-activity wastes is a technical challenge for treating and immobilizing the large volumes of radioactive and hazardous wastes stored at the U.S. Department of Energy's Hanford Site. There are various research efforts being pursued to develop technologies that can be implemented for cost effective management of Tc, including studies to understand the behavior of Tc during vitrification, with the goal of eventually increasing Tc retention in glass. Furthermore, one of these studies has focused on identifying the form or species of Tc and Re (surrogate for Tc) that evolve during the waste-to-glass conversion process. This information is important for understanding the mechanism of Tc volatilization. In this paper, available information collected from the literature is critically evaluated to clarify the volatile species of Tc and Re and, more specifically, whether they volatilize as alkali pertechnetate and perrhenate or as technetium and rhenium oxides after decomposition of alkali pertechnetate and perrhenate. The evaluated data ranged from mass spectrometric identification of species volatilized from pure and binary alkali pertechnetate and perrhenate salts to structural and chemical analyses of volatilized materials during crucible melting and scaled melter processing of simulated wastes.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [2]
  1. Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
  2. USDOE Office of River Protection, Richland, WA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1413468
Report Number(s):
PNNL-SA-129077
Journal ID: ISSN 0022-3093; PII: S0022309317305458; TRN: US1800435
Grant/Contract Number:
AC05-76RL01830
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 481; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 0022-3093
Publisher:
Elsevier
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
12 MANAGEMENT OF RADIOACTIVE AND NON-RADIOACTIVE WASTES FROM NUCLEAR FACILITIES; low-activity waste; vitrification; borosilicate glass; technetium; rhenium; volatilization

Citation Formats

Kim, Dongsang, and Kruger, Albert A. Volatile species of technetium and rhenium during waste vitrification. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1016/J.JNONCRYSOL.2017.10.013.
Kim, Dongsang, & Kruger, Albert A. Volatile species of technetium and rhenium during waste vitrification. United States. doi:10.1016/J.JNONCRYSOL.2017.10.013.
Kim, Dongsang, and Kruger, Albert A. Thu . "Volatile species of technetium and rhenium during waste vitrification". United States. doi:10.1016/J.JNONCRYSOL.2017.10.013.
@article{osti_1413468,
title = {Volatile species of technetium and rhenium during waste vitrification},
author = {Kim, Dongsang and Kruger, Albert A.},
abstractNote = {Volatile loss of technetium (Tc) during vitrification of low-activity wastes is a technical challenge for treating and immobilizing the large volumes of radioactive and hazardous wastes stored at the U.S. Department of Energy's Hanford Site. There are various research efforts being pursued to develop technologies that can be implemented for cost effective management of Tc, including studies to understand the behavior of Tc during vitrification, with the goal of eventually increasing Tc retention in glass. Furthermore, one of these studies has focused on identifying the form or species of Tc and Re (surrogate for Tc) that evolve during the waste-to-glass conversion process. This information is important for understanding the mechanism of Tc volatilization. In this paper, available information collected from the literature is critically evaluated to clarify the volatile species of Tc and Re and, more specifically, whether they volatilize as alkali pertechnetate and perrhenate or as technetium and rhenium oxides after decomposition of alkali pertechnetate and perrhenate. The evaluated data ranged from mass spectrometric identification of species volatilized from pure and binary alkali pertechnetate and perrhenate salts to structural and chemical analyses of volatilized materials during crucible melting and scaled melter processing of simulated wastes.},
doi = {10.1016/J.JNONCRYSOL.2017.10.013},
journal = {Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids},
number = C,
volume = 481,
place = {United States},
year = {Thu Oct 26 00:00:00 EDT 2017},
month = {Thu Oct 26 00:00:00 EDT 2017}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
This content will become publicly available on October 26, 2018
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