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Title: Chirped circular dielectric gratings for near-unity collection efficiency from quantum emitters in bulk diamond

Abstract

Effcient collection of fluorescence from nitrogen vacancy (NV) centers in diamond underlies the spin-dependent optical read-out that is necessary for quantum information processing and enhanced sensing applications. The optical collection effciency from NVs within diamond substrates is limited primarily due to the high refractive index of diamond and the non-directional dipole emission. Here we introduce a light collection strategy based on chirped, circular dielectric gratings that can be fabricated on a bulk diamond substrate to redirect an emitter’s far-field radiation pattern. Using a genetic optimization algorithm, these grating designs achieve 98.9% collection effciency for the NV zero-phonon emission line, collected from the back surface of the diamond with an objective of aperture 0.9. Across the broadband emission spectrum of the NV (600-800 nm), the chirped grating achieves 82.2% collection e ciency into a numerical aperture of 1.42, corresponding to an oil immersion objective again on the back side of the diamond. Our proposed bulk-dielectric grating structures are applicable to other optically active solid state quantum emitters in high index host materials.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [2];  [3];  [4];  [3]
  1. Columbia Univ., New York, NY (United States). Dept. of Electrical Engineering; Massachusetts Inst. of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, MA (United States). Dept. of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science
  2. rookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States). Center for Functional Nanomaterials (CFN)
  3. Massachusetts Inst. of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, MA (United States). Dept. of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science
  4. Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States). Center for Functional Nanomaterials (CFN)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22); US Department of the Navy, Office of Naval Research (ONR); National Aeronautic and Space Administration (NASA); National Science Foundation (NSF)
OSTI Identifier:
1413155
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1433983
Report Number(s):
BNL-203524-2018-JAAM
Journal ID: ISSN 1094-4087; OPEXFF
Grant/Contract Number:
SC0012704
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Published Article
Journal Name:
Optics Express
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 25; Journal Issue: 26; Journal ID: ISSN 1094-4087
Publisher:
Optical Society of America (OSA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
77 NANOSCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY; collection efficiency; grating; nitrogen vacancy center; quantum enhanced

Citation Formats

Zheng, Jiabao, Liapis, Andreas C., Chen, Edward H., Black, Charles T., and Englund, Dirk. Chirped circular dielectric gratings for near-unity collection efficiency from quantum emitters in bulk diamond. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1364/OE.25.032420.
Zheng, Jiabao, Liapis, Andreas C., Chen, Edward H., Black, Charles T., & Englund, Dirk. Chirped circular dielectric gratings for near-unity collection efficiency from quantum emitters in bulk diamond. United States. doi:10.1364/OE.25.032420.
Zheng, Jiabao, Liapis, Andreas C., Chen, Edward H., Black, Charles T., and Englund, Dirk. Wed . "Chirped circular dielectric gratings for near-unity collection efficiency from quantum emitters in bulk diamond". United States. doi:10.1364/OE.25.032420.
@article{osti_1413155,
title = {Chirped circular dielectric gratings for near-unity collection efficiency from quantum emitters in bulk diamond},
author = {Zheng, Jiabao and Liapis, Andreas C. and Chen, Edward H. and Black, Charles T. and Englund, Dirk},
abstractNote = {Effcient collection of fluorescence from nitrogen vacancy (NV) centers in diamond underlies the spin-dependent optical read-out that is necessary for quantum information processing and enhanced sensing applications. The optical collection effciency from NVs within diamond substrates is limited primarily due to the high refractive index of diamond and the non-directional dipole emission. Here we introduce a light collection strategy based on chirped, circular dielectric gratings that can be fabricated on a bulk diamond substrate to redirect an emitter’s far-field radiation pattern. Using a genetic optimization algorithm, these grating designs achieve 98.9% collection effciency for the NV zero-phonon emission line, collected from the back surface of the diamond with an objective of aperture 0.9. Across the broadband emission spectrum of the NV (600-800 nm), the chirped grating achieves 82.2% collection e ciency into a numerical aperture of 1.42, corresponding to an oil immersion objective again on the back side of the diamond. Our proposed bulk-dielectric grating structures are applicable to other optically active solid state quantum emitters in high index host materials.},
doi = {10.1364/OE.25.032420},
journal = {Optics Express},
number = 26,
volume = 25,
place = {United States},
year = {Wed Dec 13 00:00:00 EST 2017},
month = {Wed Dec 13 00:00:00 EST 2017}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record at 10.1364/OE.25.032420

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