skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Recommended Guidelines for NERC CIP Compliance for Synchrophasor Systems

Abstract

Compliance with the NERC requirements for Critical Infrastructure Protection (CIP) for synchrophasor systems in the Version 5 paradigm seems to be a matter of some uncertainty for those in the synchrophasor user community. This report aims to provide clarification and guidance in the form of case studies based on methods seen in the industry

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1]
  1. Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability (OE)
OSTI Identifier:
1411938
Report Number(s):
PNNL-27062
TE1101000
DOE Contract Number:
AC05-76RL01830
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
97 MATHEMATICS AND COMPUTING; synchrophasors

Citation Formats

Mix, Scott R., Kirkham, Harold, and Silverstein, Alison. Recommended Guidelines for NERC CIP Compliance for Synchrophasor Systems. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.2172/1411938.
Mix, Scott R., Kirkham, Harold, & Silverstein, Alison. Recommended Guidelines for NERC CIP Compliance for Synchrophasor Systems. United States. doi:10.2172/1411938.
Mix, Scott R., Kirkham, Harold, and Silverstein, Alison. 2017. "Recommended Guidelines for NERC CIP Compliance for Synchrophasor Systems". United States. doi:10.2172/1411938. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1411938.
@article{osti_1411938,
title = {Recommended Guidelines for NERC CIP Compliance for Synchrophasor Systems},
author = {Mix, Scott R. and Kirkham, Harold and Silverstein, Alison},
abstractNote = {Compliance with the NERC requirements for Critical Infrastructure Protection (CIP) for synchrophasor systems in the Version 5 paradigm seems to be a matter of some uncertainty for those in the synchrophasor user community. This report aims to provide clarification and guidance in the form of case studies based on methods seen in the industry},
doi = {10.2172/1411938},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = 2017,
month =
}

Technical Report:

Save / Share:
  • This document presents the test plan for testing reciprocating IC engines at natural gas transmission facilities. The testing effort consists of a combination of two industry funded research programs: (1) The Pipeline Research Committee (PRC)/Gas Research Institute (GRI) co-funded program entitled {open_quotes}Development of EMP Guidelines for IC Engine Parameter Monitoring Systems{close_quotes} managed by SECOR International Incorporated; and (2) The Gas Research Institute sponsored program entitled {open_quotes}Measurement of Air Toxics in Engine Exhaust{close_quotes} managed by Radian Corporation. Although these programs have different objectives, as detailed following, the programs share the need for rigorously conducted field testing of IC engines; often referredmore » to as engine {open_quotes}mapping{close_quotes}. Additionally, these programs compete for limited and qualified resources, hence the need and decision to cooperate in the field testing phase of each program.« less
  • The Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990 will require owners and operators of major sources emitting certain pollutants subject to enforceability and applicability thresholds to provide monitoring to demonstrate compliance with the applicable emissions limitations or standards. In response to these impending, if or if not uncertain, monitoring requirements, the PRC International (PRCI) and Gas Research Institute (GRI) co-funded a program entitled {open_quotes}Development of Enhanced Monitoring Protocol Guidelines for IC Engine Parameter Based Compliance Monitoring Systems{close_quotes} to provide the natural gas pipeline industry with technically credible documentation and guidelines that support the application of cost-effective compliance monitoring approaches, including Parametermore » Based Compliance Monitoring (PBCM), for IC reciprocating engines for which this is the final report. The program focused on the fundamental building blocks of a sufficient compliance monitoring plan including: control strategies, quality assurance/maintenance practices, engine parameter monitoring and an understanding of the relationship between engine emissions and those engine parameters. In support of the guideline development described above, the test team, consisting of members of Enginuity, AETC and ASSET, performed extensive field testing on seven different typical pipeline engines (two and four stroke cycle) collecting engine parameter and emissions data for a total of approximately 250 unique operating conditions. Third parties contributed an equal amount of data resulting in one of the most comprehensive data bases of engine parameters and emissions in the industry.« less
  • The US Environmental Protection Agency is providing background information that supports the use of Metro Machine Corporation`s (MMC) compliant all position enclosure (CAPE) plus air management system and regenerative thermal oxidizer (RTO) (CAPE + RTO System) as an alternative means of limiting the emissions of volatile organic hazardous air pollutants per volume of applied solids (nonvolatiles). This document also explains how the authors arrived at the operating, recordkeeping, and reporting conditions that MMC must meet for approval. The add-on control system they used consists of a pollution capture unit operation (CAPE) plus air management system and a destruction unit operationmore » (RTO). When operated according to the specified procedures, it will control emissions to a level no greater than that from using coatings which comply with the limits in Table 2 of 40 CFR Part 63, Subpart II.« less
  • The study provides recommendations on methods and procedures for use in the premining assessment of surface coal mine overburden. Topics addressed include: overburden drilling and sampling, parameters for predicting quality impact, laboratory methods for analyzing overburden, and procedures for greenhouse testing of overburden. The study is the second phase of a two-part program.
  • Practical guidelines for active underground mining in close proximity to water bodies are formulated. This was accomplished through systematic completion of three phases of study: (I) Collection and documentation of data, (II) Application of existing guidelines to case histories of previous inundations, and (III) Development of recommended guidelines for underground coal mining near bodies of water. Existing guidelines were categorized and classified, and then evaluated as to their effectiveness in precluding past inundations had they been in effect at the time of inrush. Advantages and disadvantages of existing guidelines were defined. Two levels of guidelines are presented; level I guidelinesmore » require little or no subsurface exploration on the part of the mine operator, while level II guidelines recommend various testing and investigative procedures to permit greatest possible mineral extraction.« less