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Title: The effect of gas-phase polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons on the formation and properties of biogenic secondary organic aerosol particles

Abstract

When secondary organic aerosol (SOA) particles are formed by ozonolysis in the presence of gas-phase polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), their formation and properties are significantly different from SOA particles formed without PAHs. For all SOA precursors and all PAHs, discussed in this study, the presence of the gas-phase PAHs during SOA formation significantly affects particle mass loadings, composition, growth, evaporation kinetics, and viscosity. SOA particles formed in the presence of PAHs have, as part of their compositions, trapped unreacted PAHs and products of heterogeneous reactions between PAHs and ozone. Compared to ‘pure’ SOA particles, these particles exhibit slower evaporation kinetics, have higher fractions of non-volatile components, like oligomers, and higher viscosities, assuring their longer atmospheric lifetimes. In turn, the increased viscosity and decreased volatility provide a shield that protects PAHs from chemical degradation and evaporation, allowing for the long-range transport of these toxic pollutants. The magnitude of the effect of PAHs on SOA formation is surprisingly large. The presence of PAHs during SOA formation increases mass loadings by factors of two to five, and particle number concentrations, in some cases, by more than a factor of 100. Increases in SOA mass, particle number concentrations, and lifetime have important implications tomore » many atmospheric processes related to climate, weather, visibility, and human health, all of which relate to the interactions between biogenic SOA and anthropogenic PAHs. The synergistic relationship between SOA and PAHs presented here are clearly complex and call for future research to elucidate further the underlying processes and their exact atmospheric implications.« less

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [2];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [3];  [4]
  1. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory; USA
  2. Imre Consulting; USA
  3. Department of Chemistry; Oregon State University; USA
  4. Department of Chemistry; Oregon State University; USA; Environmental and Molecular Toxicology; Oregon State University
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), Richland, WA (US), Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory (EMSL)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Biological and Environmental Research (BER) (SC-23); USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
OSTI Identifier:
1411922
Report Number(s):
PNNL-SA-123471
Journal ID: ISSN 1359-6640; FDISE6; 48913; KC0302020
DOE Contract Number:  
AC05-76RL01830
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Faraday Discussions
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 200; Journal ID: ISSN 1359-6640
Publisher:
Royal Society of Chemistry
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory

Citation Formats

Zelenyuk, Alla, Imre, Dan G., Wilson, Jacqueline, Bell, David M., Suski, Kaitlyn J., Shrivastava, Manish, Beránek, Josef, Alexander, M. Lizabeth, Kramer, Amber L., and Massey Simonich, Staci L. The effect of gas-phase polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons on the formation and properties of biogenic secondary organic aerosol particles. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1039/C7FD00032D.
Zelenyuk, Alla, Imre, Dan G., Wilson, Jacqueline, Bell, David M., Suski, Kaitlyn J., Shrivastava, Manish, Beránek, Josef, Alexander, M. Lizabeth, Kramer, Amber L., & Massey Simonich, Staci L. The effect of gas-phase polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons on the formation and properties of biogenic secondary organic aerosol particles. United States. doi:10.1039/C7FD00032D.
Zelenyuk, Alla, Imre, Dan G., Wilson, Jacqueline, Bell, David M., Suski, Kaitlyn J., Shrivastava, Manish, Beránek, Josef, Alexander, M. Lizabeth, Kramer, Amber L., and Massey Simonich, Staci L. Sun . "The effect of gas-phase polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons on the formation and properties of biogenic secondary organic aerosol particles". United States. doi:10.1039/C7FD00032D.
@article{osti_1411922,
title = {The effect of gas-phase polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons on the formation and properties of biogenic secondary organic aerosol particles},
author = {Zelenyuk, Alla and Imre, Dan G. and Wilson, Jacqueline and Bell, David M. and Suski, Kaitlyn J. and Shrivastava, Manish and Beránek, Josef and Alexander, M. Lizabeth and Kramer, Amber L. and Massey Simonich, Staci L.},
abstractNote = {When secondary organic aerosol (SOA) particles are formed by ozonolysis in the presence of gas-phase polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), their formation and properties are significantly different from SOA particles formed without PAHs. For all SOA precursors and all PAHs, discussed in this study, the presence of the gas-phase PAHs during SOA formation significantly affects particle mass loadings, composition, growth, evaporation kinetics, and viscosity. SOA particles formed in the presence of PAHs have, as part of their compositions, trapped unreacted PAHs and products of heterogeneous reactions between PAHs and ozone. Compared to ‘pure’ SOA particles, these particles exhibit slower evaporation kinetics, have higher fractions of non-volatile components, like oligomers, and higher viscosities, assuring their longer atmospheric lifetimes. In turn, the increased viscosity and decreased volatility provide a shield that protects PAHs from chemical degradation and evaporation, allowing for the long-range transport of these toxic pollutants. The magnitude of the effect of PAHs on SOA formation is surprisingly large. The presence of PAHs during SOA formation increases mass loadings by factors of two to five, and particle number concentrations, in some cases, by more than a factor of 100. Increases in SOA mass, particle number concentrations, and lifetime have important implications to many atmospheric processes related to climate, weather, visibility, and human health, all of which relate to the interactions between biogenic SOA and anthropogenic PAHs. The synergistic relationship between SOA and PAHs presented here are clearly complex and call for future research to elucidate further the underlying processes and their exact atmospheric implications.},
doi = {10.1039/C7FD00032D},
journal = {Faraday Discussions},
issn = {1359-6640},
number = ,
volume = 200,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {1}
}

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