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Title: Conversion of a wet waste feedstock to biocrude by hydrothermal processing in a continuous-flow reactor: grape pomace

Abstract

Wet waste feedstocks present an apt opportunity for biomass conversion to fuels by hydrothermal processing. In this study, grape pomace slurries from two varieties, Montepulciano and cabernet sauvignon, have been converted into a biocrude by hydrothermal liquefaction (HTL) in a bench-scale, continuous-flow reactor system. Carbon conversion to gravity-separable biocrude product up to 56 % was accomplished at relatively low temperature (350 C) in a pressurized (sub-critical liquid water) environment (20 MPa) when using grape pomace feedstock slurry with a 16.8 wt% concentration of dry solids processed at a liquid hourly space velocity of 2.1 h-1. Direct oil recovery was achieved without the use of a solvent and biomass trace mineral components were removed by processing steps so that they did not cause processing difficulties. In addition, catalytic hydrothermal gasification (CHG) was effectively applied for HTL byproduct water cleanup using a Ru on C catalyst in a fixed bed producing a gas composed of methane and carbon dioxide from water soluble organics. Conversion of 99.8% of the chemical oxygen demand (COD) left in the aqueous phase was demonstrated. As a result, high conversion of grape pomace to liquid and gas fuel products was found with residual organic contamination in byproduct watermore » reduced to <150 mg/kg COD.« less

Authors:
; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1411893
Report Number(s):
PNNL-SA-121004
Journal ID: ISSN 2190-6815; BM0102060
DOE Contract Number:  
AC05-76RL01830
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Biomass Conversion and Biorefinery
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 7; Journal Issue: 4; Journal ID: ISSN 2190-6815
Publisher:
Springer
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
12 MANAGEMENT OF RADIOACTIVE AND NON-RADIOACTIVE WASTES FROM NUCLEAR FACILITIES; hydrothermal liquefaction; catalyst; gasification; aqueous phase; grape pomace

Citation Formats

Elliott, Douglas C., Schmidt, Andrew J., Hart, Todd R., and Billing, Justin M. Conversion of a wet waste feedstock to biocrude by hydrothermal processing in a continuous-flow reactor: grape pomace. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1007/s13399-017-0264-8.
Elliott, Douglas C., Schmidt, Andrew J., Hart, Todd R., & Billing, Justin M. Conversion of a wet waste feedstock to biocrude by hydrothermal processing in a continuous-flow reactor: grape pomace. United States. doi:10.1007/s13399-017-0264-8.
Elliott, Douglas C., Schmidt, Andrew J., Hart, Todd R., and Billing, Justin M. Sat . "Conversion of a wet waste feedstock to biocrude by hydrothermal processing in a continuous-flow reactor: grape pomace". United States. doi:10.1007/s13399-017-0264-8.
@article{osti_1411893,
title = {Conversion of a wet waste feedstock to biocrude by hydrothermal processing in a continuous-flow reactor: grape pomace},
author = {Elliott, Douglas C. and Schmidt, Andrew J. and Hart, Todd R. and Billing, Justin M.},
abstractNote = {Wet waste feedstocks present an apt opportunity for biomass conversion to fuels by hydrothermal processing. In this study, grape pomace slurries from two varieties, Montepulciano and cabernet sauvignon, have been converted into a biocrude by hydrothermal liquefaction (HTL) in a bench-scale, continuous-flow reactor system. Carbon conversion to gravity-separable biocrude product up to 56 % was accomplished at relatively low temperature (350 C) in a pressurized (sub-critical liquid water) environment (20 MPa) when using grape pomace feedstock slurry with a 16.8 wt% concentration of dry solids processed at a liquid hourly space velocity of 2.1 h-1. Direct oil recovery was achieved without the use of a solvent and biomass trace mineral components were removed by processing steps so that they did not cause processing difficulties. In addition, catalytic hydrothermal gasification (CHG) was effectively applied for HTL byproduct water cleanup using a Ru on C catalyst in a fixed bed producing a gas composed of methane and carbon dioxide from water soluble organics. Conversion of 99.8% of the chemical oxygen demand (COD) left in the aqueous phase was demonstrated. As a result, high conversion of grape pomace to liquid and gas fuel products was found with residual organic contamination in byproduct water reduced to <150 mg/kg COD.},
doi = {10.1007/s13399-017-0264-8},
journal = {Biomass Conversion and Biorefinery},
issn = {2190-6815},
number = 4,
volume = 7,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {5}
}

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