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Title: Relationships among physical properties as indicators of high temperature deformation or post-shock thermal annealing in ordinary chondrites

Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1411494
Grant/Contract Number:
FG02-94ER14466; AC02-06CH11357
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Publisher's Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 203; Journal Issue: C; Related Information: CHORUS Timestamp: 2017-12-06 12:40:21; Journal ID: ISSN 0016-7037
Publisher:
Elsevier
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English

Citation Formats

Friedrich, Jon M., Ruzicka, Alex, Macke, Robert J., Thostenson, James O., Rudolph, Rebecca A., Rivers, Mark L., and Ebel, Denton S. Relationships among physical properties as indicators of high temperature deformation or post-shock thermal annealing in ordinary chondrites. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1016/j.gca.2016.12.039.
Friedrich, Jon M., Ruzicka, Alex, Macke, Robert J., Thostenson, James O., Rudolph, Rebecca A., Rivers, Mark L., & Ebel, Denton S. Relationships among physical properties as indicators of high temperature deformation or post-shock thermal annealing in ordinary chondrites. United States. doi:10.1016/j.gca.2016.12.039.
Friedrich, Jon M., Ruzicka, Alex, Macke, Robert J., Thostenson, James O., Rudolph, Rebecca A., Rivers, Mark L., and Ebel, Denton S. Sat . "Relationships among physical properties as indicators of high temperature deformation or post-shock thermal annealing in ordinary chondrites". United States. doi:10.1016/j.gca.2016.12.039.
@article{osti_1411494,
title = {Relationships among physical properties as indicators of high temperature deformation or post-shock thermal annealing in ordinary chondrites},
author = {Friedrich, Jon M. and Ruzicka, Alex and Macke, Robert J. and Thostenson, James O. and Rudolph, Rebecca A. and Rivers, Mark L. and Ebel, Denton S.},
abstractNote = {},
doi = {10.1016/j.gca.2016.12.039},
journal = {Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta},
number = C,
volume = 203,
place = {United States},
year = {Sat Apr 01 00:00:00 EDT 2017},
month = {Sat Apr 01 00:00:00 EDT 2017}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record at 10.1016/j.gca.2016.12.039

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 2works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

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  • Collisions and attendant shock compaction must have been important for the accretion and lithification of planetesimals, including the parent bodies of chondrites, but the conditions under which these occurred are not well constrained. A simple model for the compaction of chondrites predicts that shock intensity as recorded by shock stage should be related to porosity and grain fabric. To test this model, we studied sixteen ordinary chondrites of different groups (H, L, LL) using X-ray computed microtomography (μCT) to measure porosity and metal fabric, ideal gas pycnometry and 3D laser scanning to determine porosity, and optical microscopy (OM) to determinemore » shock stage. These included a subsample of six chondrites previously studied using transmission electron microscopy (TEM) to characterize microstructures in olivine. Combining with previous data, results support the simple model in general, but not for chondrites with low shock-porosity-foliation (low-SPF chondrites). These include Kernouvé (H6), Portales Valley (H6/7), Butsura (H6), Park (L6), GRO 85209 (L6), Estacado (H6), MIL 99301 (LL6), Spade (H6), and Queen’s Mercy (H6), among others. The data for these meteorites are best explained by high ambient heat during or after shock. Low-SPF chondrites tend to have older 40Ar/39Ar ages (~4435–4526 Ma) than other, non-low-SPF type 6 chondrites in this study. We conclude that the H, L, and LL asteroids all were shock-compacted at an early stage while warm, with collisions occurring during metamorphic heating of the parent bodies. Results ultimately bear on whether chondrite parent bodies have internal structures more akin to a metamorphosed onion shell or metamorphosed rubble pile, and on the nature of accretion and lithification processes for planetesimals.« less
  • Samples of four type 3 chondrites have been annealed at 400-850/sup 0/C and 0.77-1 kbar for 10-500 h in the presence of various amounts of water (0-10 wt.%) and sodium disilicate (0-2 molal) and their thermoluminescence properties measured. After annealing for > 20 h at temperatures > 600/sup 0/C, the TL sensitivity of the samples increased by factors of up to 40. After annealing at < 600/sup 0/C for 10-500 h, or relatively short periods at high temperatures (e.g., less than or equal to 20 h at 850/sup 0/C), the TL sensitivity of the samples decreased by up to 2more » orders of magnitude (depending on the original value). The TL peak temperatures observed in the present experiments are consistent with a low form of feldspar (the TL phosphor) being produced at < 800/sup 0/C and a high form being produced at > 800/sup 0/C. When both high and low forms were present originally, the low-form was destroyed preferentially. The authors suggest that these data are consistent with the TL-metamorphism trends observed in type > 3.2 chondrites, being due to the formation of feldspar by the devitrification of chondrule glass during metamorphism. For types < 3.2, the TL data are equally consistent with these types experiencing lower levels of metamorphism than the higher types, or with type 3.0 being produced from higher types by aqueous alteration. The presence of water with non-terrestrial D/H ratios, and petrographic evidence for aqueous alteration in Semarkona, lead to favoring the aqueous alteration hypothesis.« less
  • The induced thermoluminescene (TL) properties of 121 equilibrated ordinary chondrites have been measured. The samples were 74 H and 47 L chondrites, of which 33 H and 32 L were from Antarctica. The distribution of TL sensitivities for non-Antarctic L chondrites differs from that of non-Antarctic H chondrites, consistent with a greater proportion of the former class suffering post-metamorphic shock. Data on the effect of laboratory annealing on TL sensitivity, and step-wise Ar release measurements, enable the meteorites to be sorted into three shock-related temperature groups (<800{degree}C, 800-1000{degree}C, >1000{degree}C). The distribution of TL sensitivities of Antarctic meteorites suggests that onlymore » a few of the present samples have suffered intense shock. Antarctic H chondrites have TL sensitivities typically one third those of non-Antarctic H chondrites; this may reflect a greater proportion of meteorites which have suffered mild shock levels or greater degrees of weathering. On a diagram of TL leak temperature against peak width, L chondrites produce tight clusters with minimal overlap between Antarctic and non-Antarctic meteorites. Antarctic H chondrites also produce a tight cluster, but non-Antarctic chondrites plot in a band in which peak temperature increases with peak width, and there is little or no overlap between the Antarctic and non-Antarctic meteorites. Because TL peak temperature and width reflect the thermal history of the feldspar, and changes in these TL parameters can be produced by laboratory annealing experiments, this implies significant differences in the thermal (probably metamorphic) history of the Antarctic and non-Antarctic ordinary chondrites.« less
  • The abundances of Fe, Ni, Co, Au, Ir, Ga, As and Mg have been determined by instrumental neutron activation analysis in 38 type 3 ordinary chondrites (10 of which may be paired) and 15 equilibrated chondrites. Classification of type 3 ordinary chondrites into the H, L and LL classes using oxygen isotopes and parameters which reflect oxidation state (Fa and Fs in the olivine and pyroxene, and Co in kamacite) is difficult or impossible. Bulk compositional parameters, based on the equilibrated chondrites, have therefore been used to classify the type 3 chondrites. The distribution of the type 3 ordinary chondritesmore » over the classes is very different from that of the equilibrated chondrites, the LL chondrites being more heavily represented. The type 3 ordinary chondrites contain 5 to 15% lower abundances of siderophile elements, and a compilation of the present data and literature data indicates a small, systematic decrease in siderophile element concentration with decreasing petrologic type. The type 3 ordinary chondrites have, like the equilibrated ordinary chondrites, suffered a fractionation of their siderophile elements, but the loss of Ni in comparison with Au and Ir is greater for the type 3 chondrites. These siderophile element trends were established at the nebula phase of chondritic history and the co-variation with petrologic type implies onion-shell structures for the ordinary chondrite parent bodies. It is also clear that the relationship between the type 3 and the equilibrated ordinary chondrites involves more than simple, closed-system metamorphism.« less
  • The cathodoluminescence (CL) properties of eight type 3 ordinary chondrites and one L5 chondrite have been determined, and phenocryst and mesostasis compositions have been analyzed in the chondrules of four of them (Semarkona, type 3.0; Krymka, 3.1; Allan Hills A77214, 3.5; and Dhajala, 3.8) in order to investigate their origins and metamorphic history. In the present study, the authors discuss the CL properties of nine ordinary chondrites of a variety of petrologic types with particular emphasis on detailed studies of the compositions of the relevant phases in four of these: Semarkona (3.0), Krymka (3.1), Allan Hills A77214 (3.5), and Dhajalamore » (3.8). They describe a means of classifying chondrules that is based on the composition of their two major components, the mesostasis and phenocrysts. The system is applicable to > 90-95% off the chondrules in a given meteorite and it describes the range of material produced by nebular material and of the effect of metamorphism on the chondrules. They also discuss the relevance of the results for the origin of the nine chondrite classes.« less