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Title: Multi-machine analysis of termination scenarios with comparison to simulations of controlled shutdown of ITER discharges

Abstract

To improve our understanding of the dynamics and control of ITER terminations, a study has been carried out on data from existing tokamaks. The aim of this joint analysis is to compare the assumptions for ITER terminations with the present experience basis. The study examined the parameter ranges in which present day devices operated during their terminations, as well as the dynamics of these parameters. The analysis of a database, built using a selected set of experimental termination cases, showed that, the H-mode density decays slower than the plasma current ramp-down. The consequential increase in f<sub>GW</sub> limits the duration of the H-mode phase or result in disruptions. The lower temperatures after the drop out of H-mode will allow the plasma internal inductance to increase. But vertical stability control remains manageable in ITER at high internal inductance when accompanied by a strong elongation reduction. This will result in ITER terminations remaining longer at low q (q<sub>95</sub>~3) than most present-day devices during the current ramp-down. A fast power ramp-down leads to a larger change in β<sub>p</sub> at the H-L transition, but the experimental data showed that these are manageable for the ITER radial position control. The analysis of JET data shows thatmore » radiation and impurity levels significantly alter the H-L transition dynamics. Self-consistent calculations of the impurity content and resulting radiation should be taken into account when modelling ITER termination scenarios. Here, the results from this analysis can be used to better prescribe the inputs for the detailed modelling and preparation of ITER termination scenarios.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [4];  [5];  [1];  [2];  [6];  [7]; ORCiD logo [4];  [1];  [1];  [7];  [8];  [9]; ORCiD logo [4];  [5];  [10];  [11];  [12] more »;  [1];  [13];  [13];  [11];  [14];  [3];  [15];  [1] « less
  1. ITER Organization, St. Paul Lez Durance (France)
  2. General Atomics, San Diego, CA (United States)
  3. National Fusion Research Institute, Daejeon (Korea)
  4. Princeton Univ., Princeton, NJ (United States)
  5. Chinese Academy of Sciences, Hefei (People's Republic of China)
  6. D.V. Efremov Institute of Electrophysical Apparatus, Saint Petersburg (Russia)
  7. National Research Center Kurchatov Institute, Moscow (Russia)
  8. Culham Science Centre, Abingdon (United Kingdom); CIEMAT, Madrid (Spain)
  9. Culham Science Centre, Abingdon (United Kingdom); Instituto de Plasmas e Fusao Nuclear, Lisboa (Portugal)
  10. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
  11. Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne (Switzerland)
  12. European Commission, Abingdon (United Kingdom)
  13. Max-Planck-Institut fur Plasmaphysik, Garching (Germany)
  14. Culham Science Centre, Abingdon (United Kingdom)
  15. Massachusetts Inst. of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, MA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Princeton Plasma Physics Lab. (PPPL), Princeton, NJ (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1411209
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-09CH11466
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nuclear Fusion
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 58; Journal Issue: 2; Journal ID: ISSN 0029-5515
Publisher:
IOP Science
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY

Citation Formats

de Vries, Peter C., Luce, Timothy C., Bae, Young-soon, Gerhardt, Stefan P., Gong, Xianzu, Gribov, Yuri, Humphreys, Dave A., Kavin, A., Khayrutdinov, R. R., Kessel, Charles E., Kim, Sun -Hee, Loarte, Alberto, Lukash, Victor E., de la Luna, Elena, Nunes, Isabel, Poli, Francesca M., Qian, Jinping, Reinke, Matthew L., Sauter, Olivier, Sips, George, Snipes, Joseph A., Stober, Joerg, Treutterer, W., Teplukhina, Anna A., Voitsekhovitch, Irina A., Woo, Minho, Wolfe, Stephen M., and Zabeo, L. Multi-machine analysis of termination scenarios with comparison to simulations of controlled shutdown of ITER discharges. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1088/1741-4326/aa9c4c.
de Vries, Peter C., Luce, Timothy C., Bae, Young-soon, Gerhardt, Stefan P., Gong, Xianzu, Gribov, Yuri, Humphreys, Dave A., Kavin, A., Khayrutdinov, R. R., Kessel, Charles E., Kim, Sun -Hee, Loarte, Alberto, Lukash, Victor E., de la Luna, Elena, Nunes, Isabel, Poli, Francesca M., Qian, Jinping, Reinke, Matthew L., Sauter, Olivier, Sips, George, Snipes, Joseph A., Stober, Joerg, Treutterer, W., Teplukhina, Anna A., Voitsekhovitch, Irina A., Woo, Minho, Wolfe, Stephen M., & Zabeo, L. Multi-machine analysis of termination scenarios with comparison to simulations of controlled shutdown of ITER discharges. United States. doi:10.1088/1741-4326/aa9c4c.
de Vries, Peter C., Luce, Timothy C., Bae, Young-soon, Gerhardt, Stefan P., Gong, Xianzu, Gribov, Yuri, Humphreys, Dave A., Kavin, A., Khayrutdinov, R. R., Kessel, Charles E., Kim, Sun -Hee, Loarte, Alberto, Lukash, Victor E., de la Luna, Elena, Nunes, Isabel, Poli, Francesca M., Qian, Jinping, Reinke, Matthew L., Sauter, Olivier, Sips, George, Snipes, Joseph A., Stober, Joerg, Treutterer, W., Teplukhina, Anna A., Voitsekhovitch, Irina A., Woo, Minho, Wolfe, Stephen M., and Zabeo, L. Wed . "Multi-machine analysis of termination scenarios with comparison to simulations of controlled shutdown of ITER discharges". United States. doi:10.1088/1741-4326/aa9c4c.
@article{osti_1411209,
title = {Multi-machine analysis of termination scenarios with comparison to simulations of controlled shutdown of ITER discharges},
author = {de Vries, Peter C. and Luce, Timothy C. and Bae, Young-soon and Gerhardt, Stefan P. and Gong, Xianzu and Gribov, Yuri and Humphreys, Dave A. and Kavin, A. and Khayrutdinov, R. R. and Kessel, Charles E. and Kim, Sun -Hee and Loarte, Alberto and Lukash, Victor E. and de la Luna, Elena and Nunes, Isabel and Poli, Francesca M. and Qian, Jinping and Reinke, Matthew L. and Sauter, Olivier and Sips, George and Snipes, Joseph A. and Stober, Joerg and Treutterer, W. and Teplukhina, Anna A. and Voitsekhovitch, Irina A. and Woo, Minho and Wolfe, Stephen M. and Zabeo, L.},
abstractNote = {To improve our understanding of the dynamics and control of ITER terminations, a study has been carried out on data from existing tokamaks. The aim of this joint analysis is to compare the assumptions for ITER terminations with the present experience basis. The study examined the parameter ranges in which present day devices operated during their terminations, as well as the dynamics of these parameters. The analysis of a database, built using a selected set of experimental termination cases, showed that, the H-mode density decays slower than the plasma current ramp-down. The consequential increase in f<sub>GW</sub> limits the duration of the H-mode phase or result in disruptions. The lower temperatures after the drop out of H-mode will allow the plasma internal inductance to increase. But vertical stability control remains manageable in ITER at high internal inductance when accompanied by a strong elongation reduction. This will result in ITER terminations remaining longer at low q (q<sub>95</sub>~3) than most present-day devices during the current ramp-down. A fast power ramp-down leads to a larger change in β<sub>p</sub> at the H-L transition, but the experimental data showed that these are manageable for the ITER radial position control. The analysis of JET data shows that radiation and impurity levels significantly alter the H-L transition dynamics. Self-consistent calculations of the impurity content and resulting radiation should be taken into account when modelling ITER termination scenarios. Here, the results from this analysis can be used to better prescribe the inputs for the detailed modelling and preparation of ITER termination scenarios.},
doi = {10.1088/1741-4326/aa9c4c},
journal = {Nuclear Fusion},
number = 2,
volume = 58,
place = {United States},
year = {Wed Nov 22 00:00:00 EST 2017},
month = {Wed Nov 22 00:00:00 EST 2017}
}

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