Universal spin dynamics in quantum wires
Abstract
We discuss the universal spin dynamics in quasionedimensional systems including the real spin in narrowgap semiconductors like InAs and InSb, the valley pseudospin in staggered singlelayer graphene, and the combination of real spin and valley pseudospin characterizing singlelayer transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDCs) such as MoS2, WS2, MoS2, and WSe2. All these systems can be described by the same Diraclike Hamiltonian. Spindependent observable effects in one of these systems thus have counterparts in each of the other systems. Effects discussed in more detail include equilibrium spin currents, currentinduced spin polarization (Edelstein effect), and spin currents generated via adiabatic spin pumping. Our work also suggests that a longdebated spindependent correction to the position operator in singleband models should be absent.
 Authors:
 Publication Date:
 Research Org.:
 Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
 Sponsoring Org.:
 USDOE Office of Science  Office of Basic Energy Sciences  Materials Sciences and Engineering Division; National Science Foundation (NSF)
 OSTI Identifier:
 1411046
 DOE Contract Number:
 AC0206CH11357
 Resource Type:
 Journal Article
 Resource Relation:
 Journal Name: Physical Review B; Journal Volume: 96; Journal Issue: 15
 Country of Publication:
 United States
 Language:
 English
 Subject:
 75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY
Citation Formats
Fajardo, E. A., Zülicke, U., and Winkler, R. Universal spin dynamics in quantum wires. United States: N. p., 2017.
Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.96.155304.
Fajardo, E. A., Zülicke, U., & Winkler, R. Universal spin dynamics in quantum wires. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.96.155304.
Fajardo, E. A., Zülicke, U., and Winkler, R. Sun .
"Universal spin dynamics in quantum wires". United States.
doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.96.155304.
@article{osti_1411046,
title = {Universal spin dynamics in quantum wires},
author = {Fajardo, E. A. and Zülicke, U. and Winkler, R.},
abstractNote = {We discuss the universal spin dynamics in quasionedimensional systems including the real spin in narrowgap semiconductors like InAs and InSb, the valley pseudospin in staggered singlelayer graphene, and the combination of real spin and valley pseudospin characterizing singlelayer transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDCs) such as MoS2, WS2, MoS2, and WSe2. All these systems can be described by the same Diraclike Hamiltonian. Spindependent observable effects in one of these systems thus have counterparts in each of the other systems. Effects discussed in more detail include equilibrium spin currents, currentinduced spin polarization (Edelstein effect), and spin currents generated via adiabatic spin pumping. Our work also suggests that a longdebated spindependent correction to the position operator in singleband models should be absent.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevB.96.155304},
journal = {Physical Review B},
number = 15,
volume = 96,
place = {United States},
year = {Sun Oct 01 00:00:00 EDT 2017},
month = {Sun Oct 01 00:00:00 EDT 2017}
}

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