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Title: Synchrotron X-ray studies of model SOFC cathodes, part I: Thin film cathodes

Abstract

In this work, we present synchrotron x-ray investigations of thin film La 0.6Sr 0.4Co 0.2Fe 0.8O 3-δ (LSCF) model cathodes for solid oxide fuel cells, grown on electrolyte substrates by pulse laser deposition, in situ during half-cell operations. We observed dynamic segregations of cations, such as Sr and Co, on the surfaces of the film cathodes. The effects of temperature, applied potentials, and capping layers on the segregations were investigated using a surfacesensitive technique of total external reflection x-ray fluorescence. We also studied patterned thin film LSCF cathodes using high-resolution micro-beam diffraction measurements. We find chemical expansion decreases for narrow stripes. This suggests the expansion is dominated by the bulk pathway reactions. Lastly, the chemical expansion vs. the distance from the electrode contact was measured at three temperatures and an oxygen vacancy activation energy was estimated to be ~1.4 eV.

Authors:
 [1]; ORCiD logo [2];  [3];  [4];  [1];  [1]
  1. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States). Materials Science Division
  2. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States). Chemical Sciences and Engineering Division
  3. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States). X-ray Science Division
  4. National Energy Technology Lab. (NETL), Morgantown, WV (United States); AECOM, Morgantown, WV (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22). Materials Sciences & Engineering Division; USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22). Scientific User Facilities Division; National Science Foundation (NSF)
OSTI Identifier:
1411043
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-06CH11357
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Solid State Ionics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 311; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 0167-2738
Publisher:
Elsevier
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; 36 MATERIALS SCIENCE

Citation Formats

Chang, Kee-Chul, Ingram, Brian, Ilavsky, Jan, Lee, Shiwoo, Fuoss, Paul, and You, Hoydoo. Synchrotron X-ray studies of model SOFC cathodes, part I: Thin film cathodes. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1016/j.ssi.2017.10.005.
Chang, Kee-Chul, Ingram, Brian, Ilavsky, Jan, Lee, Shiwoo, Fuoss, Paul, & You, Hoydoo. Synchrotron X-ray studies of model SOFC cathodes, part I: Thin film cathodes. United States. doi:10.1016/j.ssi.2017.10.005.
Chang, Kee-Chul, Ingram, Brian, Ilavsky, Jan, Lee, Shiwoo, Fuoss, Paul, and You, Hoydoo. Sat . "Synchrotron X-ray studies of model SOFC cathodes, part I: Thin film cathodes". United States. doi:10.1016/j.ssi.2017.10.005. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1411043.
@article{osti_1411043,
title = {Synchrotron X-ray studies of model SOFC cathodes, part I: Thin film cathodes},
author = {Chang, Kee-Chul and Ingram, Brian and Ilavsky, Jan and Lee, Shiwoo and Fuoss, Paul and You, Hoydoo},
abstractNote = {In this work, we present synchrotron x-ray investigations of thin film La0.6Sr0.4Co0.2Fe0.8O3-δ (LSCF) model cathodes for solid oxide fuel cells, grown on electrolyte substrates by pulse laser deposition, in situ during half-cell operations. We observed dynamic segregations of cations, such as Sr and Co, on the surfaces of the film cathodes. The effects of temperature, applied potentials, and capping layers on the segregations were investigated using a surfacesensitive technique of total external reflection x-ray fluorescence. We also studied patterned thin film LSCF cathodes using high-resolution micro-beam diffraction measurements. We find chemical expansion decreases for narrow stripes. This suggests the expansion is dominated by the bulk pathway reactions. Lastly, the chemical expansion vs. the distance from the electrode contact was measured at three temperatures and an oxygen vacancy activation energy was estimated to be ~1.4 eV.},
doi = {10.1016/j.ssi.2017.10.005},
journal = {Solid State Ionics},
number = C,
volume = 311,
place = {United States},
year = {Sat Oct 14 00:00:00 EDT 2017},
month = {Sat Oct 14 00:00:00 EDT 2017}
}

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