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Title: High performance platinum single atom electrocatalyst for oxygen reduction reaction

Abstract

For the large-scale sustainable implementation of polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells in vehicles, high-performance electrocatalysts with low platinum consumption are desirable for use as cathode material during the oxygen reduction reaction in fuel cells. Here we report a carbon black-supported cost-effective, efficient and durable platinum single-atom electrocatalyst with carbon monoxide/methanol tolerance for the cathodic oxygen reduction reaction. The acidic single-cell with such a catalyst as cathode delivers high performance, with power density up to 680 mW cm –2 at 80 °C with a low platinum loading of 0.09 mgPt cm –2, corresponding to a platinum utilization of 0.13 gPt kW –1 in the fuel cell. Good fuel cell durability is also observed. As a result, theoretical calculations reveal that the main effective sites on such platinum single-atom electrocatalysts are single-pyridinic-nitrogen-atom-anchored single-platinum-atom centres, which are tolerant to carbon monoxide/methanol, but highly active for the oxygen reduction reaction.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [4];  [5];  [6];  [5];  [1];  [4];  [6];  [7];  [7]; ORCiD logo [8];  [9];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [10];  [3];  [5]
  1. Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changchun (China)
  2. Univ. of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing (China); Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changchun (China)
  3. Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai (China)
  4. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
  5. Chinese Academy of Sciences, Dalian (China)
  6. Wuhan Univ., Wuhan (China)
  7. Univ. of Science and Technology of China, Anhui (China)
  8. Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shenyang (China)
  9. Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shenyang (China); Fritz Haber Institute of the Max Planck Society, Berlin (Germany)
  10. Univ. of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing (China)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
National Natural Science Foundation of China (NNSFC); Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS); USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Fuel Cell Technologies Office (EE-3F)
OSTI Identifier:
1411030
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-06CH11357
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nature Communications
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 8; Journal ID: ISSN 2041-1723
Publisher:
Nature Publishing Group
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; fuel cell; catalyst

Citation Formats

Liu, Jing, Jiao, Menggai, Lu, Lanlu, Barkholtz, Heather M., Li, Yuping, Wang, Ying, Jiang, Luhua, Wu, Zhijian, Liu, Di-jia, Zhuang, Lin, Ma, Chao, Zeng, Jie, Zhang, Bingsen, Su, Dangsheng, Song, Ping, Xing, Wei, Xu, Weilin, Wang, Ying, Jiang, Zheng, and Sun, Gongquan. High performance platinum single atom electrocatalyst for oxygen reduction reaction. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1038/ncomms15938.
Liu, Jing, Jiao, Menggai, Lu, Lanlu, Barkholtz, Heather M., Li, Yuping, Wang, Ying, Jiang, Luhua, Wu, Zhijian, Liu, Di-jia, Zhuang, Lin, Ma, Chao, Zeng, Jie, Zhang, Bingsen, Su, Dangsheng, Song, Ping, Xing, Wei, Xu, Weilin, Wang, Ying, Jiang, Zheng, & Sun, Gongquan. High performance platinum single atom electrocatalyst for oxygen reduction reaction. United States. doi:10.1038/ncomms15938.
Liu, Jing, Jiao, Menggai, Lu, Lanlu, Barkholtz, Heather M., Li, Yuping, Wang, Ying, Jiang, Luhua, Wu, Zhijian, Liu, Di-jia, Zhuang, Lin, Ma, Chao, Zeng, Jie, Zhang, Bingsen, Su, Dangsheng, Song, Ping, Xing, Wei, Xu, Weilin, Wang, Ying, Jiang, Zheng, and Sun, Gongquan. Mon . "High performance platinum single atom electrocatalyst for oxygen reduction reaction". United States. doi:10.1038/ncomms15938. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1411030.
@article{osti_1411030,
title = {High performance platinum single atom electrocatalyst for oxygen reduction reaction},
author = {Liu, Jing and Jiao, Menggai and Lu, Lanlu and Barkholtz, Heather M. and Li, Yuping and Wang, Ying and Jiang, Luhua and Wu, Zhijian and Liu, Di-jia and Zhuang, Lin and Ma, Chao and Zeng, Jie and Zhang, Bingsen and Su, Dangsheng and Song, Ping and Xing, Wei and Xu, Weilin and Wang, Ying and Jiang, Zheng and Sun, Gongquan},
abstractNote = {For the large-scale sustainable implementation of polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells in vehicles, high-performance electrocatalysts with low platinum consumption are desirable for use as cathode material during the oxygen reduction reaction in fuel cells. Here we report a carbon black-supported cost-effective, efficient and durable platinum single-atom electrocatalyst with carbon monoxide/methanol tolerance for the cathodic oxygen reduction reaction. The acidic single-cell with such a catalyst as cathode delivers high performance, with power density up to 680 mW cm–2 at 80 °C with a low platinum loading of 0.09 mgPt cm–2, corresponding to a platinum utilization of 0.13 gPt kW–1 in the fuel cell. Good fuel cell durability is also observed. As a result, theoretical calculations reveal that the main effective sites on such platinum single-atom electrocatalysts are single-pyridinic-nitrogen-atom-anchored single-platinum-atom centres, which are tolerant to carbon monoxide/methanol, but highly active for the oxygen reduction reaction.},
doi = {10.1038/ncomms15938},
journal = {Nature Communications},
number = ,
volume = 8,
place = {United States},
year = {Mon Jul 24 00:00:00 EDT 2017},
month = {Mon Jul 24 00:00:00 EDT 2017}
}

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Works referenced in this record:

Nitrogen-Doped Carbon Nanotube Arrays with High Electrocatalytic Activity for Oxygen Reduction
journal, February 2009


Efficiency of ab-initio total energy calculations for metals and semiconductors using a plane-wave basis set
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Efficient iterative schemes for ab initio total-energy calculations using a plane-wave basis set
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Ab initio molecular-dynamics simulation of the liquid-metal–amorphous-semiconductor transition in germanium
journal, May 1994


High-Performance Electrocatalysts for Oxygen Reduction Derived from Polyaniline, Iron, and Cobalt
journal, April 2011


Ab initiomolecular dynamics for liquid metals
journal, January 1993


Iron-Based Catalysts with Improved Oxygen Reduction Activity in Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cells
journal, April 2009

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