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Title: Superconductor to weak-insulator transitions in disordered tantalum nitride films

Abstract

Here, we study the two-dimensional superconductor-insulator transition (SIT) in thin films of tantalum nitride. At zero magnetic field, films can be disorder-tuned across the SIT by adjusting thickness and film stoichiometry; insulating films exhibit classical hopping transport. Superconducting films exhibit a magnetic-field-tuned SIT, whose insulating ground state at high field appears to be a quantum-corrected metal. Scaling behavior at the field-tuned SIT shows classical percolation critical exponents zν ≈ 1.3, with a corresponding critical field H c << H c2, the upper critical field. The Hall effect exhibits a crossing point near H c, but with a nonuniversal critical value ρ c xy comparable to the normal-state Hall resistivity. We propose that high-carrier-density metals will always exhibit this pattern of behavior at the boundary between superconducting and (trivially) insulating ground states.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [2];  [2];  [2]
  1. Stanford Univ., Stanford, CA (United States); Harvey Mudd College, Claremont, CA (United States)
  2. Stanford Univ., Stanford, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1410604
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1406153
Grant/Contract Number:  
NSF-DMR-9508419; AC02-76SF00515
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review B
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 96; Journal Issue: 13; Journal ID: ISSN 2469-9950
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY

Citation Formats

Breznay, Nicholas P., Tendulkar, Mihir, Zhang, Li, Lee, Sang -Chul, and Kapitulnik, Aharon. Superconductor to weak-insulator transitions in disordered tantalum nitride films. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.96.134522.
Breznay, Nicholas P., Tendulkar, Mihir, Zhang, Li, Lee, Sang -Chul, & Kapitulnik, Aharon. Superconductor to weak-insulator transitions in disordered tantalum nitride films. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.96.134522.
Breznay, Nicholas P., Tendulkar, Mihir, Zhang, Li, Lee, Sang -Chul, and Kapitulnik, Aharon. Tue . "Superconductor to weak-insulator transitions in disordered tantalum nitride films". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.96.134522.
@article{osti_1410604,
title = {Superconductor to weak-insulator transitions in disordered tantalum nitride films},
author = {Breznay, Nicholas P. and Tendulkar, Mihir and Zhang, Li and Lee, Sang -Chul and Kapitulnik, Aharon},
abstractNote = {Here, we study the two-dimensional superconductor-insulator transition (SIT) in thin films of tantalum nitride. At zero magnetic field, films can be disorder-tuned across the SIT by adjusting thickness and film stoichiometry; insulating films exhibit classical hopping transport. Superconducting films exhibit a magnetic-field-tuned SIT, whose insulating ground state at high field appears to be a quantum-corrected metal. Scaling behavior at the field-tuned SIT shows classical percolation critical exponents zν ≈ 1.3, with a corresponding critical field Hc << Hc2, the upper critical field. The Hall effect exhibits a crossing point near Hc, but with a nonuniversal critical value ρcxy comparable to the normal-state Hall resistivity. We propose that high-carrier-density metals will always exhibit this pattern of behavior at the boundary between superconducting and (trivially) insulating ground states.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevB.96.134522},
journal = {Physical Review B},
number = 13,
volume = 96,
place = {United States},
year = {Tue Oct 31 00:00:00 EDT 2017},
month = {Tue Oct 31 00:00:00 EDT 2017}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
This content will become publicly available on October 31, 2018
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