skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Residential Energy Efficiency Potential: Pennsylvania


Energy used by Pennsylvania single-family homes that can be saved through cost-effective improvements. Prepared by Eric Wilson and Noel Merket, NREL, and Erin Boyd, U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Policy and Systems Analysis.

  1. National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Policy and Systems Analysis
OSTI Identifier:
Report Number(s):
DOE Contract Number:
Country of Publication:
United States
32 ENERGY CONSERVATION, CONSUMPTION, AND UTILIZATION; ResStock; residential; EPSA; state; energy efficiency

Citation Formats

Wilson, Eric J. Residential Energy Efficiency Potential: Pennsylvania. United States: N. p., 2017. Web.
Wilson, Eric J. Residential Energy Efficiency Potential: Pennsylvania. United States.
Wilson, Eric J. 2017. "Residential Energy Efficiency Potential: Pennsylvania". United States. doi:.
title = {Residential Energy Efficiency Potential: Pennsylvania},
author = {Wilson, Eric J},
abstractNote = {Energy used by Pennsylvania single-family homes that can be saved through cost-effective improvements. Prepared by Eric Wilson and Noel Merket, NREL, and Erin Boyd, U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Policy and Systems Analysis.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = 2017,
month =
  • A detailed analysis of solar energy potential for residential space heating and water heating was performed for the 12th Congressional District of Pennsylvania. The analysis reflects local fuel prices, anticipated price escalations, climatic conditions (including the level of solar energy), building characteristics and installed solar costs. The results of the analysis indicate that solar systems are not cost competitive with conventional systems available in the District except under special circumstances. Solar systems could become marginally competitive against electric resistance units in the next few years if installed system costs were to become substantially lower than presently anticipated.
  • The IECC was updated in 2006. As required in the Energy Conservation and Production Act of 1992, Title 3, DOE has a legislative requirement to "determine whether such revision would improve energy efficiency in residential buildings" within 12 months of the latest revision. This requirement is part of a three-year cycle of regular code updates. To meet this requirement, an independent review was completed using personnel experienced in building science but not involved in the code development process.
  • The focus of this report is to explore, in a speculative way, the energy saving potential associated with certain gas-related productive conservation measures for Nebraska homes. Currently, market available energy efficient natural gas furnaces, water heaters, and major appliances offer cost effective and technically feasible energy and dollar saving solutions for consumers. Additionally, in some cases, the retrofit of electronic spark igniters and flue dampers are also technically and economically prudent for the consumer. One key solution for Nebraska to minimize dollar exports for natural gas imports is to reduce natural gas consumption through the more efficient use of it,more » thereby making existing supplies available for other consumers. The State of Nebraska in cooperation with the federal government and the Nebraska natural gas industry can accelerate the widespread adoption of these energy conservation devices through reasonable regulatory policies and financial incentives, coupled with reliable public information on these measures. Nebraska can by the year 2000 reduce from 10 to 20% of its current residential natural gas consumption through the widespread adoption of these devices.« less
  • Today's 85 million US homes use $100 billion of fuel and electricity ($1150/home) annually. If their energy intensity (resource energy/ft/sup 2/) were still frozen at 1973 levels, they would use 19% more. With well-insulated houses, need for space heat is vanishing. Superinsulated Saskatchewan homes spend annually only $270 for space heat, $150 for water heat, and $400 for appliances, yet they cost only $2000 +/- $1000 more than conventional new homes. The concept of Cost of Conserved Energy (CCE) is used to rank conservation technologies for existing and new homes and appliances, and to develop supply curves of conserved energymore » and a least cost scenario. Calculations are calibrated with the BECA and other data bases. By limiting investments in efficiency to those whose CCE is less than current fuel and electricity prices, the potential residential plus commercial energy use in 2000 AD drops to half of that estimated by DOE, and the number of power plants needed drops by 200. For the whole buildings sector, potential savings by 2000 are 8 Mbod (worth $50B/year), at an average CCE of $10/barrel. 6 references, 17 figures, 2 tables.« less
  • Conserved energy is treated as a new energy source. Its potential is measured with supply curves that have been previously used only for economic assessments of tangible energy sources. Data on energy savings in individual homes and in the use of specific appliances are examined and then their conclusions are extrapolated to California residential sector. These estimates make it possible to compare the cost of energy conservation with the cost of searching for new conventional energy supplies or the cost of building new power plants. (MHR)