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Title: The Future of Low-Carbon Electricity

Abstract

We review future global demand for electricity and major technologies positioned to supply it with minimal greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions: renewables (wind, solar, water, geothermal, and biomass), nuclear fission, and fossil power with CO2 capture and sequestration. We discuss two breakthrough technologies (space solar power and nuclear fusion) as exciting but uncertain additional options for low-net GHG emissions (i.e., low-carbon) electricity generation. In addition, we discuss grid integration technologies (monitoring and forecasting of transmission and distribution systems, demand-side load management, energy storage, and load balancing with low-carbon fuel substitutes). For each topic, recent historical trends and future prospects are reviewed, along with technical challenges, costs, and other issues as appropriate. Although no technology represents an ideal solution, their strengths can be enhanced by deployment in combination, along with grid integration that forms a critical set of enabling technologies to assure a reliable and robust future low-carbon electricity system.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [4];  [5];  [6]
  1. Energy Analysis and Environmental Impacts Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720,
  2. Department of Mechanical and Nuclear Engineering, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania 16802
  3. Department of Nuclear Engineering, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720
  4. Plasma Science and Fusion Center, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139
  5. Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, California 94550
  6. Global Security, E Program, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, California 94550
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1410030
Report Number(s):
LLNL-JRNL-716422
Journal ID: ISSN 1543-5938
DOE Contract Number:  
AC52-07NA27344
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Annual Review of Environment and Resources; Journal Volume: 42; Journal Issue: 1
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
20 FOSSIL-FUELED POWER PLANTS; 13 HYDRO ENERGY; 14 SOLAR ENERGY; 22 GENERAL STUDIES OF NUCLEAR REACTORS; 17 WIND ENERGY; 09 BIOMASS FUELS; 25 ENERGY STORAGE

Citation Formats

Greenblatt, Jeffery B., Brown, Nicholas R., Slaybaugh, Rachel, Wilks, Theresa, Stewart, Emma, and McCoy, Sean T. The Future of Low-Carbon Electricity. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1146/annurev-environ-102016-061138.
Greenblatt, Jeffery B., Brown, Nicholas R., Slaybaugh, Rachel, Wilks, Theresa, Stewart, Emma, & McCoy, Sean T. The Future of Low-Carbon Electricity. United States. doi:10.1146/annurev-environ-102016-061138.
Greenblatt, Jeffery B., Brown, Nicholas R., Slaybaugh, Rachel, Wilks, Theresa, Stewart, Emma, and McCoy, Sean T. Tue . "The Future of Low-Carbon Electricity". United States. doi:10.1146/annurev-environ-102016-061138. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1410030.
@article{osti_1410030,
title = {The Future of Low-Carbon Electricity},
author = {Greenblatt, Jeffery B. and Brown, Nicholas R. and Slaybaugh, Rachel and Wilks, Theresa and Stewart, Emma and McCoy, Sean T.},
abstractNote = {We review future global demand for electricity and major technologies positioned to supply it with minimal greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions: renewables (wind, solar, water, geothermal, and biomass), nuclear fission, and fossil power with CO2 capture and sequestration. We discuss two breakthrough technologies (space solar power and nuclear fusion) as exciting but uncertain additional options for low-net GHG emissions (i.e., low-carbon) electricity generation. In addition, we discuss grid integration technologies (monitoring and forecasting of transmission and distribution systems, demand-side load management, energy storage, and load balancing with low-carbon fuel substitutes). For each topic, recent historical trends and future prospects are reviewed, along with technical challenges, costs, and other issues as appropriate. Although no technology represents an ideal solution, their strengths can be enhanced by deployment in combination, along with grid integration that forms a critical set of enabling technologies to assure a reliable and robust future low-carbon electricity system.},
doi = {10.1146/annurev-environ-102016-061138},
journal = {Annual Review of Environment and Resources},
number = 1,
volume = 42,
place = {United States},
year = {Tue Oct 17 00:00:00 EDT 2017},
month = {Tue Oct 17 00:00:00 EDT 2017}
}