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Title: X-ray absorption and Raman spectroscopy studies of molybdenum environments in borosilicate waste glasses

Abstract

Mo-containing high-level nuclear waste borosilicate glasses were investigated as part of an effort to improve Mo loading while avoiding yellow phase crystallization. Previous work showed that additions of vanadium decrease yellow phase formation and increases Mo solubility. X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) and Raman spectroscopy were used to characterize Mo environments in HLW borosilicate glasses and to investigate possible structural relationships between Mo and V. Mo XAS spectra for the glasses indicate isolated tetrahedral Mo6+O4 with Mo-O distances near 1.75 Å. V XANES indicate tetrahedral V5+O4 as the dominant species. Raman spectra show composition dependent trends, where Mo-O symmetrical stretch mode frequencies (ν1) are sensitive to the mix of alkali and alkaline earth cations, decreasing by up to 10 cm-1 for glasses that change from Li+ to Na+ as the dominant network-modifying species. This indicates that MoO4 tetrahedra are isolated from the borosilicate network and are surrounded, at least partly, by Na+ and Li+. Secondary ν1 frequency effects, with changes up to 7 cm-1, were also observed with increasing V2O5 and MoO3 content. These secondary trends may indicate MoO4-MoO4 and MoO4-VO4 clustering, suggesting that V additions may stabilize Mo in the matrix with respect to yellow phase formation.

Authors:
; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
OSTI Identifier:
1409638
Report Number(s):
BNL-114690-2017-JA¿¿¿
Journal ID: ISSN 0022-3115
DOE Contract Number:  
SC0012704
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Nuclear Materials; Journal Volume: 488; Journal Issue: C
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
12 MANAGEMENT OF RADIOACTIVE AND NON-RADIOACTIVE WASTES FROM NUCLEAR FACILITIES

Citation Formats

McKeown, David A., Gan, Hao, and Pegg, Ian L.. X-ray absorption and Raman spectroscopy studies of molybdenum environments in borosilicate waste glasses. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1016/j.jnucmat.2017.03.012.
McKeown, David A., Gan, Hao, & Pegg, Ian L.. X-ray absorption and Raman spectroscopy studies of molybdenum environments in borosilicate waste glasses. United States. doi:10.1016/j.jnucmat.2017.03.012.
McKeown, David A., Gan, Hao, and Pegg, Ian L.. Mon . "X-ray absorption and Raman spectroscopy studies of molybdenum environments in borosilicate waste glasses". United States. doi:10.1016/j.jnucmat.2017.03.012.
@article{osti_1409638,
title = {X-ray absorption and Raman spectroscopy studies of molybdenum environments in borosilicate waste glasses},
author = {McKeown, David A. and Gan, Hao and Pegg, Ian L.},
abstractNote = {Mo-containing high-level nuclear waste borosilicate glasses were investigated as part of an effort to improve Mo loading while avoiding yellow phase crystallization. Previous work showed that additions of vanadium decrease yellow phase formation and increases Mo solubility. X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) and Raman spectroscopy were used to characterize Mo environments in HLW borosilicate glasses and to investigate possible structural relationships between Mo and V. Mo XAS spectra for the glasses indicate isolated tetrahedral Mo6+O4 with Mo-O distances near 1.75 Å. V XANES indicate tetrahedral V5+O4 as the dominant species. Raman spectra show composition dependent trends, where Mo-O symmetrical stretch mode frequencies (ν1) are sensitive to the mix of alkali and alkaline earth cations, decreasing by up to 10 cm-1 for glasses that change from Li+ to Na+ as the dominant network-modifying species. This indicates that MoO4 tetrahedra are isolated from the borosilicate network and are surrounded, at least partly, by Na+ and Li+. Secondary ν1 frequency effects, with changes up to 7 cm-1, were also observed with increasing V2O5 and MoO3 content. These secondary trends may indicate MoO4-MoO4 and MoO4-VO4 clustering, suggesting that V additions may stabilize Mo in the matrix with respect to yellow phase formation.},
doi = {10.1016/j.jnucmat.2017.03.012},
journal = {Journal of Nuclear Materials},
number = C,
volume = 488,
place = {United States},
year = {Mon May 01 00:00:00 EDT 2017},
month = {Mon May 01 00:00:00 EDT 2017}
}