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Title: Enabling fast charging – Battery thermal considerations

Abstract

Battery thermal barriers are reviewed with regards to extreme fast charging. Present-day thermal management systems for battery electric vehicles are inadequate in limiting the maximum temperature rise of the battery during extreme fast charging. If the battery thermal management system is not designed correctly, the temperature of the cells could reach abuse temperatures and potentially send the cells into thermal runaway. Furthermore, the cell and battery interconnect design needs to be improved to meet the lifetime expectations of the consumer. Each of these aspects is explored and addressed as well as outlining where the heat is generated in a cell, the efficiencies of power and energy cells, and what type of battery thermal management solutions are available in today’s market. Here, thermal management is not a limiting condition with regard to extreme fast charging, but many factors need to be addressed especially for future high specific energy density cells to meet U.S. Department of Energy cost and volume goals.

Authors:
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  1. National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
  2. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
  3. Idaho National Lab. (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States); Idaho National Lab. (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States); National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Vehicle Technologies Office (EE-3V)
OSTI Identifier:
1408689
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1402070; OSTI ID: 1402679
Report Number(s):
INL/JOU-17-41854; NREL/JA-5400-68378
Journal ID: ISSN 0378-7753; 135260; TRN: US1703107
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-06CH11357; AC07-05ID14517; AC36-08GO28308
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Power Sources
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 367; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 0378-7753
Publisher:
Elsevier
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
25 ENERGY STORAGE; battery thermal efficiency; battery thermal management; cell thermal design; extreme fast charging; heat generation; lithium-ion battery; battery; electric vehicle; thermal management; 33 ADVANCED PROPULSION SYSTEMS

Citation Formats

Keyser, Matthew, Pesaran, Ahmad, Li, Qibo, Santhanagopalan, Shriram, Smith, Kandler, Wood, Eric, Ahmed, Shabbir, Bloom, Ira, Dufek, Eric, Shirk, Matthew, Meintz, Andrew, Kreuzer, Cory, Michelbacher, Christopher, Burnham, Andrew, Stephens, Thomas, Francfort, James, Carlson, Barney, Zhang, Jiucai, Vijayagopal, Ram, Hardy, Keith, Dias, Fernando, Mohanpurkar, Manish, Scoffield, Don, Jansen, Andrew N., Tanim, Tanvir, and Markel, Anthony. Enabling fast charging – Battery thermal considerations. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2017.07.009.
Keyser, Matthew, Pesaran, Ahmad, Li, Qibo, Santhanagopalan, Shriram, Smith, Kandler, Wood, Eric, Ahmed, Shabbir, Bloom, Ira, Dufek, Eric, Shirk, Matthew, Meintz, Andrew, Kreuzer, Cory, Michelbacher, Christopher, Burnham, Andrew, Stephens, Thomas, Francfort, James, Carlson, Barney, Zhang, Jiucai, Vijayagopal, Ram, Hardy, Keith, Dias, Fernando, Mohanpurkar, Manish, Scoffield, Don, Jansen, Andrew N., Tanim, Tanvir, & Markel, Anthony. Enabling fast charging – Battery thermal considerations. United States. doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2017.07.009.
Keyser, Matthew, Pesaran, Ahmad, Li, Qibo, Santhanagopalan, Shriram, Smith, Kandler, Wood, Eric, Ahmed, Shabbir, Bloom, Ira, Dufek, Eric, Shirk, Matthew, Meintz, Andrew, Kreuzer, Cory, Michelbacher, Christopher, Burnham, Andrew, Stephens, Thomas, Francfort, James, Carlson, Barney, Zhang, Jiucai, Vijayagopal, Ram, Hardy, Keith, Dias, Fernando, Mohanpurkar, Manish, Scoffield, Don, Jansen, Andrew N., Tanim, Tanvir, and Markel, Anthony. Mon . "Enabling fast charging – Battery thermal considerations". United States. doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2017.07.009.
@article{osti_1408689,
title = {Enabling fast charging – Battery thermal considerations},
author = {Keyser, Matthew and Pesaran, Ahmad and Li, Qibo and Santhanagopalan, Shriram and Smith, Kandler and Wood, Eric and Ahmed, Shabbir and Bloom, Ira and Dufek, Eric and Shirk, Matthew and Meintz, Andrew and Kreuzer, Cory and Michelbacher, Christopher and Burnham, Andrew and Stephens, Thomas and Francfort, James and Carlson, Barney and Zhang, Jiucai and Vijayagopal, Ram and Hardy, Keith and Dias, Fernando and Mohanpurkar, Manish and Scoffield, Don and Jansen, Andrew N. and Tanim, Tanvir and Markel, Anthony},
abstractNote = {Battery thermal barriers are reviewed with regards to extreme fast charging. Present-day thermal management systems for battery electric vehicles are inadequate in limiting the maximum temperature rise of the battery during extreme fast charging. If the battery thermal management system is not designed correctly, the temperature of the cells could reach abuse temperatures and potentially send the cells into thermal runaway. Furthermore, the cell and battery interconnect design needs to be improved to meet the lifetime expectations of the consumer. Each of these aspects is explored and addressed as well as outlining where the heat is generated in a cell, the efficiencies of power and energy cells, and what type of battery thermal management solutions are available in today’s market. Here, thermal management is not a limiting condition with regard to extreme fast charging, but many factors need to be addressed especially for future high specific energy density cells to meet U.S. Department of Energy cost and volume goals.},
doi = {10.1016/j.jpowsour.2017.07.009},
journal = {Journal of Power Sources},
number = C,
volume = 367,
place = {United States},
year = {Mon Oct 23 00:00:00 EDT 2017},
month = {Mon Oct 23 00:00:00 EDT 2017}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
This content will become publicly available on October 23, 2018
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Cited by: 3 works
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