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Title: Enabling fast charging – Vehicle considerations

Abstract

To achieve a successful increase in the plug-in battery electric vehicle (BEV) market it is anticipated that a significant improvement in battery performance is required to improve the range that BEVs can travel. While the range that BEVs can travel on a single recharge is improving, the rate at which these vehicles can be recharged is still much slower than conventional internal combustion engine vehicles. To achieve comparable recharge times we explore the vehicle considerations of charge rates up to 350 kW. This faster recharge is expected to significantly mitigate the perceived deficiencies for long-distance transportation, to provide alternative charging in densely populated areas where overnight charging at home may not be possible, and to reduce range anxiety for travel within a city when unplanned charging maybe required. This substantial increase in the charging rate is expected to create technical issues in the design of the battery system and the vehicle electrical architecture that must be resolved. This work will focus on the battery system thermal design and total recharge time to meet the goals of implementing higher charge rates as well as the impacts of the expected increase in system voltage on the components of the vehicle.

Authors:
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Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Idaho National Lab. (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States); National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States); Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Vehicle Technologies Office (EE-3V)
OSTI Identifier:
1408687
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1402681; OSTI ID: 1418663
Report Number(s):
INL/JOU-17-42221; NREL/JA-5400-68176
Journal ID: ISSN 0378-7753; PII: S0378775317309898
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC07-05ID14517; AC36-08GO28308; AC02-06CH11357
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Power Sources
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 367; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 0378-7753
Publisher:
Elsevier
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
25 ENERGY STORAGE; 29 ENERGY PLANNING, POLICY, AND ECONOMY; ELECTRIC VEHICLE; FAST CHARGING; 33 ADVANCED PROPULSION SYSTEMS; direct current fast charging; dcfc; battery electric vehicles; bev; extreme fast charging; xfc; long-distance travel; Direct current fast charging (DCFC); battery electric vehicles (BEV); extreme fast charging (XFC); power electronics

Citation Formats

Meintz, Andrew, Zhang, Jiucai, Vijayagopal, Ram, Kreutzer, Cory, Ahmed, Shabbir, Bloom, Ira, Burnham, Andrew, Carlson, Richard B., Dias, Fernando, Dufek, Eric J., Francfort, James, Hardy, Keith, Jansen, Andrew N., Keyser, Matthew, Markel, Anthony, Michelbacher, Christopher, Mohanpurkar, Manish, Pesaran, Ahmad, Scoffield, Don, Shirk, Matthew, Stephens, Thomas, and Tanim, Tanvir. Enabling fast charging – Vehicle considerations. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2017.07.093.
Meintz, Andrew, Zhang, Jiucai, Vijayagopal, Ram, Kreutzer, Cory, Ahmed, Shabbir, Bloom, Ira, Burnham, Andrew, Carlson, Richard B., Dias, Fernando, Dufek, Eric J., Francfort, James, Hardy, Keith, Jansen, Andrew N., Keyser, Matthew, Markel, Anthony, Michelbacher, Christopher, Mohanpurkar, Manish, Pesaran, Ahmad, Scoffield, Don, Shirk, Matthew, Stephens, Thomas, & Tanim, Tanvir. Enabling fast charging – Vehicle considerations. United States. doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2017.07.093.
Meintz, Andrew, Zhang, Jiucai, Vijayagopal, Ram, Kreutzer, Cory, Ahmed, Shabbir, Bloom, Ira, Burnham, Andrew, Carlson, Richard B., Dias, Fernando, Dufek, Eric J., Francfort, James, Hardy, Keith, Jansen, Andrew N., Keyser, Matthew, Markel, Anthony, Michelbacher, Christopher, Mohanpurkar, Manish, Pesaran, Ahmad, Scoffield, Don, Shirk, Matthew, Stephens, Thomas, and Tanim, Tanvir. Wed . "Enabling fast charging – Vehicle considerations". United States. doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2017.07.093. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1408687.
@article{osti_1408687,
title = {Enabling fast charging – Vehicle considerations},
author = {Meintz, Andrew and Zhang, Jiucai and Vijayagopal, Ram and Kreutzer, Cory and Ahmed, Shabbir and Bloom, Ira and Burnham, Andrew and Carlson, Richard B. and Dias, Fernando and Dufek, Eric J. and Francfort, James and Hardy, Keith and Jansen, Andrew N. and Keyser, Matthew and Markel, Anthony and Michelbacher, Christopher and Mohanpurkar, Manish and Pesaran, Ahmad and Scoffield, Don and Shirk, Matthew and Stephens, Thomas and Tanim, Tanvir},
abstractNote = {To achieve a successful increase in the plug-in battery electric vehicle (BEV) market it is anticipated that a significant improvement in battery performance is required to improve the range that BEVs can travel. While the range that BEVs can travel on a single recharge is improving, the rate at which these vehicles can be recharged is still much slower than conventional internal combustion engine vehicles. To achieve comparable recharge times we explore the vehicle considerations of charge rates up to 350 kW. This faster recharge is expected to significantly mitigate the perceived deficiencies for long-distance transportation, to provide alternative charging in densely populated areas where overnight charging at home may not be possible, and to reduce range anxiety for travel within a city when unplanned charging maybe required. This substantial increase in the charging rate is expected to create technical issues in the design of the battery system and the vehicle electrical architecture that must be resolved. This work will focus on the battery system thermal design and total recharge time to meet the goals of implementing higher charge rates as well as the impacts of the expected increase in system voltage on the components of the vehicle.},
doi = {10.1016/j.jpowsour.2017.07.093},
journal = {Journal of Power Sources},
number = C,
volume = 367,
place = {United States},
year = {Wed Nov 01 00:00:00 EDT 2017},
month = {Wed Nov 01 00:00:00 EDT 2017}
}

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