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Title: Enabling fast charging – A battery technology gap assessment

Abstract

The battery technology literature is reviewed, with an emphasis on key elements that limit extreme fast charging. Key gaps in existing elements of the technology are presented as well as developmental needs. Among these needs are advanced models and methods to detect and prevent lithium plating; new positive-electrode materials which are less prone to stress-induced failure; better electrode designs to accommodate very rapid diffusion in and out of the electrode; measure temperature distributions during fast charge to enable/validate models; and develop thermal management and pack designs to accommodate the higher operating voltage.

Authors:
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Publication Date:
Research Org.:
National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Vehicle Technologies Office (EE-3V)
OSTI Identifier:
1408686
Report Number(s):
NREL/JA-5400-68766
Journal ID: ISSN 0378-7753
DOE Contract Number:  
AC36-08GO28308
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Power Sources; Journal Volume: 367; Journal Issue: C
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
33 ADVANCED PROPULSION SYSTEMS; lithium-ion battery; extreme fast charging; developmental needs

Citation Formats

Ahmed, Shabbir, Bloom, Ira, Jansen, Andrew N., Tanim, Tanvir, Dufek, Eric J., Pesaran, Ahmad, Burnham, Andrew, Carlson, Richard B., Dias, Fernando, Hardy, Keith, Keyser, Matthew, Kreuzer, Cory, Markel, Anthony, Meintz, Andrew, Michelbacher, Christopher, Mohanpurkar, Manish, Nelson, Paul A., Robertson, David C., Scoffield, Don, Shirk, Matthew, Stephens, Thomas, Vijayagopal, Ram, and Zhang, Jiucai. Enabling fast charging – A battery technology gap assessment. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2017.06.055.
Ahmed, Shabbir, Bloom, Ira, Jansen, Andrew N., Tanim, Tanvir, Dufek, Eric J., Pesaran, Ahmad, Burnham, Andrew, Carlson, Richard B., Dias, Fernando, Hardy, Keith, Keyser, Matthew, Kreuzer, Cory, Markel, Anthony, Meintz, Andrew, Michelbacher, Christopher, Mohanpurkar, Manish, Nelson, Paul A., Robertson, David C., Scoffield, Don, Shirk, Matthew, Stephens, Thomas, Vijayagopal, Ram, & Zhang, Jiucai. Enabling fast charging – A battery technology gap assessment. United States. doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2017.06.055.
Ahmed, Shabbir, Bloom, Ira, Jansen, Andrew N., Tanim, Tanvir, Dufek, Eric J., Pesaran, Ahmad, Burnham, Andrew, Carlson, Richard B., Dias, Fernando, Hardy, Keith, Keyser, Matthew, Kreuzer, Cory, Markel, Anthony, Meintz, Andrew, Michelbacher, Christopher, Mohanpurkar, Manish, Nelson, Paul A., Robertson, David C., Scoffield, Don, Shirk, Matthew, Stephens, Thomas, Vijayagopal, Ram, and Zhang, Jiucai. Wed . "Enabling fast charging – A battery technology gap assessment". United States. doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2017.06.055.
@article{osti_1408686,
title = {Enabling fast charging – A battery technology gap assessment},
author = {Ahmed, Shabbir and Bloom, Ira and Jansen, Andrew N. and Tanim, Tanvir and Dufek, Eric J. and Pesaran, Ahmad and Burnham, Andrew and Carlson, Richard B. and Dias, Fernando and Hardy, Keith and Keyser, Matthew and Kreuzer, Cory and Markel, Anthony and Meintz, Andrew and Michelbacher, Christopher and Mohanpurkar, Manish and Nelson, Paul A. and Robertson, David C. and Scoffield, Don and Shirk, Matthew and Stephens, Thomas and Vijayagopal, Ram and Zhang, Jiucai},
abstractNote = {The battery technology literature is reviewed, with an emphasis on key elements that limit extreme fast charging. Key gaps in existing elements of the technology are presented as well as developmental needs. Among these needs are advanced models and methods to detect and prevent lithium plating; new positive-electrode materials which are less prone to stress-induced failure; better electrode designs to accommodate very rapid diffusion in and out of the electrode; measure temperature distributions during fast charge to enable/validate models; and develop thermal management and pack designs to accommodate the higher operating voltage.},
doi = {10.1016/j.jpowsour.2017.06.055},
journal = {Journal of Power Sources},
number = C,
volume = 367,
place = {United States},
year = {Wed Nov 01 00:00:00 EDT 2017},
month = {Wed Nov 01 00:00:00 EDT 2017}
}