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Title: Relationships between water and paddlefish Polyodon spathula dentary elemental and stable-isotopic signatures: potential application for reconstructing environmental history

Abstract

The objectives of this study were to characterize relationships between water and paddlefish Polyodon spathula dentary Sr:Ca, δ 18O and stable hydrogen isotope ratio (δD) to determine the accuracy with which individual P. spathula could be assigned to their collection locations using dentary-edge Sr:Ca, δD and δ 18O. A laboratory experiment was also conducted to determine whether dentary Sr:Ca in age 0 year P. spathula would reflect shifts in water Sr:Ca to which fish were exposed. Significant linear relationships between water and dentary Sr:Ca, δD and δ 18O were observed, although the relationship between water and dentary δ 18O was weaker than those for Sr:Ca and δD. Classification success for individual fish to collection locations that differed in water Sr:Ca, δD and δ 18O ranged from 86 to 100% based on dentary-edge Sr:Ca, δD and δ18O. Dentary Sr:Ca increased significantly in laboratory-reared age 0 year P. spathula following 4 weeks of exposure to elevated water Sr:Ca; dentary Sr:Ca of fish held in water with elevated Sr:Ca was also significantly higher than that of control fish reared in ambient laboratory water. Results indicated that P. spathula dentaries reflect water signatures for commonly-applied natural chemical markers and strongly suggest that dentary microchemistrymore » and stable-isotopic compositions will be applicable for reconstructing P. spathula environmental history in locations where sufficient spatial differences in water chemistry occur.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [2];  [3]
  1. Southern Illinois Univ., Carbondale, IL (United States). Center for Fisheries, Aquaculture and Aquatic Sciences
  2. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Environmental Sciences Division
  3. North Dakota Game and Fish Dept., Bismarck, ND (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1408604
Grant/Contract Number:
AC05-00OR22725
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Fish Biology
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 90; Journal Issue: 2; Journal ID: ISSN 0022-1112
Publisher:
Wiley - Fisheries Society of the British Isles
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
07 ISOTOPE AND RADIATION SOURCES; 54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; 37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; calcium; hydrogen; microchemistry; oxygen; stable isotopes; strontium

Citation Formats

Bock, Lindsey R., Whitledge, Gregory W., Pracheil, Brenda M., and Bailey, Paul. Relationships between water and paddlefish Polyodon spathula dentary elemental and stable-isotopic signatures: potential application for reconstructing environmental history. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1111/jfb.13047.
Bock, Lindsey R., Whitledge, Gregory W., Pracheil, Brenda M., & Bailey, Paul. Relationships between water and paddlefish Polyodon spathula dentary elemental and stable-isotopic signatures: potential application for reconstructing environmental history. United States. doi:10.1111/jfb.13047.
Bock, Lindsey R., Whitledge, Gregory W., Pracheil, Brenda M., and Bailey, Paul. Tue . "Relationships between water and paddlefish Polyodon spathula dentary elemental and stable-isotopic signatures: potential application for reconstructing environmental history". United States. doi:10.1111/jfb.13047. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1408604.
@article{osti_1408604,
title = {Relationships between water and paddlefish Polyodon spathula dentary elemental and stable-isotopic signatures: potential application for reconstructing environmental history},
author = {Bock, Lindsey R. and Whitledge, Gregory W. and Pracheil, Brenda M. and Bailey, Paul},
abstractNote = {The objectives of this study were to characterize relationships between water and paddlefish Polyodon spathula dentary Sr:Ca, δ18O and stable hydrogen isotope ratio (δD) to determine the accuracy with which individual P. spathula could be assigned to their collection locations using dentary-edge Sr:Ca, δD and δ18O. A laboratory experiment was also conducted to determine whether dentary Sr:Ca in age 0 year P. spathula would reflect shifts in water Sr:Ca to which fish were exposed. Significant linear relationships between water and dentary Sr:Ca, δD and δ18O were observed, although the relationship between water and dentary δ18O was weaker than those for Sr:Ca and δD. Classification success for individual fish to collection locations that differed in water Sr:Ca, δD and δ18O ranged from 86 to 100% based on dentary-edge Sr:Ca, δD and δ18O. Dentary Sr:Ca increased significantly in laboratory-reared age 0 year P. spathula following 4 weeks of exposure to elevated water Sr:Ca; dentary Sr:Ca of fish held in water with elevated Sr:Ca was also significantly higher than that of control fish reared in ambient laboratory water. Results indicated that P. spathula dentaries reflect water signatures for commonly-applied natural chemical markers and strongly suggest that dentary microchemistry and stable-isotopic compositions will be applicable for reconstructing P. spathula environmental history in locations where sufficient spatial differences in water chemistry occur.},
doi = {10.1111/jfb.13047},
journal = {Journal of Fish Biology},
number = 2,
volume = 90,
place = {United States},
year = {Tue Jul 26 00:00:00 EDT 2016},
month = {Tue Jul 26 00:00:00 EDT 2016}
}

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