skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: A short synthetic peptide fragment of human C2ORF40 has therapeutic potential in breast cancer

Abstract

C2ORF40 encodes a secreted protein which is cleaved to generate soluble peptides by proteolytic processing and this process is believed to be necessary for C2ORF40 to exert cell type specific biological activity. Here, we reported a short mimic peptide of human C2ORF40 acts potential therapeutic efficacy in human cancer cells in vitro and in vivo. We synthesized a short peptide of human C2ORF40, named C2ORF40 mimic peptide fragment and assessed its biological function on cancer cell growth, migration and tumorigenesis. Cell growth assay showed that C2ORF40 mimic peptide fragment significantly suppressed cell proliferation of breast and lung cancer cells. Moreover, C2ORF40 mimic peptide fragment significantly inhibited the migration and invasion of breast cancer cells. Furthermore, we showed that this peptide suppressed tumorigenesis in breast tumor xenograft model. Cell cycle assay indicated that the C2ORF40 mimic peptide fragment suppressed the growth of tumor cells through inducing mitotic phase arrest. In conclusion, our results firstly suggested that this short synthetic peptide of human C2ORF40 may be a candidate tumor therapeutic agent.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1];  [2];  [3]
  1. Shandong Univ., Jinan (China)
  2. Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
  3. Shandong Univ. School of Medicine, Jinan (China)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Biological and Environmental Research (BER) (SC-23)
OSTI Identifier:
1408405
DOE Contract Number:
AC02-05CH11231
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Oncotarget; Journal Volume: 8; Journal Issue: 26
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
60 APPLIED LIFE SCIENCES

Citation Formats

Lin, Chaoyang, Zhang, Pengju, Jiang, Anli, Mao, Jian-Hua, and Wei, Guangwei. A short synthetic peptide fragment of human C2ORF40 has therapeutic potential in breast cancer. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.18632/oncotarget.16713.
Lin, Chaoyang, Zhang, Pengju, Jiang, Anli, Mao, Jian-Hua, & Wei, Guangwei. A short synthetic peptide fragment of human C2ORF40 has therapeutic potential in breast cancer. United States. doi:10.18632/oncotarget.16713.
Lin, Chaoyang, Zhang, Pengju, Jiang, Anli, Mao, Jian-Hua, and Wei, Guangwei. Thu . "A short synthetic peptide fragment of human C2ORF40 has therapeutic potential in breast cancer". United States. doi:10.18632/oncotarget.16713.
@article{osti_1408405,
title = {A short synthetic peptide fragment of human C2ORF40 has therapeutic potential in breast cancer},
author = {Lin, Chaoyang and Zhang, Pengju and Jiang, Anli and Mao, Jian-Hua and Wei, Guangwei},
abstractNote = {C2ORF40 encodes a secreted protein which is cleaved to generate soluble peptides by proteolytic processing and this process is believed to be necessary for C2ORF40 to exert cell type specific biological activity. Here, we reported a short mimic peptide of human C2ORF40 acts potential therapeutic efficacy in human cancer cells in vitro and in vivo. We synthesized a short peptide of human C2ORF40, named C2ORF40 mimic peptide fragment and assessed its biological function on cancer cell growth, migration and tumorigenesis. Cell growth assay showed that C2ORF40 mimic peptide fragment significantly suppressed cell proliferation of breast and lung cancer cells. Moreover, C2ORF40 mimic peptide fragment significantly inhibited the migration and invasion of breast cancer cells. Furthermore, we showed that this peptide suppressed tumorigenesis in breast tumor xenograft model. Cell cycle assay indicated that the C2ORF40 mimic peptide fragment suppressed the growth of tumor cells through inducing mitotic phase arrest. In conclusion, our results firstly suggested that this short synthetic peptide of human C2ORF40 may be a candidate tumor therapeutic agent.},
doi = {10.18632/oncotarget.16713},
journal = {Oncotarget},
number = 26,
volume = 8,
place = {United States},
year = {Thu Mar 30 00:00:00 EDT 2017},
month = {Thu Mar 30 00:00:00 EDT 2017}
}
  • Chimeric L6 MoAb (ChL6) as I-131 ChL6 has shown therapeutic promise for radioimmunotherapy in breast cancer patients. In order to enhance this therapeutic potential, we have developed an yttrium-90 (Y-90) ChL6 radiopharmaceutical by conjugating Y-90 DOTA peptide to ChL6 using DOTA-Gly-3L(p-isothiocyanato)-Phe-NH2. This DOTA peptide forms neutral complexes with trivalent metals allowing excess chelating agents and divalent metal complexes to be removed by ion exchange chromatography prior to conjugation, thus yielding a high Y-90/DOTA ratio on the final immune conjugate. Groups of 9-10 nude mice bearing subcutaneous 40-200 mg HBT 3477 xenographs were given 150,250,350,400,450 or 500 {mu}Ci of Y-90 DOTAmore » peptide ChL6 (specific activity 1.1-3.5 {mu}Ci/{mu}g). Live cell immunoreactivity was 73-80% and 100% Y-90 moved with ChL6 on SEC3000 HPLC and TLC. Peripheral blood counts, weight, tumor size, blood and body clearance of Y-90 were monitored for 10 weeks. Whole body autoradiography was performed at 1,3 and 5 days post injection at the 250 and 450 {mu}Ci dose levels. No mouse that received less than 450 {mu}Ci of Y-90 died. The LD50/30 was 479 {mu}Ci. The nadirs of RBC, WBC and platelets were 10-20 days post 479 {mu}Ci. The nadirs of RBC, WBC and platelets were 10-20 days post injection. The depth of the nadir was dose dependent but occured in all groups. In the lowest dose group having substantial tumor response (350{mu}Ci) mean tumor volume decreased by >50% and 5 of 19 tumors completely regressed over the 10 week follow-up. This is the greatest LD50/30 for Y-90 immunoconjugate reported in nude mice to date. These results confirm the significance of the biodistribution and autoradiographic studies demonstrating tumor uptake of 18 {plus_minus} 8% ID/gm with 3/1 tumor to liver and 8/1 tumor to bone ratios 1, 3, and 5 days post injection.« less
  • Chimeric L6 MoAb(ChL6) as I-131 ChL6 has shown therapeutic promise in breast cancer patients. To enhance this potential, we developed yttrium-90 (Y-90) and indium-111 (In-111) ChL6 radiopharmaceuticals by conjugating Y-90 and In-111 DOTA peptide ChL6. Immunoreactivity of In-111 and Y-90 ChL6 was 80-100% of ChL6. Dosimetry was calculated from pharmacokinetics obtained in four studies of patients with metastatic breast cancer using 200 mg ChL6 and 4mCi In-111/3mCi Y-90 DOTA peptide ChL6 in 3 studies and 10 mCi In-111 in one (specific activity 1.1-3.5mCi/mg). Quantitative imaging of In-111 and in vitro analysis of Y-90/In-111 blood and urine clearances and biopsies formore » bone and marrow uptake were performed. In-111 and Y-90 DOTA peptide ChL6 blood clearances were compared in each patient with {beta} intercepts for each initial study of 13.9/12.7, 4.9/5.8, 25.2/16.2 (%ID), and {beta} T{1/2} 32/30, 33/35, and 41/57 (h) for In- 111/Y-90, respectively. Normal organ and tumor dosimetry for Y-90 DOTA peptide ChL6 was extrapolated from the In-111 kinetics: WB 2.1-2.3, Liver 3.8-5.9, Lung 6.2-7.9, Kidney 8.1-11.3, Spleen 4.4-14.0 (cGy/mCi). Dosimetry of 13 tumored areas (1-10 g) ranged from 42-260 (mean = 103) cGy/mCi. Marrow doses calculated from Y-90 in blood ranged from 0.6-1.5. Marrow biopsies at 5 d pi showed In-111 and Y-90 (%ID/g), 1-2 x 10{sup -3} and 6-7x10{sup -4} and bone 1-3x10{sup -3} and 0.1-3x10{sup -4}, respectively. Compared to our previous I-131 ChL6 dosimetry, this study indicates that the Y-90 DOTA peptide ChL6 radiation dose to tumor is 4-8 times that of I-131 ChL6 whereas normal organs receive less than twice that of I-131 from Y-90. Based on this calculated enhancement of the therapeutic ratio, a multicycle Y-90 DOTA peptide ChL6 therapy protocol has been initiated in breast cancer patients.« less
  • Deletion of 11q23-q24 is frequent in a diverse variety of malignancies, including breast and colorectal carcinoma, implicating the presence of a tumor suppressor gene at that chromosomal region. We show here that LARG, from 11q23, has functional characteristics of a tumor suppressor. We examined a 6-Mb region on 11q23 by high-resolution deletion mapping, utilizing both loss of heterozygosity (LOH) analysis and microarray comparative genomic hybridization (CGH). LARG (also called ARHGEF12), identified from the analyzed region, was underexpressed in 34% of primary breast carcinomas and 80% of breast cancer cell lines including the MCF-7 line. Multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification on 30more » primary breast cancers and six breast cancer cell lines showed that LARG had the highest frequency of deletion compared to the BCSC-1 and TSLC1 genes, two known candidate tumor suppressor genes from 11q. In vitro analysis of breast cancer cell lines that underexpress LARG showed that LARG could be reactivated by trichostatin A, a histone deacetylase inhibitor, but not by 5-Aza-2{prime}-deoxycytidine, a demethylating agent. Bisulfite sequencing and quantitative high-throughput analysis of DNA methylation confirmed the lack of CpG island methylation in LARG in breast cancer. Restoration of LARG expression in MCF-7 cells by stable transfection resulted in reduced proliferation and colony formation, suggesting that LARG has functional characteristics of a tumor suppressor gene.« less
  • Purpose: To compare dosimetric endpoints between proton therapy (PT) and conventional radiation and determine the feasibility of PT for regional nodal irradiation (RNI) in women with breast cancer. Methods and Materials: From 2012 to 2014, 18 women (stage IIA-IIIB) requiring RNI prospectively enrolled on a pilot study. Median age was 51.8 years (range, 42-73 years). The cohort included breast-conserving therapy (BCT) and mastectomy patients and right- and left-sided cancers. Treatment targets and organs at risk were delineated on computed tomography scans, and PT and conventional plans were developed. Toxicity was prospectively recorded using Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events version 4.0. A Wilcoxonmore » signed-rank sum test compared the dose-volume parameters. The primary endpoint was a reduction in cardiac V5. Results: Median follow-up was 20 months (range, 2-31 months). For all patients, the PT plan better met the dosimetric goals and was used for treatment. Proton therapy alone was used for 10 patients (9 postmastectomy, 1 after BCT) and combined proton–photon in 8 (6 BCT, 2 postmastectomy with immediate expander reconstruction). Proton therapy improved coverage of level 2 axilla (P=.0005). Adequate coverage of internal mammary nodes was consistently achieved with PT (median D95, 50.3 Gy; range, 46.6-52.1 Gy) but not with conventional radiation therapy (median D95, 48.2 Gy; range, 40.8-55 Gy; P=.0005). Median cardiac V5 was 0.6% with PT and 16.3% with conventional radiation (P<.0001). Median ipsilateral lung V5 and V20 were improved with PT (median V5 35.3% vs 60.5% [P<.0001]; and median V20, 21.6% vs 35.5% [P<.0001]). Grade 3 dermatitis developed in 4 patients (22%), which was the only grade 3 toxicity. No grade 4+ toxicities developed. Conclusion: Proton therapy for RNI after mastectomy or BCT significantly improves cardiac dose, especially for left-sided patients, and lung V5 and V20 in all patients without excessive acute toxicity. Proton therapy simultaneously improves target coverage for the internal mammary nodes and level 2 axilla, which may positively impact long-term survival in breast cancer patients.« less