skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Aluminum: A Useful Enigmatic Metal.


Abstract not provided.

Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
OSTI Identifier:
Report Number(s):
DOE Contract Number:
Resource Type:
Resource Relation:
Conference: Proposed for presentation at the ASME NM Section held October 28, 2016 in Albuquerque, NM.
Country of Publication:
United States

Citation Formats

Donaldson, A. Burl. Aluminum: A Useful Enigmatic Metal.. United States: N. p., 2016. Web.
Donaldson, A. Burl. Aluminum: A Useful Enigmatic Metal.. United States.
Donaldson, A. Burl. 2016. "Aluminum: A Useful Enigmatic Metal.". United States. doi:.
title = {Aluminum: A Useful Enigmatic Metal.},
author = {Donaldson, A. Burl},
abstractNote = {Abstract not provided.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = 2016,
month =

Other availability
Please see Document Availability for additional information on obtaining the full-text document. Library patrons may search WorldCat to identify libraries that hold this conference proceeding.

Save / Share:
  • An inert anode for production of metals such as aluminum is disclosed. The inert anode comprises a base metal selected from Cu and Ag, and at least one noble metal selected from Ag, Pd, Pt, Au, Rh, Ru, Ir and Os. The inert anode may optionally be formed of sintered particles having interior portions containing more base metal than noble metal and exterior portions containing more noble metal than base metal. In a preferred embodiment, the base metal comprises Cu, and the noble metal comprises Ag, Pd or a combination thereof.
  • The Centralized Reliability Data Organization (CREDO) was founded at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory in 1978 as a data base to support reliability, availability, and maintainability analyses of liquid-metal reactor components. Although {approximately}3,000 items were received or updated in the data base last fiscal year, the primary emphasis of CREDO has changed from data collection to probabilistic risk assessment support, preventive maintenance support, and data analysis. This paper discusses the results of an analysis to determine the early, useful, and wear-out operating periods of liquid-metal centrifugal pumps.
  • High Pressure (1-10 kbar in fluid media) has become a powerful method for accelerating reactions having a negative activation volume ({Delta}V{double_dagger} < 0). This is generally the case for addition reactions, probably best known is the activation of cycloadditions by high pressure. Transition metal catalyses typically consist of various single reaction steps, which could each be favored or disfavored by high pressure, making predictions of the overall activation volume in such reactions difficult. The authors have studied the influence of high pressure (up to 10 kbar) in palladium catalyzed arylations and acylations of alkenes as well as in allylic substitutions.more » The authors will present evidence, that high pressure can considerably accelerate such reactions as well as favorably change chemo-, regio-, diastereo- and enantioselectivity under careful chosen reaction conditions. For example, the ratio of metal to ligand becomes crucial at high pressures both for the rate as well as for various aspects of selectivity in the palladium-catalyzed arylation of 2,3-dihydrofuran.« less
  • Lignin is an earth-abundant biopolymer that is grossly underutilized as a source of fuels and value-added chemicals. However, lignin is an intractable heteropolymer, which makes it difficult to deconstruct and upgrade in many chemically selective biomass conversion routes. The development of new catalytic routes to depolymerize this recalcitrant biopolymer is required to more effectively utilize lignin. To that end, our group aims to synthesize and characterize a collection of inorganic and organometallic catalysts to promote atom-economical catalytic lignin depolymerization. These catalysts have been screened against a continuum of model compounds and biomass-derived lignin for their usefulness in the deconstruction ofmore » these substrates. In addition, we have coupled our experimental efforts with quantum mechanical calculations to elucidate the mechanisms of catalysts to identify the mechanisms of lignin depolymerization. Detailed synthetic procedures, as well as spectroscopic and crystallographic characterization and DFT calculations will be presented.« less