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Title: Discovery of element 117: Super-heavy elements and the “island of stability”

Abstract

Element 117 (tennessine) joined the periodic table in November 2016. Two tennessine isotopes were synthesized by bombarding 249Bk from Oak Ridge National Laboratory with 48Ca ions at the Joint Institute of Nuclear Research, Russia, and 11 new heaviest isotopes of odd-Z elements were observed in subsequent decay chains. These isotopes exhibit increasing lifetimes as the closed nuclear shell at neutron number N = 184 is approached, providing evidence for the “island of stability” for super-heavy elements. Here, this article summarizes recent super-heavy element research with a focus on element 117, the role of actinide targets, and opportunities to synthesize elements 119 and 120.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
Contributing Org.:
Actinide; berkelium; separations chemistry; super-heavy element; tennessine
OSTI Identifier:
1408011
Grant/Contract Number:
AC05-00OR22725
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Separation Science and Technology
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 52; Journal Issue: 10; Journal ID: ISSN 0149-6395
Publisher:
Taylor & Francis
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; 07 ISOTOPE AND RADIATION SOURCES; Actinide; berkelium; separations chemistry; super-heavy element; tennessine

Citation Formats

Roberto, James B., and Rykaczewski, Krzysztof Piotr. Discovery of element 117: Super-heavy elements and the “island of stability”. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1080/01496395.2017.1290658.
Roberto, James B., & Rykaczewski, Krzysztof Piotr. Discovery of element 117: Super-heavy elements and the “island of stability”. United States. doi:10.1080/01496395.2017.1290658.
Roberto, James B., and Rykaczewski, Krzysztof Piotr. Wed . "Discovery of element 117: Super-heavy elements and the “island of stability”". United States. doi:10.1080/01496395.2017.1290658. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1408011.
@article{osti_1408011,
title = {Discovery of element 117: Super-heavy elements and the “island of stability”},
author = {Roberto, James B. and Rykaczewski, Krzysztof Piotr},
abstractNote = {Element 117 (tennessine) joined the periodic table in November 2016. Two tennessine isotopes were synthesized by bombarding 249Bk from Oak Ridge National Laboratory with 48Ca ions at the Joint Institute of Nuclear Research, Russia, and 11 new heaviest isotopes of odd-Z elements were observed in subsequent decay chains. These isotopes exhibit increasing lifetimes as the closed nuclear shell at neutron number N = 184 is approached, providing evidence for the “island of stability” for super-heavy elements. Here, this article summarizes recent super-heavy element research with a focus on element 117, the role of actinide targets, and opportunities to synthesize elements 119 and 120.},
doi = {10.1080/01496395.2017.1290658},
journal = {Separation Science and Technology},
number = 10,
volume = 52,
place = {United States},
year = {Wed Apr 12 00:00:00 EDT 2017},
month = {Wed Apr 12 00:00:00 EDT 2017}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
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