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Title: Cerium Ion Mobility and Diffusivity Rates in Perfluorosulfonic Acid Membranes Measured via Hydrogen Pump Operation

Abstract

Ion mobility and diffusivity coefficients were determined for cerium ions in Nafion XL perfluorosulfonic acid ionomer membranes at 100% and 50% relative humidity in a conductivity cell using a hydrogen pump. We quantified Ce ion migration profiles as a function of charge transfer through the cell using X-ray fluorescence (XRF). To decouple simultaneous effects of Ce ion mobility and back-diffusion which occur due to potential and concentration gradients, respectively, a one-dimensional model was developed and fit to these intermittent XRF profiles. The resulting mobility and diffusivity coefficients demonstrate the dramatic effects of potential and concentration gradients on Ce ion migration during PEM fuel cell operation.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [2]; ORCiD logo [2];  [3];  [3]; ORCiD logo [2]; ORCiD logo [2]
  1. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States); Univ. of Delaware, Newark, DE (United States)
  2. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
  3. Univ. of Delaware, Newark, DE (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE). Fuel Cell Technologies Program (EE-3F)
OSTI Identifier:
1407921
Report Number(s):
LA-UR-17-28795
Journal ID: ISSN 0013-4651
Grant/Contract Number:
AC52-06NA25396
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of the Electrochemical Society
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 164; Journal Issue: 12; Journal ID: ISSN 0013-4651
Publisher:
The Electrochemical Society
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
25 ENERGY STORAGE; 37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; Energy Sciences; fuel cells, cation, diffusivity, migration, durability

Citation Formats

Baker, Andrew M., Babu, Siddharth Komini, Mukundan, Rangachary, Advani, Suresh G., Prasad, Ajay K., Spernjak, Dusan, and Borup, Rod L.. Cerium Ion Mobility and Diffusivity Rates in Perfluorosulfonic Acid Membranes Measured via Hydrogen Pump Operation. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1149/2.1221712jes.
Baker, Andrew M., Babu, Siddharth Komini, Mukundan, Rangachary, Advani, Suresh G., Prasad, Ajay K., Spernjak, Dusan, & Borup, Rod L.. Cerium Ion Mobility and Diffusivity Rates in Perfluorosulfonic Acid Membranes Measured via Hydrogen Pump Operation. United States. doi:10.1149/2.1221712jes.
Baker, Andrew M., Babu, Siddharth Komini, Mukundan, Rangachary, Advani, Suresh G., Prasad, Ajay K., Spernjak, Dusan, and Borup, Rod L.. Thu . "Cerium Ion Mobility and Diffusivity Rates in Perfluorosulfonic Acid Membranes Measured via Hydrogen Pump Operation". United States. doi:10.1149/2.1221712jes. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1407921.
@article{osti_1407921,
title = {Cerium Ion Mobility and Diffusivity Rates in Perfluorosulfonic Acid Membranes Measured via Hydrogen Pump Operation},
author = {Baker, Andrew M. and Babu, Siddharth Komini and Mukundan, Rangachary and Advani, Suresh G. and Prasad, Ajay K. and Spernjak, Dusan and Borup, Rod L.},
abstractNote = {Ion mobility and diffusivity coefficients were determined for cerium ions in Nafion XL perfluorosulfonic acid ionomer membranes at 100% and 50% relative humidity in a conductivity cell using a hydrogen pump. We quantified Ce ion migration profiles as a function of charge transfer through the cell using X-ray fluorescence (XRF). To decouple simultaneous effects of Ce ion mobility and back-diffusion which occur due to potential and concentration gradients, respectively, a one-dimensional model was developed and fit to these intermittent XRF profiles. The resulting mobility and diffusivity coefficients demonstrate the dramatic effects of potential and concentration gradients on Ce ion migration during PEM fuel cell operation.},
doi = {10.1149/2.1221712jes},
journal = {Journal of the Electrochemical Society},
number = 12,
volume = 164,
place = {United States},
year = {Thu Sep 21 00:00:00 EDT 2017},
month = {Thu Sep 21 00:00:00 EDT 2017}
}

Journal Article:
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