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Title: Irradiation-driven amorphous-to-glassy transition in quartz: The crucial role of the medium-range order in crystallization

Abstract

Noncrystalline solids can be classified into glassy and amorphous, wherein glasses and amorphous solids relax toward the supercooled liquid and crystalline states upon heating, respectively. However, the structural origin of such distinction remains unknown. Here in this study, based on molecular-dynamics simulations of irradiation-induced disordering of α-quartz, we demonstrate the existence of an amorphous-to-glassy transition. We show that the transition to the glassy state originates from the appearance of structural defects within the medium-range order of the atomic network. Such defects arise from the percolation of short-range defects and kinetically prevent crystallization. Overall, this suggests that the propensity of a disordered system for crystallization is controlled by the similarity between its medium-range order and that of the isochemical crystal.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [4];  [1]
  1. Univ. of California, Los Angeles, CA (United States). Physics of AmoRphous and Inorganic Solids Lab. (PARISlab), Dept. of Civil and Environmental Engineering
  2. Univ. of California, Los Angeles, CA (United States). Physics of AmoRphous and Inorganic Solids Lab. (PARISlab), Dept. of Civil and Environmental Engineering; Univ. of California, Los Angeles, CA (United States). Lab. for the Chemistry of Construction Materials (LC2), Dept. of Civil and Environmental Engineering
  3. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
  4. Univ. of California, Los Angeles, CA (United States). Lab. for the Chemistry of Construction Materials (LC2), Dept. of Civil and Environmental Engineering; Univ. of California, Los Angeles, CA (United States). California Nanosystems Inst. (CNSI)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Nuclear Energy (NE); National Science Foundation (NSF)
OSTI Identifier:
1407748
DOE Contract Number:  
AC05-00OR22725
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Physical Review Materials
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 1; Journal Issue: 5; Journal ID: ISSN 2475-9953
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE

Citation Formats

Krishnan, N. M. Anoop, Wang, Bu, Le Pape, Yann, Sant, Gaurav, and Bauchy, Mathieu. Irradiation-driven amorphous-to-glassy transition in quartz: The crucial role of the medium-range order in crystallization. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevMaterials.1.053405.
Krishnan, N. M. Anoop, Wang, Bu, Le Pape, Yann, Sant, Gaurav, & Bauchy, Mathieu. Irradiation-driven amorphous-to-glassy transition in quartz: The crucial role of the medium-range order in crystallization. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevMaterials.1.053405.
Krishnan, N. M. Anoop, Wang, Bu, Le Pape, Yann, Sant, Gaurav, and Bauchy, Mathieu. Thu . "Irradiation-driven amorphous-to-glassy transition in quartz: The crucial role of the medium-range order in crystallization". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevMaterials.1.053405.
@article{osti_1407748,
title = {Irradiation-driven amorphous-to-glassy transition in quartz: The crucial role of the medium-range order in crystallization},
author = {Krishnan, N. M. Anoop and Wang, Bu and Le Pape, Yann and Sant, Gaurav and Bauchy, Mathieu},
abstractNote = {Noncrystalline solids can be classified into glassy and amorphous, wherein glasses and amorphous solids relax toward the supercooled liquid and crystalline states upon heating, respectively. However, the structural origin of such distinction remains unknown. Here in this study, based on molecular-dynamics simulations of irradiation-induced disordering of α-quartz, we demonstrate the existence of an amorphous-to-glassy transition. We show that the transition to the glassy state originates from the appearance of structural defects within the medium-range order of the atomic network. Such defects arise from the percolation of short-range defects and kinetically prevent crystallization. Overall, this suggests that the propensity of a disordered system for crystallization is controlled by the similarity between its medium-range order and that of the isochemical crystal.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevMaterials.1.053405},
journal = {Physical Review Materials},
issn = {2475-9953},
number = 5,
volume = 1,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {10}
}

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