skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Materials Issues In Biomass Gasification

ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. ORNL
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)
OSTI Identifier:
DOE Contract Number:
Resource Type:
Resource Relation:
Conference: CORROSION 2018 Conference & Expo - Phoenix, Arizona, United States of America - 4/15/2018 4:00:00 AM-4/19/2018 4:00:00 AM
Country of Publication:
United States

Citation Formats

Keiser, James R., Lewis Sr, Samuel Arthur, Connatser, Raynella M., and Leonard, Donovan N.. Materials Issues In Biomass Gasification. United States: N. p., 2018. Web.
Keiser, James R., Lewis Sr, Samuel Arthur, Connatser, Raynella M., & Leonard, Donovan N.. Materials Issues In Biomass Gasification. United States.
Keiser, James R., Lewis Sr, Samuel Arthur, Connatser, Raynella M., and Leonard, Donovan N.. Sun . "Materials Issues In Biomass Gasification". United States. doi:.
title = {Materials Issues In Biomass Gasification},
author = {Keiser, James R. and Lewis Sr, Samuel Arthur and Connatser, Raynella M. and Leonard, Donovan N.},
abstractNote = {},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {Sun Apr 01 00:00:00 EDT 2018},
month = {Sun Apr 01 00:00:00 EDT 2018}

Other availability
Please see Document Availability for additional information on obtaining the full-text document. Library patrons may search WorldCat to identify libraries that hold this conference proceeding.

Save / Share:
  • Different carbon sources are used, or are being considered, as feedstock for gasifiers; including natural gas, coal, petroleum coke, and biomass. Biomass has been used with limited success because of issues such as ash impurity interactions with the refractory liner, which will be discussed in this paper.
  • During the last 10 years the VERBUND group, Austria's largest power supplier, carried out studies and research projects on biomass resource potentials and conversion technologies for electricity production from biomass. The lecture describes two realized projects with different technologies for cofiring of biomass in pulverized-coal fired power plants and the basic conclusions, which finally led to the selection of the two specific conversion technologies: Integrated Grate Combustion (in operation since 1994) and gasification in a separate, external CFB-reactor and cofiring of the gas in the coal boiler (in operation since late 1997). Ongoing discussions on climate changes, limited resources ofmore » fossil fuels and sustainable developments force stronger efforts to use more renewable energy resources. Besides hydro energy mainly wind, biomass and solar energy have considerable potential. The additional use of regenerative energies is part of the environmental policy in almost all modern countries. The driving force to increase the share of renewable energies is the fear of global climate changes due to CO{sub 2}-emission. Biomass as a renewable fuel is understood as neutral in the CO{sub 2}-balance and thus, by replacing fossil fuels like coal, a reduction of CO{sub 2}-emissions can be achieved. Similar to other renewable energy resources, agricultural and forestry biomass has, due to its decentralized nature, a considerable potential especially in rural areas. As a domestic resource, it offers prospects for sustainable job creation and regional development and decreases the quantity of imported fuels. Within these circumstances VERBUND--Austria's main power supplier, who produces in 71 hydro and 5 thermal power plants more than 50% of the public Austrian electricity demand--started with research activities in the field of biomass electrification.« less
  • This paper reviews relevant literature on wood gasification and related technologies, their environmental effects and control technology, and potential health effects. Provided is a brief description of the gasification processes most commonly in use and their products, and identifies the major sources and types of pollutants that can be expected. Also provided is a more detailed description of the pollutants to be expected from the processes, their environmental and health significance and the availability of control technology to deal with pollutant streams grouped by environmental media.