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Title: 136 Xe enrichment through cryogenic distillation

Abstract

The next generation of 136Xe neutrinoless double beta decay experiments will require on the order of 5 tons of enriched 136Xe. By estimating the relative volatilities of the xenon isotopes and using standard chemical engineering techniques we explore the feasibility of using cryogenic distillation to produce 5 tons of 80% enriched 136Xe in 5-6 years. With current state-of-the-art distillation column packing materials we can estimate the total height of a traditional cryogenic distillation column. We also, report on how Micro Channel Distillation may reduce the overall size of a distillation system for 136Xe production.

Authors:
; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1406666
Report Number(s):
PNNL-SA-124677
Journal ID: ISSN 1748-0221
DOE Contract Number:  
AC05-76RL01830
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Instrumentation; Journal Volume: 12; Journal Issue: 09
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
neutrinoless double-beta decay; xenon isotopes; isotope separation; Distillation

Citation Formats

Back, H. O., Bottenus, D. R., Clayton, C., Stephenson, D., and TeGrotenhuis, W.. 136 Xe enrichment through cryogenic distillation. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1088/1748-0221/12/09/P09033.
Back, H. O., Bottenus, D. R., Clayton, C., Stephenson, D., & TeGrotenhuis, W.. 136 Xe enrichment through cryogenic distillation. United States. doi:10.1088/1748-0221/12/09/P09033.
Back, H. O., Bottenus, D. R., Clayton, C., Stephenson, D., and TeGrotenhuis, W.. Fri . "136 Xe enrichment through cryogenic distillation". United States. doi:10.1088/1748-0221/12/09/P09033.
@article{osti_1406666,
title = {136 Xe enrichment through cryogenic distillation},
author = {Back, H. O. and Bottenus, D. R. and Clayton, C. and Stephenson, D. and TeGrotenhuis, W.},
abstractNote = {The next generation of 136Xe neutrinoless double beta decay experiments will require on the order of 5 tons of enriched 136Xe. By estimating the relative volatilities of the xenon isotopes and using standard chemical engineering techniques we explore the feasibility of using cryogenic distillation to produce 5 tons of 80% enriched 136Xe in 5-6 years. With current state-of-the-art distillation column packing materials we can estimate the total height of a traditional cryogenic distillation column. We also, report on how Micro Channel Distillation may reduce the overall size of a distillation system for 136Xe production.},
doi = {10.1088/1748-0221/12/09/P09033},
journal = {Journal of Instrumentation},
number = 09,
volume = 12,
place = {United States},
year = {Fri Sep 01 00:00:00 EDT 2017},
month = {Fri Sep 01 00:00:00 EDT 2017}
}