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Title: Chapter 11.2: Inverters, Power Optimizers, and Microinverters

Abstract

Inverters span a wide range of sizes, topologies, and connection voltages: from utility-scale megawatt inverters to string inverters. Switch-mode power conversion relies on high frequency chopping of DC signal to periodically charge and discharge energy storage elements, such as inductors and capacitors. Additional circuit components are required to address practical issues in inverters such as voltage ripple and harmonic distortion. Inverters are beginning to incorporate components with a bandgap above should be 3 eV, such as SiC and GaN. Photovoltaic (PV) modules respond dynamically to changing temperature and irradiation conditions. Thus, maximum DC power extraction requires periodic adjustment of the PV voltage and current operating point. An inverter's total efficiency is measured by the product of its conversion efficiency and the maximum-power-point tracking (MPPT) efficiency. This chapter lists the primary functions of inverters that include auxiliary capabilities, such as monitoring of DC and AC performance, and other error reporting.

Authors:
 [1]
  1. National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Solar Energy Technologies Office (EE-4S)
OSTI Identifier:
1405908
Report Number(s):
NREL/CH-5J00-62996
DOE Contract Number:  
AC36-08GO28308
Resource Type:
Book
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
14 SOLAR ENERGY; 24 POWER TRANSMISSION AND DISTRIBUTION; auxiliary capabilities; energy storage elements; harmonic distortion; inverters; MPPT efficiency; switch-mode power conversion; wide band gap components

Citation Formats

Deline, Christopher A. Chapter 11.2: Inverters, Power Optimizers, and Microinverters. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1002/9781118927496.ch47.
Deline, Christopher A. Chapter 11.2: Inverters, Power Optimizers, and Microinverters. United States. doi:10.1002/9781118927496.ch47.
Deline, Christopher A. Sat . "Chapter 11.2: Inverters, Power Optimizers, and Microinverters". United States. doi:10.1002/9781118927496.ch47.
@article{osti_1405908,
title = {Chapter 11.2: Inverters, Power Optimizers, and Microinverters},
author = {Deline, Christopher A},
abstractNote = {Inverters span a wide range of sizes, topologies, and connection voltages: from utility-scale megawatt inverters to string inverters. Switch-mode power conversion relies on high frequency chopping of DC signal to periodically charge and discharge energy storage elements, such as inductors and capacitors. Additional circuit components are required to address practical issues in inverters such as voltage ripple and harmonic distortion. Inverters are beginning to incorporate components with a bandgap above should be 3 eV, such as SiC and GaN. Photovoltaic (PV) modules respond dynamically to changing temperature and irradiation conditions. Thus, maximum DC power extraction requires periodic adjustment of the PV voltage and current operating point. An inverter's total efficiency is measured by the product of its conversion efficiency and the maximum-power-point tracking (MPPT) efficiency. This chapter lists the primary functions of inverters that include auxiliary capabilities, such as monitoring of DC and AC performance, and other error reporting.},
doi = {10.1002/9781118927496.ch47},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {Sat Jan 07 00:00:00 EST 2017},
month = {Sat Jan 07 00:00:00 EST 2017}
}

Book:
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