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Title: Perovskite Photovoltaics: The Path to a Printable Terawatt-Scale Technology

Abstract

Abundant, low-cost, reliable, and clean energy is critical not just to maintain but also to improve the living conditions across the globe. Because of the world's unrelenting population and GDP growth that is only slightly offset by reductions in energy intensity per $ of GDP, it has been estimated that by 2050 the world will consume an average of 30 Terawatts (TW) of total (i.e., not just electricity) energy, of which, assuming no current generation capacity retires, at least between 10-15 TW will be completely new capacity. Addressing this 'Terawatt challenge', a term originally coined by Richard Smalley in 2004, in a nonpolluting and sustainable way is integral to addressing socioeconomic needs in both industrial and rapidly developing countries worldwide. In conjunction with ongoing electrification of the energy system, the vastness of the available solar resource will provide a solution to the world's energy needs if we can develop sufficiently low-cost, high-performance, and massively scalable photovoltaic (PV) technology.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [2]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
  2. Univ. of Toledo, OH (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Solar Energy Technologies Office (EE-4S)
OSTI Identifier:
1405283
Report Number(s):
NREL/JA-5900-70242
Journal ID: ISSN 2380-8195
Grant/Contract Number:
AC36-08GO28308
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
ACS Energy Letters
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 2; Journal Issue: 11; Journal ID: ISSN 2380-8195
Publisher:
American Chemical Society (ACS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
14 SOLAR ENERGY; 36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; HALIDE PEROVSKITE SOLAR CELLS; TERAWATT SCALE; SCALABLE TECHNOLOGY

Citation Formats

Berry, Joseph J., van de Lagemaat, Jao, Al-Jassim, Mowafak M., Kurtz, Sarah, Yan, Yanfa, and Zhu, Kai. Perovskite Photovoltaics: The Path to a Printable Terawatt-Scale Technology. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1021/acsenergylett.7b00964.
Berry, Joseph J., van de Lagemaat, Jao, Al-Jassim, Mowafak M., Kurtz, Sarah, Yan, Yanfa, & Zhu, Kai. Perovskite Photovoltaics: The Path to a Printable Terawatt-Scale Technology. United States. doi:10.1021/acsenergylett.7b00964.
Berry, Joseph J., van de Lagemaat, Jao, Al-Jassim, Mowafak M., Kurtz, Sarah, Yan, Yanfa, and Zhu, Kai. Mon . "Perovskite Photovoltaics: The Path to a Printable Terawatt-Scale Technology". United States. doi:10.1021/acsenergylett.7b00964.
@article{osti_1405283,
title = {Perovskite Photovoltaics: The Path to a Printable Terawatt-Scale Technology},
author = {Berry, Joseph J. and van de Lagemaat, Jao and Al-Jassim, Mowafak M. and Kurtz, Sarah and Yan, Yanfa and Zhu, Kai},
abstractNote = {Abundant, low-cost, reliable, and clean energy is critical not just to maintain but also to improve the living conditions across the globe. Because of the world's unrelenting population and GDP growth that is only slightly offset by reductions in energy intensity per $ of GDP, it has been estimated that by 2050 the world will consume an average of 30 Terawatts (TW) of total (i.e., not just electricity) energy, of which, assuming no current generation capacity retires, at least between 10-15 TW will be completely new capacity. Addressing this 'Terawatt challenge', a term originally coined by Richard Smalley in 2004, in a nonpolluting and sustainable way is integral to addressing socioeconomic needs in both industrial and rapidly developing countries worldwide. In conjunction with ongoing electrification of the energy system, the vastness of the available solar resource will provide a solution to the world's energy needs if we can develop sufficiently low-cost, high-performance, and massively scalable photovoltaic (PV) technology.},
doi = {10.1021/acsenergylett.7b00964},
journal = {ACS Energy Letters},
number = 11,
volume = 2,
place = {United States},
year = {Mon Oct 16 00:00:00 EDT 2017},
month = {Mon Oct 16 00:00:00 EDT 2017}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
This content will become publicly available on October 16, 2018
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Cited by: 4works
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  • The annual potential of solar energy far exceeds the world's total energy consumption. However, the vision of photovoltaics (PVs) providing a substantial fraction of global electricity generation and total energy demand is far from being realized. What technical, infrastructure, economic, and policy barriers need to be overcome for PVs to grow to the multiple terawatt (TW) scale? Here, we assess realistic future scenarios and make suggestions for a global agenda to move toward PVs at a multi-TW scale.
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  • A fully printable perovskite solar cell (PVSC) is demonstrated using a blade-coating technique under ambient conditions with controlled humidity. The influence of humidity on perovskite's crystallization is systematically investigated to realize the ambient processing condition. A high power conversion efficiency of 10.44% is achieved after optimizing the blade-coating process and, more importantly, a high-performance flexible PVSC is demonstrated for the first time. A high efficiency of 7.14% is achieved.
  • A fully printable perovskite solar cell (PVSC) is demonstrated using a blade-coating technique under ambient conditions with controlled humidity. The influence of humidity on perovskite's crystallization is systematically investigated to realize the ambient processing condition. A high power conversion efficiency of 10.44% is achieved after optimizing the blade-coating process and, more importantly, a high-performance flexible PVSC is demonstrated for the first time. Lastly, a high efficiency of 7.14% is achieved.