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Title: High voltage performance of a dc photoemission electron gun with centrifugal barrel-polished electrodes

Abstract

The design and fabrication of electrodes for direct current (dc) high voltage photoemission electron guns can significantly influence their performance, most notably in terms of maximum achievable bias voltage. Proper electrostatic design of the triple-point junction shield electrode minimizes the risk of electrical breakdown (arcing) along the insulator-cable plug interface, while the electrode shape is designed to maintain <10 MV/m at the desired operating voltage aiming at little or no field emission once conditioned. Typical electrode surface preparation involves diamond-paste polishing by skilled personnel, requiring several weeks of effort per electrode. In this work, we describe a centrifugal barrel-polishing technique commonly used for polishing the interior surface of superconducting radio frequency cavities but implemented here for the first time to polish electrodes for dc high voltage photoguns. The technique reduced polishing time from weeks to hours while providing surface roughness comparable to that obtained with diamond-paste polishing and with unprecedented consistency between different electrode samples. We present electrode design considerations and high voltage conditioning results to 360 kV (~11 MV/m), comparing barrel-polished electrode performance to that of diamond-paste polished electrodes. Here, tests were performed using a dc high voltage photogun with an inverted-geometry ceramic insulator design.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1]
  1. Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (TJNAF), Newport News, VA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility, Newport News, VA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1402449
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1389133
Report Number(s):
JLAB-ACC-17-2527; DOE/OR/23177-4193
Journal ID: ISSN 0034-6748; RSINAK; TRN: US1703239
Grant/Contract Number:
AC05-06OR23177
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Review of Scientific Instruments
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 88; Journal Issue: 9; Journal ID: ISSN 0034-6748
Publisher:
American Institute of Physics (AIP)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
30 DIRECT ENERGY CONVERSION

Citation Formats

Hernandez-Garcia, C., Bullard, D., Hannon, F., Wang, Y., and Poelker, M. High voltage performance of a dc photoemission electron gun with centrifugal barrel-polished electrodes. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1063/1.4994794.
Hernandez-Garcia, C., Bullard, D., Hannon, F., Wang, Y., & Poelker, M. High voltage performance of a dc photoemission electron gun with centrifugal barrel-polished electrodes. United States. doi:10.1063/1.4994794.
Hernandez-Garcia, C., Bullard, D., Hannon, F., Wang, Y., and Poelker, M. Mon . "High voltage performance of a dc photoemission electron gun with centrifugal barrel-polished electrodes". United States. doi:10.1063/1.4994794.
@article{osti_1402449,
title = {High voltage performance of a dc photoemission electron gun with centrifugal barrel-polished electrodes},
author = {Hernandez-Garcia, C. and Bullard, D. and Hannon, F. and Wang, Y. and Poelker, M.},
abstractNote = {The design and fabrication of electrodes for direct current (dc) high voltage photoemission electron guns can significantly influence their performance, most notably in terms of maximum achievable bias voltage. Proper electrostatic design of the triple-point junction shield electrode minimizes the risk of electrical breakdown (arcing) along the insulator-cable plug interface, while the electrode shape is designed to maintain <10 MV/m at the desired operating voltage aiming at little or no field emission once conditioned. Typical electrode surface preparation involves diamond-paste polishing by skilled personnel, requiring several weeks of effort per electrode. In this work, we describe a centrifugal barrel-polishing technique commonly used for polishing the interior surface of superconducting radio frequency cavities but implemented here for the first time to polish electrodes for dc high voltage photoguns. The technique reduced polishing time from weeks to hours while providing surface roughness comparable to that obtained with diamond-paste polishing and with unprecedented consistency between different electrode samples. We present electrode design considerations and high voltage conditioning results to 360 kV (~11 MV/m), comparing barrel-polished electrode performance to that of diamond-paste polished electrodes. Here, tests were performed using a dc high voltage photogun with an inverted-geometry ceramic insulator design.},
doi = {10.1063/1.4994794},
journal = {Review of Scientific Instruments},
number = 9,
volume = 88,
place = {United States},
year = {Mon Sep 11 00:00:00 EDT 2017},
month = {Mon Sep 11 00:00:00 EDT 2017}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
This content will become publicly available on September 11, 2018
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