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Title: Mitigating oil spills in the water column

Abstract

The scale and scope of uncontrolled oil spills can be devastating. Diverse marine environments and fragile ecologies are some of the most susceptible to the many ill effects, while the economic costs can be crippling. A notoriously difficult challenge with no known technological solution is the successful removal of oil dispersed in the water column. Here, we address this problem through cheap and reusable oil sorbents based on the chemical modification of polymer foams. Interfacial chemistry was optimized and subsequently tested in a simulated marine environment at the National Oil Spill Response Research & Renewable Energy Test Facility, Ohmsett. We find favorable performance for surface oil mitigation and, for the first time, demonstrate the advanced sorbent's efficiency and efficacy at pilot scale in extraction of crude oil and refined petroleum products dispersed in the water column. As a result, this is a potentially disruptive technology, opening a new field of environmental science focused on sub-surface pollutant sequestration.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [2];  [2]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
  2. National Oil Spill Response Research & Renewable Energy Test Facility (Ohmsett), Leonardo, NJ (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
OSTI Identifier:
1402048
Grant/Contract Number:
AC02-06CH11357
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Environmental Science: Water Research & Technology
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 2017; Journal ID: ISSN 2053-1400
Publisher:
Royal Society of Chemistry
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES

Citation Formats

Barry, Edward, Libera, Joseph A., Mane, Anil U., Avila, Jason R., DeVitis, David, Van Dyke, Keith, Elam, Jeffrey W., and Darling, Seth B. Mitigating oil spills in the water column. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1039/C7EW00265C.
Barry, Edward, Libera, Joseph A., Mane, Anil U., Avila, Jason R., DeVitis, David, Van Dyke, Keith, Elam, Jeffrey W., & Darling, Seth B. Mitigating oil spills in the water column. United States. doi:10.1039/C7EW00265C.
Barry, Edward, Libera, Joseph A., Mane, Anil U., Avila, Jason R., DeVitis, David, Van Dyke, Keith, Elam, Jeffrey W., and Darling, Seth B. Thu . "Mitigating oil spills in the water column". United States. doi:10.1039/C7EW00265C.
@article{osti_1402048,
title = {Mitigating oil spills in the water column},
author = {Barry, Edward and Libera, Joseph A. and Mane, Anil U. and Avila, Jason R. and DeVitis, David and Van Dyke, Keith and Elam, Jeffrey W. and Darling, Seth B.},
abstractNote = {The scale and scope of uncontrolled oil spills can be devastating. Diverse marine environments and fragile ecologies are some of the most susceptible to the many ill effects, while the economic costs can be crippling. A notoriously difficult challenge with no known technological solution is the successful removal of oil dispersed in the water column. Here, we address this problem through cheap and reusable oil sorbents based on the chemical modification of polymer foams. Interfacial chemistry was optimized and subsequently tested in a simulated marine environment at the National Oil Spill Response Research & Renewable Energy Test Facility, Ohmsett. We find favorable performance for surface oil mitigation and, for the first time, demonstrate the advanced sorbent's efficiency and efficacy at pilot scale in extraction of crude oil and refined petroleum products dispersed in the water column. As a result, this is a potentially disruptive technology, opening a new field of environmental science focused on sub-surface pollutant sequestration.},
doi = {10.1039/C7EW00265C},
journal = {Environmental Science: Water Research & Technology},
number = ,
volume = 2017,
place = {United States},
year = {Thu Oct 05 00:00:00 EDT 2017},
month = {Thu Oct 05 00:00:00 EDT 2017}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
This content will become publicly available on October 5, 2018
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