skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Noria: A Highly Xe-Selective Nanoporous Organic Solid

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [4];  [2]
  1. Department of Chemistry, University of Missouri, Columbia Missouri 65211 United States, Fundamental and Computational Science Directorate, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland Washington 99352 United States
  2. Fundamental and Computational Science Directorate, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland Washington 99352 United States
  3. Department of Chemical & Biomolecular Engineering, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley California 94720 United States
  4. Department of Chemistry, University of Missouri, Columbia Missouri 65211 United States
Publication Date:
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1401861
Grant/Contract Number:
SC0001015; DEAC05-76L01830
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Publisher's Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Chemistry - A European Journal
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 22; Journal Issue: 36; Related Information: CHORUS Timestamp: 2017-10-20 18:09:01; Journal ID: ISSN 0947-6539
Publisher:
Wiley Blackwell (John Wiley & Sons)
Country of Publication:
Germany
Language:
English

Citation Formats

Patil, Rahul S., Banerjee, Debasis, Simon, Cory M., Atwood, Jerry L., and Thallapally, Praveen K. Noria: A Highly Xe-Selective Nanoporous Organic Solid. Germany: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1002/chem.201602131.
Patil, Rahul S., Banerjee, Debasis, Simon, Cory M., Atwood, Jerry L., & Thallapally, Praveen K. Noria: A Highly Xe-Selective Nanoporous Organic Solid. Germany. doi:10.1002/chem.201602131.
Patil, Rahul S., Banerjee, Debasis, Simon, Cory M., Atwood, Jerry L., and Thallapally, Praveen K. 2016. "Noria: A Highly Xe-Selective Nanoporous Organic Solid". Germany. doi:10.1002/chem.201602131.
@article{osti_1401861,
title = {Noria: A Highly Xe-Selective Nanoporous Organic Solid},
author = {Patil, Rahul S. and Banerjee, Debasis and Simon, Cory M. and Atwood, Jerry L. and Thallapally, Praveen K.},
abstractNote = {},
doi = {10.1002/chem.201602131},
journal = {Chemistry - A European Journal},
number = 36,
volume = 22,
place = {Germany},
year = 2016,
month = 7
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record at 10.1002/chem.201602131

Save / Share:
  • The successful mass-implementation of nuclear energy requires reprocessing of used nuclear fuel (UNF) to mitigate harmful radioactive waste. Volatile radionuclides such as Xe and Kr evolve into off-gas streams of UNF reprocessing facilities in parts per million concentrations; their capture and successive safe handing is essential from a regulatory point of view. As radioactive Xe has a short half-life, this captured Xe could be sold in the chemical market. Energy-intensive, expensive, and hazardous cryogenic distillation is the current benchmark process to capture and separate radioactive Xe and Kr from air. Thus, a cost-effective, alternative technology for the separation of Xemore » and Kr and their capture from air is of significant importance. Thus far, nanoporous materials, such as aluminosilicate zeolites, metal organic frameworks (MOFs) and porous organic molecules have shown promise for an adsorption-based separation process at room temperature. Herein, we report the selective Xe uptake in a crystalline porous organic oligomeric molecule, noria, and its structural analogue, PgC-noria, under ambient conditions. The selectivity of noria towards Xe arises from its tailored pore size and small cavities, which allows a directed non-bonding interaction of Xe atoms with a large number of carbon atoms of the noria molecular wheel in a confined space.« less
  • A series of porous organic polymers (POPs) with tunable nitrogen functionality and hierarchical porosity were successfully synthesized from the one-step copolymerization of divinylbenzene with 4-vinylpyridine or 1-vinylimidazolate under solvothermal conditions.
  • A new 3D nanoporous metal–organic framework (MOF), [[Zn{sub 4}O(C{sub 24}H{sub 15}N{sub 6}O{sub 6}){sub 2}(H{sub 2}O){sub 2}]·6H{sub 2}O·DMF]{sub n} (1) based on 4,4′,4″-s-triazine-1,3,5-triyltri-p-aminobenzoate (TATAB) ligand was solvothermally synthesized and characterized by single–crystal X-ray diffraction, Powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD), infrared spectroscopy (IR) and Brunauer–Emmett–Teller (BET) analyses. X-ray single crystal diffraction analysis reveals that 1 exhibits a 3D network with new kvh1 topology. Semi-empirical (AM1) calculations were carried out to obtain stable conformers for TATAB ligand. In addition, the absorption of two typical aldehydes (benzaldehyde and formaldehyde) in the presence of 1 was investigated and the effect of the aldehyde concentration, exposure timemore » and temperature was studied. It was found that compound 1 has a potential for the absorption of aldehydes under mild conditions. - Graphical abstract: Absorption of two typical aldehydes (formaldehyde and benzaldehyde) by solvothermally synthesized of a 3D nano-porous MOF based on TATAB tricarboxylate ligand and Zn (NO{sub 3}){sub 2}·6H{sub 2}O. - Highlights: • We present a 3D Zn(II)-MOF with TATAB linker by solvothermal method. • The framework possesses a new kvh1 topology. • The framework displays formaldehyde and benzaldehyde absorption property. • Conformational analysis was performed to determine the stable linker geometry.« less