skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Ephemeral collision complexes mediate chemically termolecular transformations that affect system chemistry [Ephemeral collision complexes induce chemically termolecular transformations that affect global chemistry]

Abstract

Termolecular association reactions involve ephemeral collision complexes—formed from the collision of two molecules—that collide with a third and chemically inert ‘bath gas’ molecule that simply transfers energy to/from the complex. These collision complexes are generally not thought to react chemically on collision with a third molecule in the gas-phase systems of combustion and planetary atmospheres. Such ‘chemically termolecular’ reactions, in which all three molecules are involved in bond making and/or breaking, were hypothesized long ago in studies establishing radical chain branching mechanisms, but were later concluded to be unimportant. Here, with data from ab initio master equation and kinetic-transport simulations, we reveal that reactions of H+O 2 collision complexes with other radicals constitute major kinetic pathways under common combustion situations. These reactions are also found to influence flame propagation speeds, a common measure of global reactivity. As a result, analogous chemically termolecular reactions mediated by ephemeral collision complexes are probably of significance in various combustion and planetary environments.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [2]
  1. Columbia Univ., New York, NY (United States)
  2. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22), Chemical Sciences, Geosciences, and Biosciences Division
OSTI Identifier:
1400399
Grant/Contract Number:
AC02-06CH11357
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nature Chemistry
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 2017; Journal ID: ISSN 1755-4330
Publisher:
Nature Publishing Group
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY

Citation Formats

Burke, Michael P., and Klippenstein, Stephen J.. Ephemeral collision complexes mediate chemically termolecular transformations that affect system chemistry [Ephemeral collision complexes induce chemically termolecular transformations that affect global chemistry]. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1038/nchem.2842.
Burke, Michael P., & Klippenstein, Stephen J.. Ephemeral collision complexes mediate chemically termolecular transformations that affect system chemistry [Ephemeral collision complexes induce chemically termolecular transformations that affect global chemistry]. United States. doi:10.1038/nchem.2842.
Burke, Michael P., and Klippenstein, Stephen J.. Mon . "Ephemeral collision complexes mediate chemically termolecular transformations that affect system chemistry [Ephemeral collision complexes induce chemically termolecular transformations that affect global chemistry]". United States. doi:10.1038/nchem.2842.
@article{osti_1400399,
title = {Ephemeral collision complexes mediate chemically termolecular transformations that affect system chemistry [Ephemeral collision complexes induce chemically termolecular transformations that affect global chemistry]},
author = {Burke, Michael P. and Klippenstein, Stephen J.},
abstractNote = {Termolecular association reactions involve ephemeral collision complexes—formed from the collision of two molecules—that collide with a third and chemically inert ‘bath gas’ molecule that simply transfers energy to/from the complex. These collision complexes are generally not thought to react chemically on collision with a third molecule in the gas-phase systems of combustion and planetary atmospheres. Such ‘chemically termolecular’ reactions, in which all three molecules are involved in bond making and/or breaking, were hypothesized long ago in studies establishing radical chain branching mechanisms, but were later concluded to be unimportant. Here, with data from ab initio master equation and kinetic-transport simulations, we reveal that reactions of H+O2 collision complexes with other radicals constitute major kinetic pathways under common combustion situations. These reactions are also found to influence flame propagation speeds, a common measure of global reactivity. As a result, analogous chemically termolecular reactions mediated by ephemeral collision complexes are probably of significance in various combustion and planetary environments.},
doi = {10.1038/nchem.2842},
journal = {Nature Chemistry},
number = ,
volume = 2017,
place = {United States},
year = {Mon Aug 14 00:00:00 EDT 2017},
month = {Mon Aug 14 00:00:00 EDT 2017}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
This content will become publicly available on August 14, 2018
Publisher's Version of Record

Save / Share: