skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Systems Level Regulation of Rhythmic Growth Rate and Biomass Accumulation in Grasses

Abstract

Objectives: Several breakthroughs have been recently made in our understanding of plant growth and biomass accumulation. It was found that plant growth is rhythmically controlled throughout the day by the circadian clock through a complex interplay of light and phytohormone signaling pathways. While plants such as the C4 energy crop sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench) and possibly the C3 grass Brachypodium distachyon also exhibit daily rhythms in growth rate, the molecular details of its regulation remain to be explored. A better understanding of diurnally regulated growth behavior in grasses may lead to species-specific mechanisms highly relevant to future strategies to optimize energy crop biomass yield. Here we propose to devise a systems approach to identify, in parallel, regulatory hubs associated with rhythmic growth in C3 and C4 plants. We propose to use rhythmicity in daily growth patterns to drive the discovery of regulatory network modules controlling biomass accumulation. Description: The project is divided in three main parts: 1) Performing time-lapse imaging and growth measurement in B. distachyon and S. bicolor to determine growth rate dynamic during the day/night cycle. Identifying growth-associated genes whose expression patterns follow the observed growth dynamics using deep sequencing technology, 2) identifying regulators of these genesmore » by screening for DNA-binding proteins interacting with the growth-associated gene promoters identified in Aim 1. Screens will be performed using a validated yeast-one hybrid strategy paired with a specifically designed B. distachyon and S. bicolor transcription factor libraries (1000 clones each), and 3) Selecting 50 potential growth regulators from the screen for downstream characterization. The selection will be made by using a sytems biology approach by calculating the connectivity between growth rate, rhythmic gene expression profiles and TF expression profile and determine which TF is likely part of a hub and a potential regulator of plant growth. We will confirme the 50 DNA-protein interactions using transient transcriptional assays in B. distachyon and S. bicolor, and perform further testing in vivo by measuring growth parameters in transgenic loss- or gain-of-function lines for the selected transcription factors (25 B. distachyon and 3 S. bicolor lines). In 2016 the Principal Investigator relocated the laboratory to The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) where the project has continued with an end date of 08/31/17. Accomplishments: We successfully collected large datasets of gene expression form the model grass Brachypodium. We used and developed bioinformatics analysis tools to investigate the structure, dynamics and robustness of circadian regulated gene expression in Brachypodium. Relevant Discoveries: We were able to determine that the endogenous circadian clock appears to play a much more subdued role in growth regulation in Brachypodium, that has been demonstrated in either Arabidopsis, or crop plants like Rice, Corn and Soybean. This led to our conclusion that Brachypodium unfortunately is unlikely to serve as an informative model for understanding how growth regulation in plants is under the control of circadian network circuitry. However, we were able to leverage our datasets in Brachypodium to inform us and reinforce a large collaborative study on gene networks governing cell wall deposition in Arabidopsis. This led to a major and highly cited publication relevant to improving biomass production.« less

Authors:
 [1]
  1. Univ. of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Univ. of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1400388
Report Number(s):
DOE-USC-9885
DOE Contract Number:  
SC0009885
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Resource Relation:
Related Information: Matos DA, Cole BJ, Whitney IP, MacKinnon KJ-M, Kay SA, et al. (2014) Daily Changes in Temperature, Not the Circadian Clock, Regulate Growth Rate inBrachypodium distachyon. PLoS ONE 9(6): e100072. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0100072
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
09 BIOMASS FUELS; Rhythmic Growth Rate; Biomass Accumulation in Grasses; C3 grass; Brachypodium distachyon

Citation Formats

Kay, Steve A. Systems Level Regulation of Rhythmic Growth Rate and Biomass Accumulation in Grasses. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.2172/1400388.
Kay, Steve A. Systems Level Regulation of Rhythmic Growth Rate and Biomass Accumulation in Grasses. United States. doi:10.2172/1400388.
Kay, Steve A. Fri . "Systems Level Regulation of Rhythmic Growth Rate and Biomass Accumulation in Grasses". United States. doi:10.2172/1400388. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1400388.
@article{osti_1400388,
title = {Systems Level Regulation of Rhythmic Growth Rate and Biomass Accumulation in Grasses},
author = {Kay, Steve A.},
abstractNote = {Objectives: Several breakthroughs have been recently made in our understanding of plant growth and biomass accumulation. It was found that plant growth is rhythmically controlled throughout the day by the circadian clock through a complex interplay of light and phytohormone signaling pathways. While plants such as the C4 energy crop sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench) and possibly the C3 grass Brachypodium distachyon also exhibit daily rhythms in growth rate, the molecular details of its regulation remain to be explored. A better understanding of diurnally regulated growth behavior in grasses may lead to species-specific mechanisms highly relevant to future strategies to optimize energy crop biomass yield. Here we propose to devise a systems approach to identify, in parallel, regulatory hubs associated with rhythmic growth in C3 and C4 plants. We propose to use rhythmicity in daily growth patterns to drive the discovery of regulatory network modules controlling biomass accumulation. Description: The project is divided in three main parts: 1) Performing time-lapse imaging and growth measurement in B. distachyon and S. bicolor to determine growth rate dynamic during the day/night cycle. Identifying growth-associated genes whose expression patterns follow the observed growth dynamics using deep sequencing technology, 2) identifying regulators of these genes by screening for DNA-binding proteins interacting with the growth-associated gene promoters identified in Aim 1. Screens will be performed using a validated yeast-one hybrid strategy paired with a specifically designed B. distachyon and S. bicolor transcription factor libraries (1000 clones each), and 3) Selecting 50 potential growth regulators from the screen for downstream characterization. The selection will be made by using a sytems biology approach by calculating the connectivity between growth rate, rhythmic gene expression profiles and TF expression profile and determine which TF is likely part of a hub and a potential regulator of plant growth. We will confirme the 50 DNA-protein interactions using transient transcriptional assays in B. distachyon and S. bicolor, and perform further testing in vivo by measuring growth parameters in transgenic loss- or gain-of-function lines for the selected transcription factors (25 B. distachyon and 3 S. bicolor lines). In 2016 the Principal Investigator relocated the laboratory to The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) where the project has continued with an end date of 08/31/17. Accomplishments: We successfully collected large datasets of gene expression form the model grass Brachypodium. We used and developed bioinformatics analysis tools to investigate the structure, dynamics and robustness of circadian regulated gene expression in Brachypodium. Relevant Discoveries: We were able to determine that the endogenous circadian clock appears to play a much more subdued role in growth regulation in Brachypodium, that has been demonstrated in either Arabidopsis, or crop plants like Rice, Corn and Soybean. This led to our conclusion that Brachypodium unfortunately is unlikely to serve as an informative model for understanding how growth regulation in plants is under the control of circadian network circuitry. However, we were able to leverage our datasets in Brachypodium to inform us and reinforce a large collaborative study on gene networks governing cell wall deposition in Arabidopsis. This led to a major and highly cited publication relevant to improving biomass production.},
doi = {10.2172/1400388},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {Fri Oct 20 00:00:00 EDT 2017},
month = {Fri Oct 20 00:00:00 EDT 2017}
}

Technical Report:

Save / Share: