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Title: Toward Low-Cost, High-Energy Density, and High-Power Density Lithium-Ion Batteries

Abstract

Reducing cost and increasing energy density are two barriers for widespread application of lithium-ion batteries in electric vehicles. Although the cost of electric vehicle batteries has been reduced by ~70% from 2008 to 2015, the current battery pack cost (268/kWh in 2015) is still >2 times what the USABC targets (125/kWh). Even though many advancements in cell chemistry have been realized since the lithium-ion battery was first commercialized in 1991, few major breakthroughs have occurred in the past decade. Therefore, future cost reduction will rely on cell manufacturing and broader market acceptance. Here, this article discusses three major aspects for cost reduction: (1) quality control to minimize scrap rate in cell manufacturing; (2) novel electrode processing and engineering to reduce processing cost and increase energy density and throughputs; and (3) material development and optimization for lithium-ion batteries with high-energy density. Insights on increasing energy and power densities of lithium-ion batteries are also addressed.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [2]; ORCiD logo [2];  [1]; ORCiD logo [2]; ORCiD logo [2]; ORCiD logo [2]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [2]; ORCiD logo [2]; ORCiD logo [2]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States)
  2. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1400215
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC05-00OR22725
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
JOM. Journal of the Minerals, Metals & Materials Society
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 69; Journal Issue: 9; Journal ID: ISSN 1047-4838
Publisher:
Springer
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
25 ENERGY STORAGE; 32 ENERGY CONSERVATION, CONSUMPTION, AND UTILIZATION; non-destructive evaluation; electrode engineering; materials processing; formation cycle; electrode architecture; high voltage cathode; high energy anode

Citation Formats

Li, Jianlin, Du, Zhijia, Ruther, Rose E., An, Seong Jin, David, Lamuel Abraham, Hays, Kevin, Wood, Marissa, Phillip, Nathan D., Sheng, Yangping, Mao, Chengyu, Kalnaus, Sergiy, Daniel, Claus, and Wood, III, David L. Toward Low-Cost, High-Energy Density, and High-Power Density Lithium-Ion Batteries. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1007/s11837-017-2404-9.
Li, Jianlin, Du, Zhijia, Ruther, Rose E., An, Seong Jin, David, Lamuel Abraham, Hays, Kevin, Wood, Marissa, Phillip, Nathan D., Sheng, Yangping, Mao, Chengyu, Kalnaus, Sergiy, Daniel, Claus, & Wood, III, David L. Toward Low-Cost, High-Energy Density, and High-Power Density Lithium-Ion Batteries. United States. doi:10.1007/s11837-017-2404-9.
Li, Jianlin, Du, Zhijia, Ruther, Rose E., An, Seong Jin, David, Lamuel Abraham, Hays, Kevin, Wood, Marissa, Phillip, Nathan D., Sheng, Yangping, Mao, Chengyu, Kalnaus, Sergiy, Daniel, Claus, and Wood, III, David L. Mon . "Toward Low-Cost, High-Energy Density, and High-Power Density Lithium-Ion Batteries". United States. doi:10.1007/s11837-017-2404-9. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1400215.
@article{osti_1400215,
title = {Toward Low-Cost, High-Energy Density, and High-Power Density Lithium-Ion Batteries},
author = {Li, Jianlin and Du, Zhijia and Ruther, Rose E. and An, Seong Jin and David, Lamuel Abraham and Hays, Kevin and Wood, Marissa and Phillip, Nathan D. and Sheng, Yangping and Mao, Chengyu and Kalnaus, Sergiy and Daniel, Claus and Wood, III, David L.},
abstractNote = {Reducing cost and increasing energy density are two barriers for widespread application of lithium-ion batteries in electric vehicles. Although the cost of electric vehicle batteries has been reduced by ~70% from 2008 to 2015, the current battery pack cost (268/kWh in 2015) is still >2 times what the USABC targets (125/kWh). Even though many advancements in cell chemistry have been realized since the lithium-ion battery was first commercialized in 1991, few major breakthroughs have occurred in the past decade. Therefore, future cost reduction will rely on cell manufacturing and broader market acceptance. Here, this article discusses three major aspects for cost reduction: (1) quality control to minimize scrap rate in cell manufacturing; (2) novel electrode processing and engineering to reduce processing cost and increase energy density and throughputs; and (3) material development and optimization for lithium-ion batteries with high-energy density. Insights on increasing energy and power densities of lithium-ion batteries are also addressed.},
doi = {10.1007/s11837-017-2404-9},
journal = {JOM. Journal of the Minerals, Metals & Materials Society},
issn = {1047-4838},
number = 9,
volume = 69,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {6}
}

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Unraveling the Voltage-Fade Mechanism in High-Energy-Density Lithium-Ion Batteries: Origin of the Tetrahedral Cations for Spinel Conversion
journal, October 2014

  • Mohanty, Debasish; Li, Jianlin; Abraham, Daniel P.
  • Chemistry of Materials, Vol. 26, Issue 21
  • DOI: 10.1021/cm5031415

Lithium Ion Cell Performance Enhancement Using Aqueous LiFePO 4 Cathode Dispersions and Polyethyleneimine Dispersant
journal, November 2012

  • Li, Jianlin; Armstrong, Beth L.; Kiggans, Jim
  • Journal of The Electrochemical Society, Vol. 160, Issue 2
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A Novel Cathode Material with a Concentration-Gradient for High-Energy and Safe Lithium-Ion Batteries
journal, February 2010

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  • Advanced Functional Materials, Vol. 20, Issue 3
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Carbon surface functionalities and SEI formation during Li intercalation
journal, October 2015


Long-Term Lithium-Ion Battery Performance Improvement via Ultraviolet Light Treatment of the Graphite Anode
journal, January 2016

  • An, Seong Jin; Li, Jianlin; Sheng, Yangping
  • Journal of The Electrochemical Society, Vol. 163, Issue 14
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Understanding limiting factors in thick electrode performance as applied to high energy density Li-ion batteries
journal, February 2017


Using Poly(4-Styrene Sulfonic Acid) to Improve the Dispersion Homogeneity of Aqueous-Processed LiFePO[sub 4] Cathodes
journal, January 2010

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  • Journal of The Electrochemical Society, Vol. 157, Issue 4
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A two layer electrode structure for improved Li Ion diffusion and volumetric capacity in Li Ion batteries
journal, January 2017


Mixed silicon–graphite composites as anode material for lithium ion batteries
journal, September 2004


Neutron Diffraction and Magnetic Susceptibility Studies on a High-Voltage Li 1.2 Mn 0.55 Ni 0.15 Co 0.10 O 2 Lithium Ion Battery Cathode: Insight into the Crystal Structure
journal, September 2013

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  • Chemistry of Materials, Vol. 25, Issue 20
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Structural and Electrochemical Study of Al 2 O 3 and TiO 2 Coated Li 1.2 Ni 0.13 Mn 0.54 Co 0.13 O 2 Cathode Material Using ALD
journal, June 2013

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Staging Phase Transitions in Li[sub x]CoO[sub 2]
journal, January 2002

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Liquid electrolyte lithium/sulfur battery: Fundamental chemistry, problems, and solutions
journal, June 2013


Raman Microscopy of Lithium-Manganese-Rich Transition Metal Oxide Cathodes
journal, November 2014

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Interfacial Properties of the a-Si∕Cu:Active–Inactive Thin-Film Anode System for Lithium-Ion Batteries
journal, January 2006

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Enabling aqueous processing for crack-free thick electrodes
journal, June 2017


Unconventional irreversible structural changes in a high-voltage Li–Mn-rich oxide for lithium-ion battery cathodes
journal, June 2015


Structural transformation in a Li1.2Co0.1Mn0.55Ni0.15O2 lithium-ion battery cathode during high-voltage hold
journal, January 2013

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Performance of LiNi1/3Mn1/3Co1/3O2/graphite batteries based on aqueous binder
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Chemical Oxidation: A Route to Enhanced Capacity in Li-Ion Graphite Anodes
journal, January 1997

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Atomic Structure of a Lithium-Rich Layered Oxide Material for Lithium-Ion Batteries: Evidence of a Solid Solution
journal, August 2011

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Air Exposure Effect on LiFePO[sub 4]
journal, January 2008

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Next-generation lithium-ion batteries: The promise of near-term advancements
journal, May 2014

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Synthesis and electrical resistivity of lithium-pyrographite intercalation compounds (stages I, II and III)
journal, July 1979


LixCoO2 (0<x<-1): A new cathode material for batteries of high energy density
journal, June 1980


Realizing the electric-vehicle revolution
journal, April 2012

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