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Title: Bioscience Overview October 2017


This presentation provides an overview of the Bioscience Division and focus areas at LANL.

  1. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE). Biomass Program (EE-2E)
OSTI Identifier:
Report Number(s):
DOE Contract Number:
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
United States

Citation Formats

McDonald, Rebecca E. Bioscience Overview October 2017. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.2172/1400132.
McDonald, Rebecca E. Bioscience Overview October 2017. United States. doi:10.2172/1400132.
McDonald, Rebecca E. 2017. "Bioscience Overview October 2017". United States. doi:10.2172/1400132.
title = {Bioscience Overview October 2017},
author = {McDonald, Rebecca E.},
abstractNote = {This presentation provides an overview of the Bioscience Division and focus areas at LANL.},
doi = {10.2172/1400132},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = 2017,
month =

Technical Report:

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  • This is an overview of the presentations and research performed by LANL's Bioscience department.
  • This is an overview of the presentations and research held by LANL's Bioscience programs.
  • Accurate measurements of direct normal (beam) solar irradiance from pyrheliometers are important for developing and deploying solar energy conversion systems, improving our understanding of the Earth's energy budget for climate change studies, and for other science and technology applications involving solar flux. Providing these measurements places many demands on the quality system used by the operator of commercially available radiometers. Maintaining accurate radiometer calibrations that are traceable to an international standard is the first step in producing research-quality solar irradiance measurements. In 1977, the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) established the World Radiometric Reference (WRR) as the international standard for themore » measurement of direct normal solar irradiance (Frohlich 1991). The WRR is an internationally recognized, detector-based measurement standard determined by the collective performance of six electrically self-calibrated absolute cavity radiometers comprising the World Standard Group (WSG). Various countries, including the United States, have contributed these specialized radiometers to the Physikalisch-Meteorologisches Observatorium Davos - World Radiation Center (PMOD/WRC) to establish the WSG. As with all measurement systems, Absolute Cavity Radiometers (ASR) are subject to performance changes over time. Therefore, every five years the PMOD/WRC in Davos, Switzerland, hosts an International Pyrheliometer Comparison (IPC) for transferring the WRR to participating radiometers. NREL has represented the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) in each IPC since 1980. As a result, NREL has developed and maintained a select group of absolute cavity radiometers with direct calibration traceability to the WRR, and uses these reference instruments to calibrate pyrheliometers and pyranometers using the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) 17025 accredited Broadband Outdoor Radiometer Calibration (BORCAL) process (Reda et al. 2008). National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) pyrheliometer comparisons (NPCs) are held annually at the Solar Radiation Research Laboratory (SRRL) in Golden, Colorado. Open to all ACR owners and operators, each NPC provides an opportunity to determine the unique WRR transfer factor (WRR-TF) for each participating pyrheliometer. By adjusting all subsequent pyrheliometer measurements by the appropriate WRR-TF, the solar irradiance data are traceable to the WRR.« less
  • All major program milestones have been met and the program is executing within budget. The ALT 370 program achieved Phase 6.4 authorization in February of this year. Five component Final Design Reviews (FDRs) have been completed, indicating progress in finalizing the design and development phase of the program. A series of ground-based qualification activities have demonstrated that designs are meeting functional requirements. The first fully functional flight test, FCET-53, demonstrated end-to-end performance in normal flight environments in February. Similarly, groundbased nuclear safety and hostile environments testing indicates that the design meets requirements in these stringent environments. The first in amore » series of hostile blast tests was successfully conducted in April.« less
  • The B61-12 LEP is currently executing Phase 6.4 Production Engineering with a focus on qualification and preproduction activities. All major milestones have been successfully completed to date. Component Final Design Reviews (FDRs) continue in FY17, with 19 of 38 complete as of April 28. A series of normal and abnormal environments tests occurred in the first half of FY17, and the first qualification flight test on an F-16 was executed in March. Two F-15 qualification flight tests are planned in August. To support Pantex readiness, the first all-up-round (AUR) trainer builds were completed in December 2016. Progress is ongoing towardmore » closure of Air Force Nuclear Weapons Center (tailkit) and Los Alamos National Laboratory interface gaps, and resolution of producibility challenges with the Kansas City National Security Campus (KCNSC).« less